Chapter Nine: Jacksonian America

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, Revolution And Post-Independence (1775-1820), Revolutionary War
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Alan Brinkley, AMERICAN HISTORY 13/e Chapter Nine: Jacksonian America

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

Introduction  De Tocqueville  Equality of Opportunity

2

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Rise of Mass Politics  Jackson’s Inauguration

Andrew Jackson Travels to Washington (Library of Congress) 3

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Rise of Mass Politics – The Expanding Electorate  Broadening the Franchise  The Dorr Rebellion  Democratic Reforms

Participation in Presidential Elections, 1824-1860 4

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Rise of Mass Politics – The Legitimization of Party  The Second Party System

– “President of the Common Man”  The Spoils System  Limited Nature of Democratic Reform

“To the victors belong the spoils.” William L. Marcy 5

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

“Our Federal Union” – Calhoun and Nullification  Calhoun’s Theory of Nullification

John C. Calhoun (Library of Congress) 6

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

“Our Federal Union” – The Rise of Van Buren  Martin Van Buren

Martin Van Buren (Library of Congress) 7

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

“Our Federal Union” – The Webster-Hayne Debate  States’ Rights Versus National Power

“Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” Daniel Webster

8

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

“Our Federal Union” – The Nullification Crisis  Compromise

“Our Federal Union - It must be preserved.” Andrew Jackson

“The Union - next to our Liberty most dear.” John Calhoun

9

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Removal of the Indians – White Attitudes Toward the Tribes  Changing Attitudes Toward the Indians

– The Black Hawk War  Sauk and Fox Indians Defeated Black Hawk (Library of Congress) 10

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Removal of the Indians – The “Five Civilized Tribes”  Agrarian Tribes of the South (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Chickasaw, and Choctaw)

 Removal Act  Cherokee Resistance

11

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Removal of the Indians – Trails of Tears  Cherokee Removal  Indian Removal  The Seminole War

– The Meaning of Removal  Alternatives to Removal

12

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America

The Expulsion of the Tribes, 1830-1835 13

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

Jackson and the Bank War  Jackson’s Opposition to Concentrated Power

Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress) 14

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

Jackson and the Bank War – Biddle’s Institution  Nicholas Biddle  Hard and Soft Money  Jackson’s Veto

Henry Clay (Portrait Gallery) 15

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America

The Election of 1832 16

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

Jackson and the Bank War – The “Monster” Destroyed  Removal of Government Deposits  Jackson Victorious

– The Taney Court  Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge

17

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Changing Face of American Politics  Birth of the Whig Party

– Democrats and Whigs  Democrats’ Emphasis on Opportunity  Whigs’ Call for Economic Union  Anti-Masons  Cultural Issues  Clay’s American System  Election of 1836 18

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Changing Face of American Politics – Van Buren and the Panic of 1837  Distribution Act  Panic of 1837  Independent Treasury

– The Log Cabin Campaign  New Techniques of Political Campaigning William Henry Harrison (Library of Congress) 19

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

The Changing Face of American Politics – The Frustration of the Whigs  Whigs Break with Tyler

– Whig Diplomacy  The Caroline Affair  Aroostook War  Webster-Ashburton Treaty  Treaty of Wang Hya

20

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Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America 

Conclusion  Jackson’s Legacy

Andrew Jackson (Library of Congress) 21

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America Where Historians Disagree:

The Age of Jackson

22

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Chapter Nine:

Jacksonian America Patterns of Popular Culture:

The Penny Press

The First Extra (Print Collection, Miriam and Ira D. Wallach Division, New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation) 23

© 2010, The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.

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