Chapter 15 Power Point

January 15, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Performing Arts, Drama
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Musical Theatre Chapter 15

What You Will Learn 

Identify milestones in the development of the Broadway musical



Name composers of classic Broadway musicals



Analyze and evaluate a Broadway musical

Vocabulary 

Operettas



Broadway musical



Vaudeville



Dialogue



Repertoire



Monologue



Motive

Musician Profiles Alain Boublil Audra McDonald

Claude-Michel Schonberg

An Introduction to Musical theatre 

During the 1800’s the evolution of opera split 

Germany – lengthy heroic operas



Paris and Vienna – lighter more sentimental comic opera



Operettas:  stage



plays with songs and dance interspersed with spoken lines

The birth of the Broadway musical:  Operettas A

came to America and became the Broadway Musical:

dramatic stage form that combines the arts of acting and singing

 Uniquely

American  Forerunners include operettas, minstrel shows, and vaudeville:  An

early stage variety show that included songs, dances, and comedy skits

George M. Cohan 

One of the first composers of Broadway musical



His first hit show was Little Johnny Jones (1904)



“Give My Regards to Broadway,” a song from that show became a classic



It contained the first ever reference to Broadway as a synonym for musical theater

The Classic Broadway Musical 

In the 1920’s the musical continued to develop 

Emphasis on music but there was more emphasis on the story



Richer plot lines



More attention to dialogue:  The

spoken lines of a play or musical



George Gershwin – Lady Be Good



Jerome Kern – Show Boat



Cole Porter – Anything Goes



Before World War II musicals reflected optimism – good will win over evil



After World War II the musical further developed 

My Fair Lady – Lerner and Loewe



The Sound of Music – Rodgers and Hammerstein



West Side Story – Leonard Bernstein and Stephen Sondheim



These musicals added many songs to the repertoire: 



An inventory of compositions mastered and performed by a musician

During the latter part of the 20th century musicals began addressing darker more serious themes 

John Kander and Fred Ebb = Chicago and Cabaret

From Broadway to Hollywood 

West Side Story (1961) 



My Fair Lady (1964) 



Five Oscars, including Best Picture

Cabaret (1972) 



Eight Oscars, including Best Picture

The Sound of Music (1965) 



10 Oscars, including Best Picture

eight Oscars

Chicago (2002) 

six Oscars, including Best Picture

An International Trend 

Andrew Lloyd Webber

In the 1970’s British and French teams began contributing to musical theater 

Andrew Lloyd Webber – British  Cats,

Evita (with Tim Rice), The Phantom of the Opera



Elton John – British  The



Lion King and Aida, with Tim Rice

Claude-Michel Schonberg and Alain Boublil – French  Les

Miserables and Miss Saigon Tim Rice

Elton John

Assignment Activity 1, p. 345 

Investigate a Musical 

Select one of the musicals mentioned in this section, or choose another that you are interested in. Using reliable online and library resources, research the story and music of the show. Then complete the following: 

What is the musical about? Write a brief summary of the setting, characters, and basic plot. (10 points)



How would you characterize the music? Select one song from the musical and analyze how the song conveys something in the plot or a character’s emotions. What mood does the song portray? What message does the song convey? (10 points)

Musical theater Today 

Broadway musicals are still popular today



Both old and new can be seen



Audra McDonald (b. 1970) 

Born in Berlin, Germany



Attended Julliard



Won a 1994 Tony Award for Best Featured Actress in a Musical for Rodgers and Hammerstein’s Carousel



Also won Tonys for Master Class(1996), Ragtime(1998), and A Raisin in the Sun (2004)



Youngest actor to ever win three Tonys

Les Miserables 

One of the most popular musicals



Opened in London in 1985



Based on a novel by Victor Hugo written in 1862





Social commentary on the quality of life in France



Universal themes of human struggle, endurance, and redemption made it one of the best-selling books in history



Several 19th century, including Puccini, considered making it into an opera

In 1980 Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schonberg adapted the work into musical theatre

Activity 2 p. 347 “Prologue” CD 10:6 

How would you describe the dialogue between Javert and Valjean in the “Prologue”



Describe the differences in the quality of the voices based on the attitudes that the characters communicate through the music.



