Contraception PPT

January 21, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Immunology
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SOCIAL / PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY CONTRACEPTION CHOICES C. Davis

OBJECTIVES: 9.ICR.2.1 – Critique skills and strategies that are used to promote abstinence from sexual activity in terms of their effectiveness. 9.ICR.2.2 – Explain the consequences of early and unprotected sexual behaviors. . 9.ICR.3.4 – Exemplify decision- making skills and problem solving regarding safe and effective use of methods to prevent unintended pregnancy

WHAT IS CONTRACEPTION ? 1st it is not a method to reduce STIs. They work in a variety of ways

Device – or action used to prevent pregnancy and it can be chemical

VOCABULARY Abstinence –  Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) Antibodies –  Casual Contact –  Epidemic –  Hemophiliac –  High Risk Behavior 

VOCABULARY Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) –  Syringes –  T- helper cells –  Transfusion –  Transmitted –  Vaccine –  Monogamous marriage –  Bacteria –  Virus 

ABSTINENCE NO SEX

A

Method: Total Abstinence Category: Abstinence Description: No sexual activity Effectiveness %: 100 % How do you obtain this? Possible side effects: N/A None / No STI’s Other: This is the only 100% effective method of birth

control ***** NO STI’s

REASONS TO BE ABSTINENT ACTIVITY GET IN A GROUP OF 4 AROUND YOU- TALK ABOUT THIS & GIVE AT LEAST 6 REASONS PER TOPIC Personal Reasons:

Relationship Reasons:

Health Reasons:

Pill

Method: Pill

Category: Chemical Description: A pill composed of synthetic hormones that stops the ovary from releasing an egg (prevents ovulation) Effectiveness %: 99%

How to obtain this?: See gynecologist or family planning clinic. Must have a prescription. Possible side effects: Nausea, weight gain, spotting dangerous –over 35 years & a smoker. Possibility: STI

Spermicidal foams jellies and creams

Method: Spermicidal foams, Jellies & Creams Category: Chemical Description: These act as a physical barrier and contains a sperm – killing chemical. (Best used with a condom). ( Placed in the female’s vagina to kill to kill sperm- cannot get into the uterus) Effectiveness % - 78% - 85% ( alone) How do you obtain this? Drug store, supermarket over – the counter Possible side effects: Irritation

Other: Used every time – inserted deep in the vagina area **** NO STD protection

Condom

Method: Condom Category: Mechanical

Description: Placed over an erect penis. It prevents semen from entering the vagina. ( used with spermicidal –foam ) Effectiveness %; 90 – 98 % - Alone 95 – 98% - Spermicidal Condom How do you obtain this? Drugstore, supermarket over –the counter Possible side effects: Slight possibility of breakage or leakage. Allergic

Other: Allergic to natural rubber or latex. If condom has come into contact with oil in any form: baby oil, mineral oil, petroleum jelly = Oil rots rubber. * * * Offers some protection against – STI’S

Diaphragm

Method: Diaphragm Category: Mechanical

Description: Large rubber cap which covers the cervix – Must be used with spermicide Effectiveness %: 87 – 95% How do you obtain this? See a gynecologist or family planning clinic for fitting and directions for use

Possible side effects: Irritation Other: Latex or natural rubber – sensitivity * * * NO STI protection

PATCH

Method: Patch Category: Mechanical & Chemical

Description: Change every week –worn on the skin. Contains hormones – prevents eggs from ripening in the ovaries. ( wears for 3 weeks off 1 week for menstrual period) Effectiveness %: 92-99%

How do you obtain this? See gynecologist or health clinic –need a prescription Possible side effects: Headache, bleeding between menstrual cycles

Other: Not recommended for women over 35 years who smoke

* * * NO STI protection

IUD – T- 388

Method: T-388 ( IUD) Category: Mechanical

Description: Looks like a T , plastic device. Prevents egg from attaching to wall of uterus. Effectiveness % : 98 % - 99 % How do you obtain this? – See gynecologist check after 1st menstrual period – 1time a year. Possible side effects: Irregular bleeding, abdominal pain, nausea & headache Other: *** NO STI Protection

Depo Provera

Method: Depo Provera CATegory: Chemical

Description: An injection (shot) containing hormones that prevent pregnancy -3 months prevents eggs from ripening in the ovaries. Effectiveness% - 98% - 99% How do you obtain effects: Must see a doctor. Possible side effects: Bleeding, headache Other: ( NO STI protection )

Nuva Ring

Method: Nuva Ring Category: Chemical & Mechanical

Description: Vaginal ring which contains hormones that prevent the eggs from ripening in the ovaries. ( left for 3 weeks the taken out 1 week for menstrual period –new one put in) Effectiveness % - 98 % -99 % How to obtain this?: See a doctor Possible side effects: Break through bleeding Other: * * * No STI protection

Vasectomy

Method: Vasectomy Category: Mechanical Description: The Vas Deference is cut & tied. No sperm in the semen. The operation takes usually 15 to 20 minutes and is performed by a urologist. Effectiveness % - 99%

How do you obtain this?: See a urologist Possible side effects: Initial discomfort at the site of surgery. ( Rest a few days)

Other: See doctor & Pathologist will check to to see everything –ok * * * * NO STI Protection

Tubal Ligation

Method: Tubal Ligation Category: Mechanical

Description: The fallopian tubes are cut & Tied or clamped. The egg cannot be fertilized by the sperm. Effectiveness % - 99 % How to obtain this?: See a gynecologist. This procedure usually requires general anesthesia and a brief hospital stay. Possible Side Effects: Initial Discomfort.

Other: Menstruation still occurs

* * * No STI PROTECTION

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