American Revolution PowerPoint Notes

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History
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American Revolution Mr. Luvera Chapter 5: The American Revolution Unit 3: A Time of Change

Trouble in the Colonies Sequence of Events The British government created a boundary line along the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers, forcing colonists to leave the area.

The British created a Stamp Act which forced colonists to pay a tax on paper. Colonists thought this was unfair.

Parliament taxed colonists for goods and tea, leading to the Boston Tea Party and the New York Tea Party (where the colonists threw the tea into the harbors). The colonists formed militias.

Fill in the chart with information about how the British actions caused the colonists to form militias and the issues that led to the signing of the Declaration of Independence. British government kicks settlers off land.

British pass the Stamp Act.

British pass the Tea Act.

British government created a boundary line along the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers, following the Appalachian Mountains. (sided with Native Americans)

The British needed to recover the costs of French and Indian War, taxed paper sold in colonies.

British placed taxes on tea, 342 chests of tea were dumped into Boston Harbor, and colonists dumped tea in New York Harbor

List the order of events leading to the Declaration of Independence. Sequence of Events The Declaration of Independence was approved by the Continental Congress. News of the Declaration reaches New York.

By 1777 all of the delegates (56) have signed the Declaration of Independence.

"The Declaration of Independence", mural by John Trumbull.

Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Statesman, scientist, inventor, publisher of the Pennsylvania Gazette, author of Poor Richard's Almanac, member of the Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention, signer of the Declaration of Independence, first U.S. Postmaster General, American commissioner to Paris. View Inventive Genius film (9 min): m

View American Diplomat film (11min): m

An early American political cartoon originally published in Benjamin Franklin's Pennsylvania Gazette newspaper.

"Bringing Down the Statue of King George in New York" by unknown artist Library of Congress

Declaring Independence film: ndependence.htm

Fighting in New York People who supported the Patriot Cause  Militia – females such as Sybil Ludington  African Americans  fisherman

Tell about the outcome of fighting in New York  The British had more weapons and soldiers.

 The British won most of the battles.  Washington’s troops retreated to New Jersey.

The American Revolution Ends Battle of Saratoga

Battle of Yorktown

 France supported

 Continental Army led by

Americans by sending supplies and money. (after the battle)  British plan was to attack from NYC and move north and attack from Canada and move south.  American (Patriot) General Benedict Arnold and Horatio Gates defeated the British Army (Gen. Burgoyne) -1777

George Washington and Alexander Hamilton, joined French forces to surround the British army.  British General Cornwallis surrendered to the American Continental Army, ending the war.  Peace of Paris Treaty was signed, officially ending the war on September 3, 1783.

Major General John Burgoyne commanded the British and German force.

Major General Horatio Gates and Brigadier Benedict Arnold commanded the American army.

General Burgoyne surrenders to General Gates at the Battle of Saratoga 17th October 1777

Marquis de LaFayette (1757-1834) The Marquis de LaFayette was a French citizen who joined America's Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. An ardent supporter of the American Revolution, the Marquis de LaFayette was voted Major General by the Continental Congress. He commanded a light division in the Battle of Yorktown and was a close associate of George Washington.

Thomas Paine (1737-1809) Revolutionary War writer, gained fame as author of Common Sense, The Crisis, The Rights of Man and The Age of Reason. Served in the War as aide to Gen. Nathanael Greene, and appointed by Congress as secretary to the committee on foreign affairs. In his later years, he established himself as "a missionary of world revolution."

Benedict Arnold (1741-1801) Prominent U.S. army officer, secretly arranged with British Major John Andre to hand over West Point to British; after discovery of his treason he fled to the British side, became General in British Army, led raids against American forces.

Benedict Arnold's Letter to The Inhabitants of America As reported in The London Chronicle of November 11-14, 1780 After Benedict Arnold betrayed his country and donned the uniform of a British officer, he wrote a letter in an attempt to vindicate his actions. In an address entitled A Letter To The Inhabitants of America, Arnold sought to defend his conduct, and urged others in America to follow his example. He said that he always thought the Declaration of Independence to be hastily-conceived and illconsidered. He blamed Congress for having plunged the people into a long and expensive war, without first submitting the matter to a vote. In its Postscript section the London Chronicle printed the full text of Arnold's Letter.

Obituary of Benedict Arnold Columbian Centinel

Saturday, August 1, 1801

Review  Patriot and Loyalist Matching Game:      atloy Paul Revere film: Questions on Revere film: m Benedict Arnold film: Questions on Arnold film: George Washington film (11 min) :

Portrait of Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805)

A British general and colonial governor, Gen. Charles Cornwallis served with distinction during the American Revolution. He won the battle of Brandywine and captured Philadelphia in 1777 and Charleston in 1780 — but was finally forced to surrender to Washington at Yorktown in 1781, ending the war.

Nathanael Greene (1742-1786)

Revolutionary War General, studied law under Thomas Jefferson, led American forces in major battles, supreme commander of Continental Army in Sept., 1780; his battlefield strategy forced Cornwallis to Yorktown.

Baron von Steuben (1730-1794) Served under Washington at Valley Forge, inspector general of Continental Army, trained troops & wrote drill manual adopted by Continental Army, commanded a division at Battle of Yorktown, military planner to Washington following end of the War.

Portrait of John Adams (1735-1826) John Adams was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He served as second President of the United States, first vicepresident of the U.S., and as a member of the Continental Congress. He helped draft the Declaration of Independence and helped negotiate the treaty of Paris with England in 1783.

Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) Founding father. Author of the Declaration of Independence and the Virginia statute for religious freedom, member of the Continental Congress, statesman, diplomat, Secretary of State, VicePresident, 3rd President of the United States, founder of the University of Virginia.

Death of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams

Death of George Washington

Death of Martha Washington

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