Diamond, How Good a Democracy is the US

February 2, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, Government
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Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Rates the comparative state of democracy around the globe based on five categories: •

Electoral Process and Pluralism



Functioning of Government



Political Participation



Political Culture



Civil Liberties

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index •

Based on 60 indicators grouped into five categories



Uses combination of dichotomous and threepoint scoring systems to create values for each indicator –

Employs wide range of public opinion surveys and sources, including: • • • •

World Values Survey Gallup polls Euro-, Afro-, Asian, and Latin American Barometer reports Various national surveys

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Electoral Process and Pluralism •

Example: Are elections for the national legislature and head of government free? – Considers whether elections are competitive in that electors are free to vote and are offered a range of choices. EIU Scores 1: Unrestricted conditions for presentation of candidates (i.e. no bans on major parties) 0.5: Some restrictions on electoral process 0: Single-party system or major impediments to electoral process (i.e. ban on major party or candidate)

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Electoral Process and Pluralism •

Are elections for the national legislature and head of government free?



Are municipal elections both free and fair?



Is there universal suffrage for all adults?



Can citizens cast their vote free of significant threats to their security from state or non-state bodies?



Are citizens free to form political parties that are independent of the government?



Following elections, are the constitutional mechanisms for the orderly transfer of power from one government to another clear, established and accepted?

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Functioning of Government •

Do freely elected representatives determine government policy?



Is there an effective system of checks and balances on the exercise of government authority?



Is government free of undue influence by the military or other security services?



Is the functioning of government open and transparent, with sufficient public access to information?



How pervasive is corruption?



How confident is the public in public servants and political parties?

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Political Participation and Political Culture •

What percent of the eligible population votes?



Do minorities have reasonable autonomy and voice in the political process?



Is there sufficient societal consensus to underpin stable, functioning democracy?



Do authorities make a serious effort to promote political participation?

Economist Intelligence Unit Democracy Index Civil Liberties •

Is there free print and electronic media?



Do institutions provide citizens with opportunity to successfully petition government to redress grievances?



Is the judiciary independent from outside influence?



Is there widespread religious freedom and tolerance?



Are all citizens protected equally under the law?



Is private property protected and business free from undue government influence?

Overall Democracy Score Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10 9

8

EUI Score

7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0

9.8

9.52

9.22 8.34

8.11

8.08

8.06

7.79

7.54

7.3

7.12

7.12

Overall Democracy Score - Selected Countries Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10

9.8 9.22

9

8.34

8.11

8

7.79

7.54

Overall EIU Score

7

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States

South Africa

Chile

Electoral Process 10

10

Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10

9.58

9.58 9.17 8.75

9

8

7

EUI Score

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States

South Africa

Chile

Functioning of Government Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10

9.64 8.93

9

8.21 8

8.21

8.57

7.5

7

EUI Score

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States

South Africa

Chile

Political Participation 10

10

Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011

9

7.78

8

7.22

7.22

6.67

7

EUI Score

6

5

3.89

4 3

2 1 0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

Political Culture Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10

9.38

9.38

9

8.13

8.13

8

7

6.25

6.25

EUI Score

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

Civil Liberties 10

10

Economist Intelligence Unit - Democracy Index 2011 10

9.41

9.12 9

8.53

8.53

United States

South Africa

8

7

EUI Score

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

Chile

Complete EIU Governance Scores 10

10 10 10 9.8 9.64 9.38

9

10 9.22

10 9.38

9.58

9.58 9.12

8.93 8.34 8.21

8.13

7.78

8

7

9.41

9.17

8.11

8.53 8.13 7.5 7.22

8.75

8.57

8.53

8.21 7.79 7.22

7.54

6.67 6.25

6.25 Overall Democracy Score

EIU Score

6

Electoral Process 5

3.89

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

Functioning of Government Political Participation Political Culture

The State of American Democracy Economist Intelligence Unit – Democracy Index 2011 10

9.17 9

8.53 8.13

8.11 8

7.5

7.22

7

EIU Score

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Overall Electoral Process Democracy Score

Functioning of Government

Political Participation

Political Culture

Civil Liberties

World Justice Project Rule of Law Index Comprehensive measurement of the extent to which countries adhere to practical rule of law across 66 countries based on eight dimensions: •

Limited government powers



Absence of corruption



Order and security



Fundamental rights



Open government



Effective regulatory enforcement



Access to civil justice



Effective criminal justice

WJP Rule of Law Index Limited Government | Absence of Corruption 10

9.1

9.1

9

8.5

8.6 8.1

8.3 7.8

8

7.7

7.3

7.3

7

Component Score

6.2

6.1

6

Limited Government Powers Absence of Corruption

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States

South Africa

Chile

WJP Rule of Law Index Order and Security | Fundamental Rights 10

9.3 9

9

8.8

8.7 8.3

8.4

8.6

8

7.4

7.3

Component Score

7

6.5

6

6.7

5.5

5

Order and Security

4

Fundamental Rights

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

WJP Rule of Law Index Open Government | Effective Regulatory Enforcement 10 9 8

8.6 7.4

7.6

7.8

7.7 7.3

Component Score

7

7.2

7 6.3 6.4

6

5.6

5.9

5

Open Government

4

Effective Regulatory Enforcement

3 2 1 0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

WJP Rule of Law Index Access to Civil Justice | Effective Criminal Justice 10 9

8.6 8.1

7.9 7.8

8

7.4 6.9

6.7

7

Component Score

6.3 6

6.5 6 5.6

5.9

5

Access to Civil Justice

4

Effective Criminal Justice

3 2 1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States South Africa

Chile

WJP Rule of Law Index Average of Component Scores 10

9

8.65 7.95

8

8.04

Average Component Score

7.30 6.78

7

5.93

6

5

4

3

2

1

0

Norway

Australia

Germany

United States

South Africa

Chile

The State of American Democracy WJP Rule of Law Global Percentile Ranking 100 90 80

76

82

80 74

77 71

68

Percentile Ranking

70

70

60 50

US Global Percentile Ranking

40 30 20 10

0 Limited Government

Absence of Corruption

Order and Security

Fundamental Rights

Open Government

Effective Access to Civil Regulatory Justice Enforcement

Effective Criminal Justice

View more...

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