“ALL OUT” FOR EXCELLENCE CERTIFICATION AND DEGREE COMPLETION FOR PUBLIC HEALTH NURSES
Quad Council for Public Health Nursing Organizations Educational Webinar April 11, 2012
• Glynnis LaRosa, RN, MPH, CPHQ ASTDN President 2011-12 Boston, MA
• Lisa Campbell, DNP, RN, APHN-BC, GNP-BC PHN Section-APHA, ASTDN Victoria, TX • Michelle Cravetz, MS, RN-BC, APHN-BC ASTDN, ACHNE, PHN Section-APHA Albany, NY • Christine Vandenhouten, PhD, RN, APHN-BC ACHNE, PHN Section-APHA Green Bay, Wisconsin
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ACHNE Education Committee Members • • • • • • • • • • •
Barbara Battin Little, DNP, MPH, RN, APHN-BC, CNE (Chair) Pamela Ark, PhD, RN Laurel Janssen Breen, PhD RN CNE Crystal DeVance-Wilson, MSN, MBA, APRN, BC Mary Ann Drake, PhD, RN Diane Ernst, RN, MSN, MBA, PhD Cathy Hughes, DNP, MSN, RN Joan Kub, PhD, APHN-BC Eileen Sarsfield, PhD, PHCNS-BC Christine Savage, RN, PhD, CARN Christine L. Vandenhouten, PhD, RN, APHN-BC
AGENDA 1. PHN Practice Standards and Credentialing 2. Education • •
PHN Ready Program – continuing education RN-to-BSN and Masters Programs
3. National Certifications • • •
American Nurses Credentialing Center National Board of Public Health Examiners Resources for studying
LEARNING OBJECTIVES At the end of this offering, the learner will be able to: 1. List at least three ways PHNs are accountable for their practice 2. Describe continuing education opportunities through the Public Health Nurse Ready Program 3. Locate resources for RN-to-BSN and Masters degree completion on the web 4. Describe opportunities for PHNs to attain certification through the American Nurses Credentialing Center and the National Board of Public Health Examiners 5. Apply exam preparation strategies to certification exams 6
PROFESSIONALS ARE ACCOUNTABLE FOR THEIR PRACTICE Public Health Nurses are accountable for their practice by: •Establishing standards and credentials for their practice;
•Meeting professional standards; •Achieving relevant credentials; and •Meeting program and organizational standards.
ESTABLISHING STANDARDS AND CREDENTIALS Standards may be applied on an individual or organizational level. •American Nurses Association Scope and Standards of Practice for Public Health Nurses Developed by PHNs to outline expectations for the highest level of practice.
•Quad Council of Public Health Nursing Organizations – Core Competencies for Public Health Nurses Outlines performance expectations for PHNs at different levels of practice.
•Council on Linkages between Academia and Practice – Core Competencies for Public Health Professionals - Not specific to nursing or public health nurses.
•Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) – public health agency accreditation.
ESTABLISHING PHN CREDENTIALS • Level of education – Pre- and Post-employment requirements. • Scope and Standards require BSN as minimum for PHNs. • Some states require BSN as minimum education for PHNs.
• Licensure – What is legally required to practice? • Cannot work as a nurse in the state without this credential. • Established by states – RN, APN.
• Workplace requirements – Employer-based. • Verification of transcripts, licensure, work history. • Wide range of jobs in public health employ nurses. • May determine reimbursement. 9
PUBLIC HEALTH NURSE (PHN) READY PROGRAM Free, online education Available 24/7 wherever there is internet access Based on Quad Council competencies CNE available for every offering - free Awards a certificate Especially valuable to nurses new to public health or re-entering the field • Useful to those who want a refresher • Does not offer academic credit – CNEs only • www.phnready.org • • • • • •
RN-TO-BSN COMPLETION • Scope and Standards document: calls for BSN as entry level to Public Health • It is at the BSN level where the student learns about the community as patient
• Myth or Fact? http://www.nsna.org/Portals/0/Skins/NSNA/pdf/Impr int_Jan09_Feat_Leonard.pdf • To find a BSN completion program, go to: http://www.rntobsnprograms.com/rn-to-bsncompletion-programs/ 11
SEEKING A HIGHER DEGREE • MSN and/or MPH? • Doctoral Degrees – DNP, PhD • Preparation for higher levels of practice/different type of practice? • See: Your Guide to Graduate Nursing Programs www.aacn.nche.edu/publications/brochures/Grad StudentsBrochure.pdf
CONSIDERATIONS • Cost vs. benefit of getting the degree • Time commitments/restraints • Money – look for sources of financial assistance. See: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/students/financial-aid and, for future Nurse Educators: http://www.aacn.nche.edu/mediarelations/FS_Funding.pdf • Family and employer factors • Goals – career and personal • Format – in-person/on-line/hybrids • What are you looking for out of your educational experience? • What can you put in?