How does the composer use dynamics to intensify the drama?



Lyrics on p. 348

Activity 3, p. 349 “What Have I Done?” CD 10:7 

Monologue: 

A dramatic speech or song delivered by one character in a play



Make a list of the conflicts he is singing about.



How does the melody affect your thoughts about Valjean?



Do you think what he has done is forgivable? Why or why not?

Activity 4 p. 350 “I Dreamed a Dream” CD 10:8 

Which of the following best describes the melodic form of the song? 

AAAA/ AABA/ ABBA/ AABC  AABC

 

There are 3 distinct groupings of text that tell the story. Is the melody the same, different, or modified in each of the 3 texts? How does the song’s organization support the emotional content? 



The intro sets up Fantine’s story. The A sections describe he hopeful dreams. The darker B section foreshadows her downfall. The repeat of the A sections emphasizes her tragedy of her story.

Think of a single word that describes the pathos depicted in the song.

Activity 5, p. 352 “One Day More” video 

Determine how the addition of music enhanced the dram and messages being presented 



The accompaniment is tailored to each character’s expression yet builds toward the climax of the song in a unifying dramatic way

Why do you think the composer and lyricist chose to use this format to end the story in Act I? 

It reviews the characters’ place in the story as well as their emotional and character traits. It also sets up the action of Act II. The song is a dramatic and exciting way to end Act I.

Activity 6, p. 356 “On My Own” CD 10:9 

Lyrics p. 353



Which letter diagram best designates the melodic form of the song? 

AAAA/ AABB/ AABC/ AABA  AABA

Activity 7, p. 357 “Empty Chairs at Empty Tables” CD 10:10 

Motive 

A short musical idea that is easily remembered and helps unify a composition

Review - terms 

Broadway musical 



Dialogue 



Stage play with songs and dance interspersed with spoken lines

Repertoire 



A short musical idea that is easily remembered and helps unify a composition

Operettas 



A dramatic speech or song delivered by one character in a aplay

Motive 



The spoken lines of a play or musical show

Monologue 



A dramatic stage from that combines the arts of acting and singing

An inventory of compositions mastered and performed by a musician

Vaudeville 

An early stage form that combines the arts of acting and singing/

Les Miserables Who they were/what they sang

Character



Sings “I Dreamed a Dream”



Fantine



Central character in Les Miserables



Jean Valjean



Sings “On My Own”



Eponine



Cosette’s mother



Fantine



Sings “Empty Chairs at Empty Tables”



Marius



A police inspector



Javert



Sings “What Have I Done?”



Jean Valjean



Feels unrequited love for Marius



Eponine



Musicals of Andrew Lloyd Weber 

Jesus Christ Superstar



The Phantom of the Opera



Cats



Evita



Broadway singer and actor Audra McDonald won recognition in a revival of which Rodgers and Hammerstein classic 

Carousel



One of the first composers of Broadway musicals 



George M. Cohan

One composer who emerged during the 1920’s as a composer of Broadway musicals 

George Gershwin



The British composer who collaborated with Tim Rice to create The Lion King 



Elton John

French composers ClaudeMichel Schonberg and Alain Boublil wrote… 



West Side Story (1961) 



5 Oscars, including Best Picture

Cabaret (1972) 



8 Oscars, including Best Picture

The Sound of Music (1965) 



10 Oscars, including Best Picture

My Fair Lady (1964) 



Les Miserables

8 Oscars

Chicago (2002) 

6 Oscars, including Best Picture

What characteristics have made Les Miserables a popular and successful musical? 

Universal themes of human struggle



Endurance



Redemption



Drama of the plot



Emotional expression of the music

What were some of the entertainment forms that contributed to the development of the Broadway musical? How did the Broadway musical change over the years? 





Predecessors of the Broadway musical 

Comic operas



Operettas



Minstrel shows



Vaudeville

1920’s musicals 

Emphasis on music



Richer plotlines



Carefully scripted dialogue

After WWII 

Composer lyricist teams created classic musicals like My Fair Lady, The Sound of Music, and West Side Story



These musicals popularized show tunes



Musicals were mainly optimistic



During the latter part of the 20th century musicals began addressing more serious themes

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