APUS Unit 4 Review PPTx

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, Revolution And Post-Independence (1775-1820), War Of 1812
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Unit 4 Review 1800-1848

Key Concept 4.1 • The United States developed the world’s first modern mass democracy and celebrated a new national culture, while Americans sought to define the nation’s democratic ideals and to reform its institutions to match them.

Key Concept 4.2 • Developments in technology, agriculture, and commerce precipitated profound changes in U.S. settlement patterns, regional identities, gender and family relations, political power, and distribution of consumer goods.

Key Concept 4.3 • U.S. interest in increasing foreign trade, expanding its national borders, and isolating itself from European conflicts shaped the nation’s foreign policy and spurred government and private initiatives.

• The U.S. defined itself as a nation during this period • Rapid demographic, economic and territorial growth • Development of mass democracy • Birth of a new national culture • Creation of a market economy • Advancements in industry and transportation • Development of new reform movements

• Conflict with Native Americans • Nativism and Anti-foreignism • Native Americans, African Americans and women were not included in the new democracy

Jefferson • “The Revolution of 1800” • Louisiana Purchase – Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806) • Increased geographic and scientific knowledge of the region; better claim to Oregon territory

• Barbary Pirates • Embargo Act (1807)

The War of 1812 • Non-intercourse Act (1809) and Macon’s Bill No. 2 (1810) • War Hawks – Democratic-Republicans in Congress – Many from the frontier states – Wanted war with Britain- defend American honor; gain Canada; remove Indian threat on frontier

• Hartford Convention • The Treaty of Ghent

The Era of Good Feelings • • • •

Federalist Party collapsed James Monroe President 1816 to about 1819 Issues such as tariff and sectionalism still existed

The Rise of the Common Man • By the 1820s • Shift to universal manhood suffrage • Many states eliminated property requirements for voting • States began to allow voters to choose representatives to the Electoral College as opposed to state legislatures

Reform • Influenced by Second Great Awakening • Belief that humans could achieve perfectionism • Reformers looked to influence politics at the local, state and national level

• Temperance – Maine prohibited sale of alcohol in 1851 – Other states passed similar laws

• Abolition • Prisons • Asylums

Utopian Societies • Some people sought to remove themselves from society and establish communal societies (both religious and non-religious) that would be more perfect • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons) – Founded by Joseph Smith and later led by Brigham Young

Transcendentalists • Influenced by European Romanticism • Emphasis on connection between man and nature • Ralph Waldo Emerson • Henry David Thoreau- “On Civil Disobedience”- advocated passive resistance as a form of protest

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