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Animal Farm Chapters 1-5 Review
Who does Old Major parallel in Russian history?
Karl Marx or Vladimir Lenin Marx was the original revolutionist, like Old Major. Their ideas inspired others to rebel. Lenin’s body was put on display in Red Square of Moscow like Old Major’s skull was displayed at the foot of the flagstaff next to the gun in Chapter 5.
Question Who is Farmer Jones in the Russian Revolution?
Czar Nicholas II Both were poor leaders, leaving for periods of time and treating their people (animals) poorly.
Question In Chapter 1, Mr. Jones takes his gun and shoots it 6 times into the darkness after Old Major incites the animals to rebel. What is this like in Russian history?
Bloody Sunday (Revolution of 1905)
Czar Nicholas II shot at the people who were petitioning for more food and rights on Jan. 22nd, 1905 at the Winter Palace in St. Petersburg.
Question Who is Napoleon in the Russian Revolution?
Joseph Stalin Napoleon and Stalin were ruthless dictators who became worse leaders than their predecessors, Farmer Jones and Czar Nicholas II.
Question Who is Snowball in the Russian Revolution?
Leon Trotsky Both were original revolutionaries. Trotsky was the leader and the hero of the Red Army, just like Snowball was the leader and the hero of the Battle of Cowshed.
Also… Snowball gets kicked off of Animal Farm by Napoleon like Trotsky gets exiled from Russia by Stalin. Both were more intelligent than Stalin and Napoleon. Both were made out to be traitors.
Question Who are the pigs in the Russian Revolution?
The Intelligentsia They were the educated Russians. They encouraged others to rebel.
Who does Boxer parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The Proletariat or the Working Class The proletariat were the uneducated and easily manipulated people who only wanted more land and an end to the war. Most of the animals were uneducated and wanted to be free from the clutches of Man.
Question What is Animalism in the Russian Revolution?
Marxism, Communism, and / or Socialism
All promoted an equal, classless society
Also…The Beasts of England is like…
the song, The Communist Internationale. They are both the anthems that favored an equal and bright future for all.
Question What do Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The Russian Orthodox Church All provided hope for the people / animals. Stalin and the pigs were threatened by these ideas. The church was dejected, just like Sugarcandy Mountain and Moses were.
Question What does the overthrow of Farmer Jones parallel in the Russian Revolution?
The February Revolution The people and the animals were starving and decided to riot. Czar Nicholas II and Farmer Jones were both overthrown.
Question Who does Mollie represent in the Russian Revolution?
The Bourgeoisie and possibly the White Army Mollie was the upper middle working class. Neither were in favor of the revolution because luxuries would be lost. Mollie actually leaves the farm, but she is never heard from again. Did she join the White Army?
Question Who is Squealer in the Russian Revolution?
The Media He represents Stalin’s ideas via the newspaper and media outlets. Using propaganda, the media manipulated the Russian people and took advantage of their low intelligence.
Question Manor Farm, later Animal Farm, parallels which place?
Russia and / or the USSR USSR stands for the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, aka the Soviet Union.
Question What type of propaganda is used here? “ ‘Our sole object in taking these things (milk and apples) is to promote our health.’”
Bad Logic Bad logic- An argument based on false premises The pigs don’t really need milk and apples to promote their health. They are just being selfish.
Question What type of propaganda is being used here? “ ‘ Milk and apples (this has been proved by Science, comrades) contain substances absolutely necessary to the well being of a pig.’”
Transference and / or Bad Logic
Squealer is trying to transfer the authority of science to his argument that the pigs need the milk and apples. Bad logic because this just doesn’t really make sense.
Question What kind of propaganda is being used here? “ ‘ We pigs are the brainworkers.’”
Loaded Words or Stereotyping “Brainworkers” is a loaded word, creating a certain reaction in the animals. It is also stereotyping the pigs as the smartest of the animals.
Question What kind of propaganda is being used here? “ ‘ Day and night we are watching over your welfare. It is for your sake that we drink that milk and eat those apples.’”
Bad logic It is not for the animals’ sakes that the pigs eat the apples and drink the milk. They do it because they are selfish.
Question What kind of propaganda is used here? “ ‘Do you know what would happen if we pigs failed in our duty? Jones would come back!’”
Fear Squealer is taking advantage of the animals’ fears that Jones will come back. Things will go back to the way they were before if they don’t listen to the pigs.
