Critical Reflections on Reflective Practice

January 15, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, Government
Share Embed Donate

Short Description

Download Critical Reflections on Reflective Practice...


Critical Reflections on Reflective Practice Stephen Brookfield Distinguished University Professor University of St. Thomas Minneapolis-St. Paul

Being Reflective • A premature ultimate – its invocation stops further analysis & questioning • In many mission/vision statements • Broad agreement on process – identifying & checking assumptions • Implementation changes depending on intellectual tradition most influential

Reflection On What? For What? • On Making Technique More Effective & Productive? • On Solving Organizational Problems in the Delivery of Services? Is this the “Instrumentalization of Reason” / “One Dimensional Thought”? • How Reflection is Conceived & Practiced Depends on the Intellectual Tradition One Works Within

Critically Reflective Traditions …. • ANALYTIC PHILOSOPHY – logical fallacies, argument analysis – inductive, deductive, analogical, inferential • NATURAL SCIENCE – hypothetical-deductive method, principle of falsifiability • CRITICAL THEORY – uncovering power dynamics & ideological manipulation • PRAGMATISM – experimental pursuit of beautiful consequences (democracy)

Core Assumptions of Critical Theory • Society organized to make permanent inequity appear normal, a natural state of affairs • Perception of normality created & disseminated via dominant ideology • Point of theory is to illuminate as a prompt to action

What Does it Mean to Be Critically Reflective? Five Tasks Pursued Experimentally • Understand better how power operates – its dynamics, its ethical use & abuse in relationships, work & community • Detect ideological manipulation • Recognize & challenge hegemony • Be alert to how repressive tolerance neutralizes challenges to the system • Practice democracy

Understanding Power • • • • • • • •

Researching use of positional power Understanding team / client dynamics CRITICAL INCIDENT QUESTIONNAIRE Most engaged moment Most distanced moment Most helpful action Most puzzling action What surprised you most

IDEOLOGICAL MANIPULATION • How ideology is embedded in microactions & everyday decisions … • Depression – patriarchy • Micro-aggressions: racial & gender • Political participation – “they’re all the same”, “everything’s fixed”, “mustn’t grumble”

Detecting Hegemony • Enthusiastic embrace of actions & beliefs that harm us & serve the interests of others ….

VOCATION • “Killing me softly” • PATRIARCHY • CAPITALISM – organizations that prosper do so because they are ‘fitter’, ‘leaner’, smarter

Repressive Tolerance (Marcuse) • Include enough challenge to the system to neutralize it – presenting an organizationally diverse public face • Diversifying curriculum as smorgasbord – mainstream always defines the norm • Ideology of democratic tolerance – flattening of discussion when all experiences & viewpoints are considered equally valid

PRACTICING DEMOCRACY • Decisions after inclusive conversation • Decision making processes represent interests of those most affected (Parecon – Albert) • Resources stewarded & used for the benefit of the widest number of people, the ‘common good’ (Bill Shankly) • Negotiation of shared interest – collective interest privileged over private interest

Resources • • • The Power of Critical Theory (2004) Jossey-Bass/Open University Press • Learning as a Way of Leading (2008) (w/Stephen Preskill) Jossey-Bass/Wiley • Radicalizing Learning (2010) (w/ John Holst) JosseyBass/Wiley • Teaching for Critical Thinking (2012) Jossey-Bass/Wiley • Powerful Techniques for Teaching Adults (2013) JosseyBass/Open University Press

View more...


Copyright � 2017 NANOPDF Inc.