book - Concordia University

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Writing, Journalism
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books: research & experimenting •

e-books & future of libraries

Melinda Reinhart Visual Arts Librarian

e-books: who are stakeholders




graphic designers




graphic designers authors


publishers readers

libraries & what they do …. ensure preservation of culture and knowledge develop collections of materials depends on type: national, public, academic, research ….

organize information make information accessible to a wide audience for free

libraries in transition


19th to 20th century

21st century

print & e-books: shifting landscape …. a book comprehends a treatise written on any material (skin, parchment, papyrus, paper, cotton, silk, palm leaves, bark, tablets of wood, ivory, slate, metal, etc.), put together in any portable form, e.g. that of a long roll, or of separate leaves, hinged, strung, stitched, or pasted together. … e-book is a handheld electronic device on which the text of a book can be read. (Oxford English Dictionary)

• • • •

4th millenium BC: Clay tablets 2400 BC: Scrolls 4th century AD: Codex Manuscripts 1450: Paper Codex (Gutenberg Printing Press)

• 1807: Foudrinier Machine Mass production of paper books • 1971 first electronic books: 1971 Gutenberg Project • 2100: ?????

e-books : beginnings First initiatives focus on democratic & making accessible for free internationally – public domain

Project Gutenberg (1971) – 1st publication US Declaration of Independence Michael Hart created using books in the PUBLIC DOMAIN Currently over 40,00 books available …………….. A self-publishing portal is available

e-books : digitization projects 1000s of library, archives, research centres, etc have digitized unique and rare materials free access to innumerable rare materials

Book of Nantes. Parchment. Circa 1440 Bodleian Library (Oxford)

Poems by Bai Juyi (772 to 846), China. National Library, Japan.

Dual camera book scanning system

e-books: organizing & making accessible Other initiatives attempts to organize e-books into internet libraries:

Internet Archive (1996) offers a digitizing service serves as portal to numerous e-books and other media, including web sites over 5 million books from 1500 collections in various languages World Digital Library (2009) international digital library operated by UNESCO objective is to narrow the digital divide partners with many national and academic libraries International Portals Europeana (2009) SEADL: South East Asia Digital Library (2010) Digital Public Library of America (2013)

e-books: scanning books

scanning project with major libraries begun in 2004

numerous legal cases related to books with copyright - authors, publishers

e-books: open access first open access books in 1994 – includes digital and print version DOAB: Directory of Open Access Books (2013) aims to increase discoverability of open access books

e-books: commercial publishers lack of standardization & interoperability different software and readers DRM (digital rights management) & copyright owning vs leasing permanence – technology continually evolving

e-books: some questions to ask • Who ensures long-term preservation? • Who decides what information will be collected and kept? – quality and unbiased • Who ensures that information will be free and accessible? – Digital divide

• Who decides what formats to keep and ensures future transfers?

building an academic library collection

• Humanities and Arts e-books have become available more recently; many still not available online

• hybrid collections of paper & electronic book collections for forseeable future

building collections: acquiring e-books • e-book availability for different disciplines • e selection models • title by title • packages – no selection or control over titles

• usage model • single vs multiple

• access models • subscription vs perpetual access

Explore E-books at Concordia Libraries

collecting: not everything is available through Google books • Library acquired e-book copy for $160 Print Culture: from steampress to ebook. Frances Roberston. NY: Routledge, 2013. – Google Books missing pages & images – $125 for hardback – $40 for paperback

collecting: would you buy this book for library? Vendor prices: – $292 single user e-book – $488 multi-user e-book

– Paper


• Partially available on Google Books

collecting: only in paper & reading experience Irma Boom: The Architecture of the Book

collecting: many titles only available in paper

Emigre Graphic Design into the Digital Realm. Rudy Vanderlans, Zuzana Licko, and Jan van Gent. New York : Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1993.

• Will this be digitized? • And what about reading experience?

…. a death greatly exaggerated… not all books will be retrospectively digitized Google has digitized 15 million of approximately 300 million titles strength and durability of paper can be easily preserved while much digital information is already lost

print on demand: suggests many people still prefer paper

“Paper books and electronic books should be thought of as allies not enemies.” (R. Darnton)

e-books: things to consider not everyone has access to computers - restrictions copyright and restrictions printing, copying

subscription or perpetual access type of reading – fragmented or sustained future transferability to other medium

academic libraries in transition …. university libraries of the future …..expect vibrant spaces where books are important but people are central

…. transition from reader and book-centred to community and learning-centred

Recent example Hunt Library North Carolina State University

Transitions at Concordia University Library Entrance to the R. Howard Webster Library and “Ask Us” space with green wall to the right (Architects ‘ images)

Perspective of the second floor of the LB Building: group study rooms on the right, glass wall of large study hall on the left.

“Libraries are places where critical thinking is encouraged to thrive. We’ll be creating new spaces to stimulate intellectual discourse by accommodating group interaction and more social forms of learning as well as better conditions for silent study.” Dr. Guylaine Beaudry, Interim Library Director

consult, consult, consult with stakeholders ….students, faculty, staff

Webster Library – try new technology

Mediascape: furniture and technology integrated together with dual screens to allow you to share information from your tablets and laptops


Biographias. Alicia Martin. sculptural installation at Casa de America, Madrid.

Spirit of Libraries Little Free Library Movement

Artists books Ditial initiatives • 3d printed artists book • This is not a poem Alan Bigelow • Life is like water Peter Horvath

• Columbia College - Interarts - Expanded-artists-books

Paradigm shifts

Introducing the book

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