NATIONAL CERTIFICATIONS • American Nurses Credentialing Center • For nurses only • APHN-BC, PHCNS-BC or CHN
• National Board of Public Health Examiners • CPH – “Certified in Public Health” • Must have completed an MPH • Public health generalist
PUBLIC HEALTH CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS PERSPECTIVES FROM ACHNE, APHA -PHN, ASTDN, & ANA MEMBERS
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS • Survey Conducted in March/April, 2012 • Sample: 897 Surveys completed • Membership in sponsoring organizations
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS • The Sample • Primary Setting • 65% Official PH setting • 17% Faculty • Others - Hospital, State Consultant, School Health, CDC
• Primary Role • • • •
33% 30% 18% 2%
Administrative Staff Nurse Faculty Educator
• Education • • • •
16% 36% 30% 16%
ADN BSN Masters prepared (21% MSN; 6% MPH; 3% MS) Doctorally prepared 18
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS Certification Status •Majority (69%) of respondents are not certified in Public Health (PHN or PH) • 79% were never certified in PHN or PH •Current Certifications held include: • 4% (35) APHN-BC • 5% (42) PHCNS-BC • 3% (22) PH (non-nursing) • 22%(190) Hold other certifications
•60% interested in becoming certified • 55% PHN • 5% PH 19
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS Rewards, Incentives, Barriers to Certification •79% Were unaware of the new eligibility criteria for PHN certification. •90% Employers do not require certification •75% No incentive offered by employer •12% Certification helped them when applying to new positions • 32% Felt it did not help • 55% Did not know if it made a difference
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS
Barriers to Certification • • • • • •
52% 52% 41% 40% 36% 16%
Lack of knowledge of certification opportunities Unaware of eligibility criteria Cost Not valued/rewarded by employer Time to Prepare Other - retired, job security in question, no study guide, unaware of testing process or location.
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS Motivators to becoming Certified • • • • • • • • • • • • •
58% 55% 51% 50% 49% 44% 42% 32% 26% 25% 14% 12% 10%
Enhanced Professional Credibility Evidence of Professional Commitment Personal Satisfaction Feeling of Personal Accomplishment Validates Specialized Knowledge Professional Challenge Indicates Higher Level of Clinical Competence Increased Marketability Recognition from Peers Recognition from other Healthcare Professionals Required by Employer Increased Consumer Confidence Increased Salary 22
PHN CERTIFICATION SURVEY RESULTS
Certification Preparation • 62% 4 - One hour webinars with content review • 58% One hour webinar certification options • 57% One hour webinar How to Prepare/Study Resources • 32% 4 Hour Content Review Webinar • 7% Other • Regional review (face to face) • One on One trainings • Self-paced, self study modules online • Study guide (paper) 23
CERTIFICATION ADVANTAGES/DISADVANTAGES Advantages/Pluses
Shows personal accountability for your practice
Not always recognized by employers as important
Validates competence Professional distinction lends credibility and prestige
May not garner additional rewards (pay, rank) for certification
Employers and unions sometimes reimburse exam fees
Can be expensive • $200-350 for APHN-BC exam • $400-550 for CPH exam • Renewals
Encourages/shows lifetime learning
Personal satisfaction PHNs with MPH will need to decide: Which exam? Or both? 24
AMERICAN NURSES CREDENTIALING CENTER (ANCC) • Different categories have been provided for PHNs 1. Public Health Nurse, Advanced (APHN-BC-Advanced Public Health Nurse-Board Certified). Currently available. 2. Clinical Nurse Specialist in Public/Community Health (PHCNSBC) – Exam has been retired/can be renewed if professional development and practice hours requirements are met. No testing option for renewal. 3. Community Health Nursing - Exam also retired, but can be renewed if professional development and practice hour requirements have been met. No testing option for renewal.
• Initial certification is renewed every 5 years. 25
ELIGIBILITY - ANCC EXAMS
RECERTIFICATION ISSUES - ANCC • Can track continuing education credits in the ANCC system between certification periods, which is very helpful. • TRAIN and other Learning Management Systems may also be used to track hours of continuing education. • Applications for renewal are due 8 weeks before certification lapses. • For 2 exams(Clinical Nurse Specialist in Public/ Community Health or PHCNS-BC and Community Health Nursing), there is no testing option available for renewal. 27
OPTIONS FOR RENEWAL Option A: Professional Development plus Practice Hours
• Current, active RN license; • Hold a current ANCC certification (not lapsed); • Complete within the 5 years preceding renewal application: • Professional development requirements for your certification specialty; and • 1,000 practice hours in your certification role and population/specialty.
Option B: Professional Development plus Testing This option applies only to those certifications in which an exam is available.
