Ch 6_2 Foreign Affairs Trouble the Nation

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, Revolution And Post-Independence (1775-1820), Revolutionary War
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• “We just learned about your freedom of speech under the First Amendment of the Constitution. You also have the right to criticize the government. Write a couple sentences criticizing the government on any issue. Part 2 • Now imagine that you have been arrested for it this criticism and now being threatened with deportation to the country where your family was from. Explain why you believe being arrested is wrong and tell me how you feel.”

Ch. 6.2 Domestic and Foreign Problems MAIN IDEA Events in Europe shapely divide American public opinion in the late 18th century.

WHY IT MATTER NOW Washington’s policies at home and abroad set an example for later presidents.

Fights in the Northwest • Native Americans do not accept Treaty of Paris; demand direct talks. • In 1790 Miami tribe chief, Little Turtle, defeats U.S. army.

Battle of Fallen Timbers, 1794 • Miami Confederacy defeated. • Signed Treaty of Greenville. -Received less value for land.

French Revolution • Became extremely violent. • Federalists pro-British; Democratic-Republicans pro-French. • Washington declares neutrality; will not support either side. • Edmond Genet, French Diplomat, violates diplomatic protocol.

John Jay’s Treaty • John Jay’s treaty with Britain angers many Americans. • British are to leave Northwest posts, but continue fur trade. • Impressment (force to serve in British navy) of Americans sailors continue. • French says it violates alliance.

Treaty with Spain • Thomas Pinckney, Treaty of San Lorenzo, 1795. -Florida-U.S. boundary set at 31 parallel. -Mississippi River open to U.S. traffic.

Washington Retires

• Farewell Address, -The United States must not get entangled (involved) in foreign (European) affairs.

First Party-Based Elections, 1796 • John Adams wins. -Federalist. • Thomas Jefferson -Demo. Republican. -Become Vice President • Sectionalism–Placing regional interests above nation.

Adams Tries to Avoid War • XYZ Affair, 1797- French officials demand a bribe ($250,000) to see foreign minister. -Give France millions of $$$. • Congress creates navy dept.; Washington called to lead army. • Undeclared naval war rages for two years.

Alien and Sedition Acts, 1798 • Federalists fear French plot to overthrow U.S. gov. -Suspicious of immigrants. -Active Demo. Republicans. -Critical of Adams. • Alien Act: Residence req. for citizenship. -permit deportation, jail. • Sedition Act: jail terms for insulting or lying about government. • Some Demo-Rep. editors, publishers, politicians jailed.

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

• Jefferson and James Madison see acts as a misuse of power. • States call acts a violation of 1st Amendment rights. • Nullify- States have the right to void laws deemed unconstitutional.

Washington Dies

• Dec. 14, 1799

1. What was Alexander Hamilton’s three-part plan to cure the new nation’s economic crisis? 2. What were some of the differences between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans? 3. How did George Washington show the strength of the federal government during the Whiskey Rebellion?

1. How did domestic and foreign affairs shape the country’s policies? 2. Why were the Alien and Seditions acts passed? 3. What were the Virginia and Kentucky resolutions?

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