FQ: What were the positive and negative effects of the Industrial
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FQ: What were the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on Britain? • •
Agenda (10 min)- Do Now (15 min)- Mini Lesson: Notes: Effects of IR on Britain (25 min)- Video Clip: Child Labor (10 min)- Final Thought Questions
Do Now Complete Document Document #1- Table 1,2,3 Document #2- Table 4,5,6
Document #7- Table 7,8,9, Share out- Camera
Organize and gather all documents for the Industrial Revolution Unit. Next class we will be writing the essay.
Documents • Class: Why did the IR start in England (DBQ) • Homework: Industrial Revolution (DBQ) • Class: Technology Documents (website) • Class: Movie: Children of the Revolution (website)
• No document no lesson!
FQ: What were the positive and negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on Britain?
Industrialization Changes Ways of Life • Growth of factory system-manufacturing goods in central location brought waves of job seekers to cities and towns. Between 1800 and 1850 the urban areas of Europe doubled in population.
Growth of Industrial Cities • Urbanization- city building and movement of people to cities • Factories developed in clusters because entrepreneurs built them near sources of energy.
The Cities that were built during the industrial revolution What do you think about the living conditions?
Living Conditions • No plans, no sanitary codes, and no building codes controlled the growth of England’s cities • They lacked adequate housing, education, and police protection for the people who poured in from the countryside seeking jobs • Unpaved streets had no drain and collected heaps of garbage • Workers lived in dark, dirty shelters, whole families crowding into one bedroom • Sickness was wide spread- Cholera epidemics regularly swept through the slums of Great Britain’s industrial cities
Would you want to live here? Why or why not?
Working Conditions • Factory owners wanted to keep their machines running for as many hours a day as possible. As a result, the average worker spent 14 hours a day at the job, 6 days a week • Factories were seldom well-lit or clean • Machines injured workers in countless ways • There was no government program to provide aid in case of injury • The most dangerous conditions of all were found in the coal mines
What do you see in this photo?
Class Tensions • The Industrial Revolution create enormous amounts of money in the country • Wealth lined the pockets of factory owners, shippers, and merchants • Middle Class- a social class of skilled workers, professionals, business people, and wealthy farmers • There was no government program to provide aid in case of injury
Class Tensions • The most dangerous conditions of all were found in the coal mines • Gradually, a large middle class-neither rich nor poor-emerged. This group included an upper middle class of government employees, doctors, lawyers, and managers of factories, mines, and shops. A lower middle consisted of factory overseers and skilled workers • These people enjoyed a comfortable standard of living
Positive Effects of the Industrial Revolution – It created jobs for workers – It contributed to the wealth of the nation – It fostered technological progress and invention – It greatly increased the production of goods and raised the standard of living – Provided the hope of improvement in people’s lives
Class Activity • THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION • Directions: Film Dependent QuestionsFollow along with the film and complete the following questions.
Final Thought: Share out 1. What were the negative effects of the Industrial Revolution on children in Great Britain? Provide Evidence and Analyze 2. Compare your life to the children of the Industrial Revolution. How are the conditions different? 3. How do the reforms of that era impact your life today?