Chapter 4 Study Guide

April 11, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, Europe (1815-1915), Industrial Revolution
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Chapter 4 Study Guide The Northeast Concepts to know: Glaciers are huge, slow moving pieces of ice that moved across parts of the Northeast and reshaped its landscape. The Appalachian Mountains are a physical feature found in the Northeast. Granite is a product found in stone quarries in the Northeast. England settled the first colonies in the 1600s. Immigrants came to the Northeast to have a better life. New York City, New York, had the largest immigration center in the United States in the early 1900s. A primary source is a record of an event by someone who participated in the event or saw it happen. An example would be a photograph taken at the event. Know how to read a time line. Know where the following Northeastern states are located on a map. Connecticut Delaware Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey New York Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont

People to know: The Iroquois formed the first confederation in North America. Deganawida came up with a plan for peace for the Iroquois tribes.

Henry Hudson was an English explorer who explored the Northeast coast. George Washington led the American army during the American Revolution. Thomas Edison opened the world’s first electric power plant during the Industrial Revolution. Katharine Lee Bates wrote “America the Beautiful.”

Short answer: Know how glaciers shaped the Northeast. Glaciers scraped away soil and formed basins, which later filled in with water to become lakes. Also, glaciers scraped away enough topsoil in the northern coastal areas to leave poor, rocky soil behind. Know why only Native Americans lived in the Northeast in the 1500s. European explorers and settlers had not arrived yet. Know how a harbor and a port are related. A harbor is a protected area that allows ships to dock safely, and many ports may be located in harbors. Know a cause and effect of the American Revolution. Cause-colonists became angry because Britain made them pay high taxes. Effect-the United States became an independent country. Know changes that occurred during the Industrial Revolution. 1-machines powered by steam replaced machines powered by water. 2-electric power plants provided electricity for homes and factories. 3-electricity let to the spread of new inventions like the telephone and light bulb. Know what caused Northeastern cities to become crowded during the 1800s and early 1900s. Millions of immigrants arrived in the United States, and many stayed to work in the factories in the Northeast.

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