Fingerprint - ecrimescenechemistrymiller

January 8, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Hematology
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Fingerprint expert

Evidence • 3 different kinds of fingerprints – Latent Prints – Patent Prints – Plastic Prints

Latent Prints • A chance or accidental impression left by skin on a surface • Chemical, Electronic, and physical processing techniques show visualization of the invisible print • Print comes comes from sweat, motor oil, blood, paint, ink… • Very valuable physical evidence

Latent Print

Patent Prints • Friction ridge impressions of unknown origins • Transfer from a foreign material on a finger onto a surface • Visible • Photographed rather than lifted • Ex: ink, dirt, blood…

Patent Prints

Plastic Prints • Friction ridge impression from – Finger – Palm – Toe – Foot Keeps the shape of the ridge detail Ex: melted candle wax, thick grease Visible and doesn’t need photography

Plastic Prints

Fingerprint Capture • The machine mainly determines the difference in the ridges and the valleys • Two kinds of readers – Solid-state fingerprint reader – Optical fingerprint reader

Classifying fingerprints • 4 different kinds of fingerprints: – Arch – Loop – Whorl – Tented Arch




Tented Arch

Case Study: Conviction Through Enhanced Fingerprint Identification • In 1990 an unknown assailant sexually molested and fatally stabbed a young woman. The only evidence was a pillowcase, found next to the victims body. It had several blood stains, one stain showed some faint fingerprint ridge detail.

Investigation • Pillowcase to the departments forensic unit for bloodstain pattern analysis • Stains were consistent with a knife blade • Fingerprint had enough ridge detail to go further into the investigation • Image enhancement developed likely suspects and the the DNA proved the fingerprint match was correct

Interview • “What kind of educational background do you have to have in order to work as a fingerprint expert?” • “It depends, there are different levels. There is on the job training and job preparation training; NCIC National Crime Index Certification and International Association of Identification. The person with the least amount of experience has worked here for 7 years.”

• “What is a typical day like for you?” • “It depends, I examine fingerprints of individuals that are arrested and process their identification to check their previous arrest history. I also review the work of coworkers to make sure they make proper identifications.”

• “Are you a forensic specialist all the time or do you have a "day job"?” • “There are different shifts. There is a late unit and a temperate unit which is 24 hours. There are three 8 hour shifts each day. There is a shift from 4am to 3 pm.”

Resources • • • • • • ages/fingerprint pg

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