Chapter 19 - Foreign and Defense Policy

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, International Relations
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Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman

Chapter 19 Foreign and Defense Policy

Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman

Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives Roots of U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy

LO 19.1: Trace the evolution U.S. foreign and defense policy.

The United States as a World Power

LO 19.2: Explain the developments that lead to the rise of the United States as a world power.

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Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives Foreign and Defense Policy Decision Making

LO 19.3: Outline that actors that shape foreign and defense policy decision making.

Contemporary Challenges in Foreign and Defense Policy

LO 19.4: Identify four contemporary foreign and defense policy challenges confronting the United States.

Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman

Chapter Outline and Learning Objectives Toward Reform: Rethinking American Power

LO 19.5: Evaluate the shift in thinking about American power that has occurred in recent decades.

Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing as Longman

Roots of U.S. Foreign and Defense Policy

LO 19.1: Trace the evolution of U.S. foreign and defense policy.

• • • •

Isolationism in the early republic Growing power and influence World War I and the League of Nations The interwar years

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LO 19.1

Isolationism in the Early Republic



• •

The Embargo Act of 1807 The War of 1812 The Monroe Doctrine of 1823

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LO 19.1

Growing Power and Influence • • •

Trade policy and commerce Expansionism and manifest destiny Dominance over the western hemisphere –



The Roosevelt Corollary of 1904

Interest in Asia –

The Spanish-American War

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LO 19.1

World War I and the League of Nations

• •

World War I League of Nations – –

Collective security Failure to pass the Treaty of Versailles

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LO 19.1

The Interwar Years • •

Disarmament Isolationism –

The Kellogg-Briand Pact

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LO 19.1

The United States’ growing interest in Asian affairs was the result of A. B. C. D. E.

the the the the the

attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. Spanish American War of 1898. Monroe Doctrine. League of Nations. Paris Peace Conference.

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LO 19.1

The United States’ growing interest in Asian affairs was the result of A. B. C. D. E.

the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. the Spanish American War of 1898. the Monroe Doctrine. the League of Nations. the Paris Peace Conference.

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The United States as a World Power LO 19.2: Explain the developments that led to the rise of the United States as a world power.

• • • • •

World War II and its aftermath The Cold War and containment Détente and human rights The Post-Cold War world The war on terrorism

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LO 19.2

World War II and Its Aftermath • •

The U.S.  internationalism Bretton Woods System – – –

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) The World Bank The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT)

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LO 19.2

The Cold War and Containment •

Containment – – –



The Truman Doctrine The Marshall Plan North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)

The Cold War – –

Latin American: The Cuban Missile Crisis The Vietnam War

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LO 19.2

Détente and Human Rights •

Nixon and detente – –

• • •

The “China card” The SALT agreements

Carter and human rights The Reagan Doctrine Afghanistan

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LO 19.2

The Post-Cold War World • •

Operation Desert Storm Clinton and enlargement – –

Economic: The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) Political

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LO 19.2

The War on Terrorism •



September 11 and the war in Afghanistan The war in Iraq

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LO 19.2

Enlargement was a foreign policy objective of ___________. A. B. C. D. E.

Clinton Reagan Carter Nixon Bush II

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LO 19.2

Enlargement was a foreign policy objective of ___________. A. B. C. D. E.

Clinton Reagan Carter Nixon Bush II

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Foreign and Defense Policy Decision Making

LO 19.3: Outline the actors that shape foreign and defense policy decision making.

• •

The Constitution The Executive Branch –

The President • The National Security Council – The Departments of State, Defense, and Homeland Security – The Intelligence community

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LO 19.3

Congress • • • • •

Oversight Treaties and executive agreements Appointments – weakly exercised Appropriations The War Powers Act

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LO 19.3

Interest Groups Other actors can become active in foreign policy decision-making • The military industrial complex • News media, which acts as a filter • Public opinion, interest, and action • Nongovernmental organizations

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LO 19.3

All of the following officials or bodies tend play a decisive role in foreign policy EXCEPT A. B. C. D. E.

Congress The president The Department of State The Supreme Court The intelligence community

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LO 19.3

All of the following officials or bodies tend play a decisive role in foreign policy EXCEPT A. B. C. D. E.

Congress The president The Department of State The Supreme Court The intelligence community

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Contemporary Challenges in Foreign and Defense Policy LO 19.4: Identify four foreign and defense policy challenges confronting the United States.

• • • •

Trade Immigration and border security Terrorism Nuclear weapons

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LO 19.4

Trade • •

Free trade system Making trade policy – –



NAFTA WTO

The Case of China – – –

1949-1979 economic isolation The U.S.-China bilateral trade agreement (1979) 2001 China joins WTO

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LO 19.4

Immigration and Border Security •

Making immigration policy – – –



Open door policy Restrictive quotas Border blockades

The case of Mexico

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LO 19.4

Terrorism •

Making counterterrorism policy – – – –



Diplomacy – get other states on board Military power Economic power Covert operations

The case of Al-Qaeda

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LO 19.4

Nuclear Weapons •

Making arms proliferation policy – – – – –



disarmament arms control denial defensive weapons counterproliferation

The case of North Korea –

The International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA)

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Which of the following is a foreign policy strategy to deal with nuclear proliferation? A. B. C. D. E.

LO 19.4

The open door policy Free trade agreements Defensive weapons systems Covert operations Border blockades

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Which of the following is a foreign policy strategy to deal with nuclear proliferation? A. B. C. D. E.

LO 19.4

The open door policy Free trade agreements Defensive weapons systems Covert operations Border blockades

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Toward Reform: Rethinking American Power

LO 19.5: Evaluate the shift in thinking about American power that has occurred in recent decades.



Unilateralism – – –



The United States emerged from the Cold War as the world’s dominant power. It was able to act unilaterally. Lengthy wars in Iraq and Afghanistan and a struggling global economy weaken it.

Multilateralism – –

China is primary challenger and a potential partner League of Democracies

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LO 19.5

The U.S. became the world’s major superpower after ___________. A. B. C. D. E.

WWII Vietnam WWI 9/11 the end of the Cold War

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LO 19.5

The U.S. became the world’s major superpower after ___________. A. B. C. D. E.

WWII Vietnam WWI 9/11 the end of the Cold War

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Figure 19.1: How has defense spending changed over time?

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Figure 19.2: Who are the United States’ major trading partners?

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