Edci 5035 Erikson presentation

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Psychology, Developmental Psychology
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Karina Bober Marisa Thibodeau Ashley Campbell

Erik Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development

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Stage 1 of 8: Infancy 

Birth to 18 months



Basic trust vs. Mistrust



Hope



Emphasis on parents’ nurturing ability and care for the child



Maladaptation: sensory distortion, withdrawal

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Stage 2 of 8: Toddler / Early Childhood 

18 months to 3 years



Autonomy vs. Shame



Will



Opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as child learns new skills and right from wrong



If well-cared for, the child will carry themselves with pride rather than shame



Maladaptation: impulsivity, compulsion

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Stage 3 of 8: Preschooler 

3 to 5 years



Initiative vs. Guilt



Purpose



Children exhibit a desire to copy adults, create play situations, make up stories, play out roles, etc.



Oepedial struggle which is resolved through social role identification



Child experiences guilt if frustrated over natural desires and goals



Most significant relationship is with the basic family



Maladaptation: ruthlessness, inhibition



Example of children trying different roles or making up stories

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Stage 4 of 8: School age child 

6 to12 years



Industry vs. Inferiority



Competence



Children are capable of learning new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry



A very social stage; Problems with competence and self-esteem if the child experiences unresolved feelings of inadequacy/inferiority among our peers



Most significant relationship is with school and neighborhood, and less with parents



Maladaptation: narrow virtuosity, inertia



Example of achievement, competence, acquiring knowledge

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Stage 5 of 8: Adolescent 

12 to 18 years



Identity vs. Role confusion



Fidelity



Before this stage, development is related to what is done to a person. Following this stage, development depends upon what a person does.



Maladaptation: fanaticism, repudiation



Example of identity struggle, peer relationships

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Stage 6 of 8: Young adult 

18 to 35 years



Intimacy and solidarity vs. Isolation



Love



Seeking companions and love, deep intimacy and satisfying relationships



If unsuccessful, isolation might occur



Most significant relationship is with marital partners and friends



Maladaptation: promiscuity, exclusivity

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Stage 7 of 8: Middle-aged Adult 

35 to 55-65 years



Generativity vs. Self-absorption or stagnation



Care



Career and work are most important, along with family



Attempting to produce something that makes a difference to society; fear of inactivity and meaninglessness



Also a time of major life shifts



Most significant relationship is with family, workplace, local church, other communities, etc.



Maladaptation: overextension, rejectivity

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Stage 8 of 8: Late adulthood 

55-65 years to Death



Integrity vs. Despair



Wisdom



Time of reflection



Contentment and fulfillment vs. despair, the fear of death



Maladaptation: presumption, disdain

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Links to Examples 

Stage 1(Optional): Baby



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GGCQe3JZGi4



Stage 3: Preschool



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OeKN6CNAhDE



Stage 4: Primary - Middle School



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6ep8KOR284



Stage 5: High School



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7-RbPVUzDlU&feature=related



Stage 8(Optional): Old Age



http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mO-ZlY1SlNA&feature=related

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Discussion Questions 

Q1) Identify the eight stages of Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development theory.



Q5) Compose a short story about an individual who is in one of the eight stages of development. Be specific to the crisis involved in the particular stage, and include the possible outcomes of going through this stage, positive and negative.



Q6) Erikson suggests that each stage is never truly complete, and that each stage can be revisited. Evaluate whether or not this theory should be considered valid.

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References Harder, A.F. (2009). Erik Erikson Stages of Development. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.learningplaceonline.com/stages/organize/Erikson .htm Learning Theories Knowledgebase (2011). Erikson’s Stages of Development at LearningTheories. Retrieved June 13th, 2011. http://www.learning-theories.com/eriksons-stages-ofdevelopment.html Moore, D. Erik Erikson Summary. Retrieved June 13, 2011. http://www.scribd.com/doc/35862460/Erik-erikson-summary

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