Big Cities: Sources of and Solutions to New Insecurities

January 12, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, International Relations
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Expert Event | Big Cities: Sources of and Solutions to New Insecurities 13 November 2014, 09:00 - 17:00 Second thematic Event of the Knowledge Platform Security & Rule of Law | Venue: The Hague Institute for Global Justice, Sophialaan 10, The Hague, The Netherlands | Twitter @SRoLPlatform, #bigcities

The themes of the meeting Large cities across the developed and developing world act more than ever as globalized magnets for people, investments and power. Their exceptional, yet ambiguous status is demonstrated by the outstanding importance given to urban economies by central governments and the international community, as well the fear that is conveyed by the extraordinary concentration of diverse people in environments exposed to numerous illicit and violent influences. This thematic meeting of the Knowledge Platform is intended to provide an opportunity to absorb the latest scholarly and policy thinking on the role of cities, above all in fragile and conflict-affected environments, as well as to discuss possible donor responses to the dangers that these urban centres can pose. Given the enormous variety of issues raised by the scale of urban development across the world, the meeting will focus on three sets of issues. The first concern is that of insecurity within the city, whether involving organized crime, gang activities or other forms of armed violence. It will inquire as to what political, social and economic conditions tend to be associated with the emergence of violence and crime, and how cities can become predisposed towards acting as magnets for the displacement of coercion and illicit

activities from elsewhere. The extreme violence associated with certain Latin American cities, as well as the exposure of urban areas in Asia and Africa to threats and terrorism from radical armed groups, will both be examined. A second concern, closely related to the first, is the way many cities are being shaped and controlled on the basis of principles and methods that tend to emphasis segregation, surveillance, control and heavy-handed policing. While there is little doubt that cities are exposed to multiple and hybrid threats of crime and organized violence, there remain doubts as to which emerging doctrines of urban policing and control are appropriate means to deal with these threats, or whether certain approaches may contribute to the consolidation of violent and illicit networks by reinforcing social marginalization. Lastly, a third part of the meeting will focus on the means in which urban populations, particularly those at risk of systemic exclusion, can or should act to enhance their access to political decision-making and curb localized threats to human security. Particular attention could be paid to ways in which non-state security provision and other forms of community empowerment can take place, even in conditions that would appear distinctly hostile to these forms of organization. The seminar will also pose the critical question as to what the international community of donors and civil society can do to mitigate the risks of insecurity in massive urban environments.

Programme 13 November | Big Cities: Sources of and Solutions to New Insecurities

09.00 – 09.30:

Registration, Tea and coffee

09:30 - 09:45:

Welcome and introduction to the themes of the seminar


Ivan Briscoe, Conflict Research Unit, Clingendael Institute


David Connolly, Conflict Prevention Programme,

Understanding epidemics of urban crime and violence (Latin America)


Manuel Llorens, Andrés Bello Catholic University, Caracas


Chris van der Borgh, Utrecht University

09:45 – 11.00:

11.00 – 11.15:

Tea and coffee

11.15 – 12.30pm:

Hybrid urban violence: between politics and crime (Africa and south Asia)

The Hague Institute for Global Justice

Discussant: Carolina Frossard, University of Amsterdam


Nida Kirmani, Lahore University of Management Sciences


Naomi van Stapele, VU University, Amsterdam Discussant: Yusuf Hassan, MP for the National Alliance, Kenya

12.30 - 13.30:


13.30 – 14.45:

The city in the global context: mobility, segregation and technology, and their relevance for urban policy in fragile settings

14.45 – 15.00:

Tea and coffee

15.00 – 16.15:

New policies and approaches to address urban insecurity


Alberto Vanolo, University of Turin


Rivke Jaffe, University of Amsterdam Discussant: David Connolly, Conflict Prevention Programme, The Hague Institute


Yusuf Hassan, MP for the National Alliance, Kenya


Adesoji Adeniyi, co-ordinator of the “Megacities” project, the Ramphal Institute Discussant: Wieger Apperloo, Director Urban Matters, Cordaid

16.15 – 16.45:

Plenary discussion

16.45 – 17.00:


17.00 – 17.30:


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