Edci 5035 Erikson presentation

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Psychology, Developmental Psychology
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Karina Bober Marisa Thibodeau Ashley Campbell

Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development


Stage 1 of 8: Infancy 

Birth to 18 months

Basic trust vs. Mistrust


Emphasis on parents’ nurturing ability and care for the child

Maladaptation: sensory distortion, withdrawal


Stage 2 of 8: Toddler / Early Childhood 

18 months to 3 years

Autonomy vs. Shame


Opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as child learns new skills and right from wrong

If well-cared for, the child will carry themselves with pride rather than shame

Maladaptation: impulsivity, compulsion


Stage 3 of 8: Preschooler 

3 to 5 years

Initiative vs. Guilt


Children exhibit a desire to copy adults, create play situations, make up stories, play out roles, etc.

Oepedial struggle which is resolved through social role identification

Child experiences guilt if frustrated over natural desires and goals

Most significant relationship is with the basic family

Maladaptation: ruthlessness, inhibition

Example of children trying different roles or making up stories


Stage 4 of 8: School age child 

6 to12 years

Industry vs. Inferiority


Children are capable of learning new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry

A very social stage; Problems with competence and self-esteem if the child experiences unresolved feelings of inadequacy/inferiority among our peers

Most significant relationship is with school and neighborhood, and less with parents

Maladaptation: narrow virtuosity, inertia

Example of achievement, competence, acquiring knowledge


Stage 5 of 8: Adolescent 

12 to 18 years

Identity vs. Role confusion


Before this stage, development is related to what is done to a person. Following this stage, development depends upon what a person does.

Maladaptation: fanaticism, repudiation

Example of identity struggle, peer relationships


Stage 6 of 8: Young adult 

18 to 35 years

Intimacy and solidarity vs. Isolation


Seeking companions and love, deep intimacy and satisfying relationships

If unsuccessful, isolation might occur

Most significant relationship is with marital partners and friends

Maladaptation: promiscuity, exclusivity


Stage 7 of 8: Middle-aged Adult 

35 to 55-65 years

Generativity vs. Self-absorption or stagnation


Career and work are most important, along with family

Attempting to produce something that makes a difference to society; fear of inactivity and meaninglessness

Also a time of major life shifts

Most significant relationship is with family, workplace, local church, other communities, etc.

Maladaptation: overextension, rejectivity


Stage 8 of 8: Late adulthood 

55-65 years to Death

Integrity vs. Despair


Time of reflection

Contentment and fulfillment vs. despair, the fear of death

Maladaptation: presumption, disdain


Links to Examples 

Stage 1(Optional): Baby


Stage 3: Preschool


Stage 4: Primary - Middle School


Stage 5: High School


Stage 8(Optional): Old Age



Discussion Questions 

Q1) Identify the eight stages of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.

Q5) Compose a short story about an individual who is in one of the eight stages of development. Be specific to the crisis involved in the particular stage, and include the possible outcomes of going through this stage, positive and negative.

Q6) Erikson suggests that each stage is never truly complete, and that each stage can be revisited. Evaluate whether or not this theory should be considered valid.


References Harder, A.F. (2009). Erik Erikson Stages of Development. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson .htm Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011). Erikson’s Stages of Development at LearningTheories. Retrieved June 13th, 2011. http://www.learning-theories.com/eriksons-stages-ofdevelopment.html Moore, D. Erik Erikson Summary. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.scribd.com/doc/35862460/Erik-erikson-summary

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