Question What kind of propaganda is used here? “ ‘…surely there is no one among you who wants to see Jones come back?’”
Fear and Bandwagon Fear about Jones coming back Bandwagon because Squealer says they should all feel this way
Question Snowball and Napoleon try to stir up ideas of rebellion to neighbouring farm animals. What is this like in the Russian Revolution?
Lenin spreading his ideas before he and the Bolsheviks take over
Lenin told the people what they wanted to hear…he could get them land and stop the war
Question Who is Pilkington and what is his farm, Foxwood, in the Russian Revolution?
Winston Churchill of England He is a combination of all the leaders of England.
Question Who is Mr. Frederick and his farm, Pinchfield?
Adolf Hitler of Germany He, like Frederick, was a “tough, shrewd” man who didn’t get along with many.
Question What kind of propaganda is being used here? Frederick and Pilkington “began to talk of the terrible wickedness that now flourished on Animal Farm.”
Demonizing the Enemy Animal Farm is being described as worthless and immoral because they are the enemy of these 2 men.
Question When Jones and his men come back in Chapter 4 to try to retake their farm, what is this compared to in Russian history? (This is the Battle of the Cowshed.)
The October Revolution This is when the Bolsheviks, and the pigs, solidify their presence and their status on the farm and in the country. Both were expected to occur.
Question What is the symbol that is used to represent and remember the victory at the Battle of Cowshed?
The gun at the foot of the flagstaff
It would be fired “twice a year, once on the anniversary of the Battle of the Cowshed, and once on Midsummer Day, the anniversary of the Rebellion.”
Question Who are Clover, Benjamin, and Muriel most like in the Russian Revolution?
The are most like the intelligentsia
They are smart enough to figure out what is going on, but they choose not to get involved.
Question Snowball and Napoleon disagree about the building of the windmill. What is this similar to in history?
The 5 year plans Trotsky wanted to develop Russia’s industry. His 5 year plans were stolen by Stalin, like Napoleon stole Snowball’s plans for the windmill at the end of Chapter 5.
Question What kind of propaganda is being used here? “Snowball conjured up pictures of fantastic machines which would do their work for them while they grazed at their ease…”
Glittering Generalities Creating an illusion on no particular grounds
Question Napoleon uses what kind of propaganda here? “Napoleon argued that the great need of the moment was to increase food production, and that if they wasted time on the windmill they would all starve to death.”
Fear Like Stalin, Napoleon favored agriculture and wanted to scare the animals into believing they would die if they didn’t follow him.
Question In addition to fighting over the windmill, what were Snowball and Napoleon’s views on the defence of the farm?
They disagreed about war. Napoleon wanted to get firearms and train all to use them. Snowball said weapons would not be necessary if rebellions occurred everywhere. They would have no need to defend themselves with weapons.
Didn’t the Russian people want the end to war? Yes. This is ironic because this is probably what Napoleon and Stalin both really wanted. Yet they used a platform of peace to become a leader.
Question Why do you think Napoleon did not exile Snowball sooner?
He wanted to steal his ideas for the windmill.
Just like Stalin, Napoleon wanted to use Trotsky until his brains were no longer necessary.
Question Who are the puppies of Jessie and Bluebell that are being “educated” by Napoleon compared to in Russian society?
The KGB, or secret police They were trained to carry out Stalin’s dirty work. As grown dogs, they force Snowball into exile, as the KGB had a role in Trotsky’s exile and assassination, too.
Question How is Napoleon becoming a dictator?
Many things: No more Sunday meetings A special committee of pigs, run by Napoleon, would make all decisions. Animals would only receive orders and salute the flag on Sunday mornings.
In the upcoming chapters, watch for these things: the problems the farm will encounter, especially with the windmill the arrival of Mr. Whymper the changes to the 7 commandments
Also, watch for… the business arrangements between Napoleon, Frederick, and Pilkington how Snowball is involved the hens rebellion
And don’t forget to read… Chapter 7- the best (and most brutal) chapter of them all, in my opinion The sale of the timber The Battle of the Windmill Make sure you know what all of these are in history!
And finally… Boxer’s decline The return of Sugarcandy mountain The meeting between Napoleon, Pilkington, and Frederick
Chapters 5-10 These chapters are post Russian Revolution, but they still parallel Russian history. Happy reading!