Chapter 4, Lesson 3

January 8, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Law, Constitutional Law
Share Embed Donate

Short Description

Download Chapter 4, Lesson 3...


Chapter 4: Lesson 3 A New Parliamentary system  1764-1784: __________________along with the

__________________and some __________________ wanted a legislative assembly  Wanted the __________________to exercise more power

 November 24, 1784 a document was sent to the British

Crown  “The Humble Petition of Your Majasty’s Ancient and

New Subjects Inhabitants of the Province of Quebec”

 1791 London __________________to the demands and

passed the Constitutional Act

Constitutional Act 1791  In an effort to satisfy __________________, but also

protect the rights of the __________________.  The Province of Quebec was divided into two distinct territories:  __________________

 __________________

 Each of the new colonies was granted a





•Lake Ontario to lake Superior (present day – Southern Ontario) •20 000 English-speaking Loyalists.

•St. Lawrence valley – north to Labrador •160 000 (90% French-speaking)


British Civil and Criminal Law

French Civil Law and British Criminal Law

Form of Government Religion Land distribution system

A parliamentary system with Legislative Assembly for both Upper Canada and Lower Canada Religious freedom for both Upper Canada and Lower Canada Township system

Existing Seigneuries kept, new land would be townships.

Lower Canada

Great Britain

Political Organization of Lower Canada 1791 (p. 9) British Government Colonial Secretary Governor General Executive Council

Legislative Council Legislative Assembly (“The House”) The Voters (Population)

Political Institutions in 1791 – due to launch of parliamentary system Institutions


Governor General (LC) Lieutenant Governor (UC)

•Leader of government •Convene legislative Assembly at least once a year •Could dissolve assembly •Power of veto – submit directly to King •Appointed and directed civil servants •Leader of military

One person in each Canada, appointed by the King of England

Executive Council

•Oversaw application of law •Government’s budget (civil service salaries, public works, etc)

Nine members in each Canada, appointed for life by the Governor

Legislative Council

•Propose motions of law to Legislative assembly •Veto laws enacted by Legislative assembly

At least 15 members in each Canada, appointed for life by the Governor

•Propose motions of law, discuss •Voted on motions proposed by legislative council •Voted on taxes needed to run colony

At least 50 representatives in each Canada, elected by the population for a fouryear term.

Legislative Assembly

Number of individuals

The Process of Enacting a Law 1791 Legislative Assembly

 Legislative Council  Governor General  Executive Council  Population

Today Executive Council (Departmental Ministers)  House of Commons  Senate  Cabinet  Population

 The Elections  1791 – right to vote had conditions  

_________________________________ _________________________________(live in Great Britain or one of its colonies) Own __________________________________________

 Gaps in the Parliamentary system of 1791  __________________________ – Governor was able to veto any bills  Members of _____________________and _____________________has far-reaching powers, but were not elected. 

Were chosen by __________________, and for most part were __________________.

 The Executive Council, although responsible for the colony’s

budget, were not _____________________________________.  Britain wanted to give ________________________(avoid something like the American Revolution)  Elected Representatives were not dumb, and ordered for more power.

Workbook Assignment

Please complete Pages 112 - 114

View more...


Copyright � 2017 NANOPDF Inc.