January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, World History
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• What is a ‘colony’? • What is the ‘mother country’? • What was New France? • Was New France a colony? • Who was in charge of New France?

Hunters trade furs in New France (trading posts)


Factories in France turned the furs into hats, clothing, etc.

Merchants in France get rich $$$$$$ Hunters get Furs

•Who did all the hard work in the fur trade? •Who made all the profit in the fur trade?

Chartered Company System • 1608-1627  fur companies were not making enough money • There was also a small population in New France • In 1627  The King gave over the monopoly to ONLY ONE company:


Company of 100 Associates • The King of France made a deal with The Company of 100 Associates: • The Company of 100 Associates got to be the only fur trading company • BUT… • The Company of 100 Associates was in charge of populating New France • The Company of 100 Associates also had to take care of roads, buildings, jails and a lot of other things

Company of 100 Associates • The Company of 100 Associates DID NOT do a good job • It took a lot of furs from New France • It did not bring people to live in New France • The company did not care about the deal with the King

1663: The King is in charge... • 1663: King Louis XIV (14th) • He took control of New France • Louis XIV had to become the boss of New France from Far away

Lets get this place populated! • Louis XIV had to start populating New France • More women needed to live in New France • More women = MORE BABIES • King Louis XIV had a plan…

King Louis XIV’s plan • Step 1: Send somebody to New France to populate it. • Jean Talon (intendant) • Step 2: Use a CENSUS to find out how many people actually lived in New France • A census helped find out how many women, men, children and families were in New France

King Louis XIV’s plan • Jean Talon found out that New France had about 3500 people • This was NOT GOOD! • New England had about 20 000 people • Why is this a problem? • New England could easily take over New France

King Louis XIV’s plan • Promote ‘engages’ • Ship over ‘filles du Roi’ • Encourage soldiers to stay in NF • Unwanted prisoners: people who committed non-violent crimes in France were asked to move to NF • Give people money for marrying and having kids

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