ch.6 test-key - Campbellsville Independent Schools

March 27, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, Europe (1815-1915), Industrial Revolution
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Ch.6 Industrialization Test 70 Points 1.

John D. Rockefeller originally made his fortune in which industry? a. railroad b. oil c. steel d. electronics

2.

As of 1818 when railroad time was adopted by the U.S. as the standard of time, how many different time zones were established? a. 8 b. 4 c. 6 d. 2

3.

Which of the following was a way in which crude oil was used by Native Americans before the arrival of Europeans? a. Medicine b. Fuel c. Trade good d. Both A & B

4.

Which of the following best describes the significance of the Great Strike of 1877? a. It was the first strike supported by skilled and unskilled workers. b. It resulted in the worst violence in the history of the labor movement. c. It was the first nationwide strike in the United States. d. It resulted in the first legislation protecting the rights of labor unions

5.

Which term best describes wealthy business owners who often engaged in unfair or anti-competitive business practices? a. muckrakers b. mugwumps c. robber barons d. venture capitalists

6. The man pictured above created the first research & development lab in New Jersey where he patented close to 2,000 items. Who is he? a. Nikola Tesla b. George Westinghouse c. Thomas Edison d. Murphy Lamb

7.

Andrew Carnegie was a very successful entrepreneur and businessman in the late 1800s and early 1900s. He started the Carnegie Steel Company and later went on to have profitable investments in the railroad and oil industries. Carnegie retired at the beginning of the 20th century and began to devote his time, efforts, and money to help others. He used his money to establish social organizations, museums, libraries, schools, and Carnegie Mellon University. Based on the passage about Andrew Carnegie, one could say that he was an entrepreneur, an industrialist, and a. an environmentalist b. a politician c. a fascist d. a philanthropist

8. This cartoon was published in Puck magazine in 1889. The sign in the middle of the Senate room reads, "This is a Senate of the Monopolists, by the Monopolists, and for the Monopolists." Which of the following is the purpose of this cartoon? a. b. c. d. 9.

to give people an accurate portrayal of what some trust leaders looked like to show how much influence big business leaders had on the U.S. government to demonstrate how different U.S. industries were from each other in the late 1800s to compare the differences between the major trust leaders and U.S. senators

Which of the following refers to a business strategy where a person buys out all or the majority of their business competitors? a. Horizontal Integration b. Trust Busting c. Vertical Integration d. Racial Integration

10. The map above shows all of the time zones found within the United States. Which of the following states are split between the Eastern and Central time zones? a. Kentucky b. Tennessee c. Indiana d. All of the above 11. The Pullman Strike of 1894 had the greatest effect on which industry? a. the steel industry b. the railroad industry c. the textile industry d. the oil industry 12. What political party’s reputation was tarnished after a congressional investigation into the Credit Mobilier? a. Democratic b. Republican c. Independent d. Tea 13. Which of the following industries is directly responsible for the creation of different time zones? a. Textile b. Oil c. Railroads d. Steel 14. Which of the following was an industry that flourished from the new steel production? a. Railroads b. Barbed wire c. Construction d. All of the above 15. Which of the following was the most prominent labor organizer of the women’s labor movement that argued on the behalf of men, women, and children? a. Susan B. Anthony b. Mary Harris Jones c. Hillary Clinton d. Allison Grimes 16. What invention was patented in 1876 that opened the door for worldwide communication? a. Typewriter b. IPad c. Telephone d. Phonograph

17. What percentage of the oil refining market did John D. Rockefeller control by 1880? a. 20% b. 100% c. 54.8% d. 90% 18. Which of the following was the primary sector of the U.S. economy immediately following the Civil War? a. Shipping b. Agriculture c. Construction d. All of the above

19. This cartoon was published in Puck magazine in 1904. Based on the picture, what is this cartoon stating about trusts (in this case the Standard Oil trust)? a. b. c. d.

Trusts were helpful because they reached out and supported their workers. The U.S. government was financially supported by trusts like the Standard Oil Company. Trusts often sought to control the U.S. government and many other aspects of life. The trusts had many executives because they wanted to spread power out among many people.

20. Which of the following was a financial collapse that occurred near the end of the 1800s? a. Great Recession b. Panic of 1893 c. Depression of 1865 d. None of the above 21. Which of the following strikes involved workers at Carnegie Steel striking over cut wages? a. Pullman Strike b. Haymarket Affair c. Homestead Strike d. Miner’s Strike 1895 22. Which of the following American companies had a monopoly in the late 1800s? a. Sears, Roebuck and Company b. Standard Oil Company c. General Electric Company d. Deere and Company

23. The Bessemer process led to which of the following? a. the creation of a monopoly in the oil industry b. the employment of highly skilled workers c. the mass production of high quality steel d. the rapid increase in agricultural production 24. What did John D. Rockefeller create in order to monopolize the oil industry? a. a trust b. a union c. a non-profit organization d. a collective 25. Which of the following organizations emerged near the end of the 19 th century to combat long working hours, dangerous conditions, and low wages? a. FDIC b. Labor unions c. Trust busters d. Ghost busters 26. Which group believed that society was a competition in which the fittest came out on top, justifying the inequality faced by immigrants and minorities during the Gilded Age? a. Social Darwinists b. Transcendentalists c. Union members d. Socialists 27. Which of the following was NOT a factor that contributed to the U.S. becoming the leading industrial country in the world by the 1920s? a. Reducing immigration numbers b. Natural resources c. Government support of business d. Growing urban population 28. Which of the following was describes how farmers benefitted from the Supreme Court decision of Munn v. Illinois? a. The railroads were allowed to operate unchecked by the Federal Government b. 75% of U.S. railroads were eliminated c. States won the right to regulate the railroads d. None of the above

29. The man pictured above is credited with patenting the telephone in 1876. Who is he? a. Thomas Bessemer b. Steve Jobs c. Alexander Graham Bell d. John D. Rockefeller 30. What workplace accident occurred in New York City that resulted in the deaths of 146 women in 1911? a. Times Square Massacre b. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire c. World Trade Center attack d. All of the above 31. Which of the following companies was responsible for the construction of the transcontinental railroad? a. Union Pacific b. Erie c. Central Pacific d. Both A & C 32. Which of the following refers to a business strategy where a person buys out all parts of the production process to make 100% profit? a. Monopolization b. Vertical Integration c. Flooding the market d. None of the above 33. Which of the following was a piece of legislation passed in 1890 that made it illegal for businesses to form trusts that interfered with free trade between states or countries? a. Rockefeller/Carnegie Act b. Roosevelt Act c. Sherman Antitrust Act d. Monopolistic Act

34.

The man pictured above became one of America’s leading industrialists during the late 19th century and into the 20th century through the production of high quality steel. Who is he? a. J.P. Morgan b. Andrew Carnegie c. Cornelius Vanderbilt d. Henry Ford

35. Which of the following men is responsible for using the steam engine to successfully drill for oil? a. Henry Bessemer b. John D. Rockefeller c. Edwin L. Drake d. None of the above

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