E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia*s government from a Royal

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, Revolution And Post-Independence (1775-1820), Revolutionary War
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E.Q: What led to the evolution of Georgia’s government from a Royal Colony to a Constitutional Democracy?

Georgia adopts a state constitution  About two thirds of Georgians remained loyal to England during the

     

American Revolution They were known as Tories In 1777 a constitution was adopted for Georgia at a meeting in Savannah Georgia’s first 8 counties were formed Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glyn, Richmond, Wilkes & Liberty How many counties does Georgia have today? (159 counties)

Georgia Timeline

10,000 B.C.E to 1776

Who?: Paleo Indians When?: 10,000-8000 BCE arrive in GA from land bridge across Bering Strait Where?: Did not settle in one place/ nomadic people Why?: following food supply

Who: Archaic(Early , Middle & late) Indians When: 80001000BCE Where?: Why:

Who? : Spanish explorer Hernando De Soto When?: 1540 about 50 years after Columbus Where??????? Why?: Looking for Gold, Glory & God Where? Travelled Georgia looking for gold died near Mississippi River

Who? King George II & James Oglethorpe

What;? Charter of 1732

When:? 1732 Why:??????

Where:????

Who? Royal governors (John Reynolds, What: Royal Governors to Georgia by King George II of England?

Who:? England v. France fight in 7 years War/ ……… War)

What?

When?:

When: 1752? Where? Where?????? Why??? Why??????

Who ? King George III What? Taxes for debt from? And new land acquired When? Where?

Why? Because he believed that defending the colonies from France & Indians came at a cost to England

Who? American colonists/rebels/ patriots (Gwinnett Button, ……)

Who? George Washington

What? (Sign agreement to do what?)

What? Battle of Yorktown British Surrender ends War of Independence

When??

When?

Where? Philladelphia

Where?

Why???

Why?

What do you know about the U.S Constitution? What do you know ?(K)

What do you want to Know ?(W)

What have you learned ?(L)

Vocabulary

Georgia’s Constitution of 1777

 Strengths  Still have legislative branch  Three branches have separate power

 Established counties replaced parishes

Weaknesses Legislature (unicameral only I house) No checks & balances in legislative branch Governor served only 1 year

 Established local county governments

Executive branch or governor was too weak he could not veto laws passed Legislative council had power to veto 3 branches of government but legislative had more power

The Articles of Confederation  The first constitution of the United States of America

 Ratified (approved) on July 4th 1776  Went into effect on January 1781 when Maryland &

Virginia approved it  Who was the 1st president of the U.S.A  John Hanson or George Washington

Articles of Confederation Strengths

Weaknesses

 First written constitution in the

 Weak central government

U.S of America  Had a legislature  Had strong governments (state)

 No executive or judicial branch     

to enforce laws or hear disputes Central government could not levy (impose) taxes No checks & balances No taxes collected so there was no military All power lied with states Each state had equal vote in congress regardless of size or population

Constitutional convention of 1787  Why? Because the Articles of Confederation were too weak  William Few and Abraham Baldwin represent Georgia at the     

convention in Philadelphia George Washington presided over convention U.S government establishes 3 branches of government (Executive, Legislature & Judiciary) Each branch could check the power of the other branches (checks & balances) Senate & house of representatives established. Only three fifths of slave population would be counted towards representation of state

Ratification of the U.S Constitution 1788  After much debate between Federalists & Anti-Federalists the      

Constitution was adopted in 1788 Georgia is the 4th State to ratify The Constitution could be changed or amended The first 10 changes to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights George Washington becomes first president under the Constitution of the United States of America How many amendments have been made to the U.S Constitution to date? 27 times to date

Similarities & differences between Georgia Constitution and the U.S Constitution (174-175) (At least 4 similarities and differences) Georgia Constitution of 1789

The U.S Constitution of 1787

Georgia after the Revolutionary War  Economy was in ruins not much farming  Capital city moved from Savannah to Augusta  Georgia delegates meet in 1788 & 1789 and adopt state

constitution similar to national constitution with 3 branches  General assembly was a bicameral legislature (Senate & house of representatives), governors and judges appointed and spending managed

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