• Current, active RN license; • Hold a current ANCC certification; • Within the 5 years preceding your renewal application: • Complete the professional development requirements for your specific certification; and • Pass the exam. (If you do not pass the exam, your certification is no longer valid.) 29
PRACTICE HOURS REQUIRED FOR RENEWAL • You must complete a minimum of 1,000 practice hours in your certification specialty within the 5 years preceding the postmark on your renewal application. • You can count hours of employment or as a volunteer. • Faculty can use hours of direct clinical supervision of students for clinical practice. The direct clinical supervision must be in the certification specialty. • Advanced practice (CNS and NP) faculty must have direct supervision of advanced practice nursing students. 30
PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT HOURS REQUIRED FOR RENEWAL • Must be completed within the 5 years preceding renewal in two of the six professional development categories. • Categories 1–5 may be doubled; 6 may not. (See next slide for categories.) • Beginning January 1, 2014, all candidates must complete Category 1 (75 continuing education hours), plus one additional category. • Candidates are allowed to fulfill the entire Professional Development requirement by submitting twice under Category 1, for a total of 150 continuing education hours. 31
CATEGORIES, SUMMARIZED Category
Continuing Education Hours - 75
Academic Credits - 5 Semester or 6 Quarter
Educational Presentations – 5
Publication or Research – different requirements for different types of publications, research.
Preceptor – 120 hours
Professional Service – 2 or more years
For more detail, see: Pages 5 through 11 at http://www.nursecredentialing.org/RenewalApplicationForm.aspx
MATERIALS AND RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM ANCC • Sample test questions
• Posters, brochures to promote certification • •
PDFs of publications are available from ANCC ANCC will mail multiple copies to facilities - complete an online form
• ANCC Certification Applications • School Codes Directory • “Building A Better Future” • •
Film showing value of certification to nurses, administrators, patients Faculty can share the link with students or request a free DVD [email protected]
• Recommended Reading List • Review Seminar - Available to schools/agencies • • •
School/agency provides space and audio-visual needs A minimum of 25 attendees are required, but with advanced notice, ANCC will market to fill the room. Nurses from your agency can get a substantial discount to attend. 33
NATIONAL BOARD OF PUBLIC HEALTH EXAMINERS (NBPHE) • CPH exam – “Certified in Public Health” • Generalist; not specific to PH Nursing • An alternative certification for those who have earned a graduate level degree (Masters or Doctoral) from a school or program of public health accredited by the Council on Education for Public Health (CEPH) • http://www.publichealthexam.org/Exam.cfm • May compete with ANCC for credentialing of PHNs with MPH • Maintenance requirements currently being determined – 50 hours every 2 years
HOW DO THE TESTS COMPARE?
CONTENT AREAS ANCC • • • • • • • • • •
Foundations of advance PHN practice Human development Epidemiology and biostatistics Evaluation and research Assessment of public and community health Strategies to improve public and community health Health promotion, disease prevention and risk reduction Education for populations and communities Health systems, organizations and networks Leadership
See: http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Docu ments/Certification/TestContentOutlines/P ublicHealthNursingAdvancedTCO.aspx
NBPHE 5 Core Areas: •Biostatistics •Environmental health services •Epidemiology •Health policy and management •Social and behavioral sciences
•Communication and informatics •Diversity and culture •Leadership •Public health biology •Professionalism •Programs planning •Systems thinking
See: http://www.nbphe.org/Examinfo.cfm 36
EXAM PREPARATION • Both organizations have study guides available. • Additional information is available on their websites. • Develop a study plan early.
CPH EXAM RESOURCES • Online resources available: http://www.nbphe.org/study.cfm • ASPH Study Guide: http://www.asph.org/cphstudyguide/ • Jones and Bartlett Study Guide: www.jblearning.com/catalog/9780763779269/ • Webinars on NBPHE website: http://www.nbphe.org/webinar.cfm • Practice Exam Questions can be found at http://www.nbphe.org/FAQs.cfm#SampleQs 38
PREPARING FOR CERTIFYING EXAMS –
STUDY TIPS What can you do on your own? •Read all materials on the website very carefully. •Look carefully at the topical areas covered and assess where you need to spend more of your time preparing. •Use current texts to study.
•Review class notes and materials. •Look up online resources •Download and take the sample test. 39
MORE STUDY TIPS… • Prepare for the process of test-taking: • Review the test procedures described on the website. • Find out where your nearest testing center is. Many centers allow you to arrange a tour before the test date. • Leave time to prepare on test day. Remember your admission paperwork.
• Can you make it a group project? • “Study Buddies” are very helpful, even if they are “virtual.” • If you think you can muster 25 people, consider asking ANCC to give a review course at your facility.
STUDY GUIDE • Refer to the Study Guide. • Formatted by Topical Area. • See Reference List.
UPCOMING WORKSHOPS ASTDN
• • • •
Wednesday, May 9th 12:30 to 4 PM Austin, TX Review of study guide and study tips
• • • •
Saturday, June 9th 10:15 -11:15 AM Portland, Oregon Overview of certification process and study tips
QUESTIONS & ANSWERS • The link to the archive and the slides will be posted on the ASTDN website at www.astdn.org • An email will be sent via the ASTDN, ACHNE, and APHA-PHN section list serves when the archive is ready • Dr. Lisa Campbell can be contacted via email with further certification questions: [email protected]
THANK YOU! • Thank you for attending today’s presentation. • For additional information: • Study Guide • Resource Handout
Please consider taking the certification exam!