Glorious rev

January 24, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, Government
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Development of Western Thought & the Rise of Democratic Ideals • Democratic Development in England: The Glorious Revolution • Essential Question: How does the Glorious Revolution contribute to modern Ideas of democracy?

Essential Questions: • How have people worked to gain individual rights and liberties? • Why are individual liberties essential for citizens? • What dramatic principles have developed over time? • How does a government gain the legitimate right to rule?

Please Analyze the following Picture…

Feudalism • Provided a sense of security in the face of social and political turmoil

Divine Right of Kings • Power comes directly from God • Accountable to God not citizens • Absolute monarchs

English Common Law • Established By Henry II 1154 • King could not write new laws, but had to follow accepted customs • Henry II found ways to expand customs into laws • Legal system based on custom & court rulings • Standardized laws and punishments

Magna Carta 1215 • Forced king John to accept • Protections for the common man – Freedom from arrest, imprisonment – Due Process – Nobles had certain rights—later extended to all English citizens – Monarchs had to obey the laws

Parliament • Great Council • Nobles & Clergy met at the House of Lords • Knights & Middle-Class citizens met at the House of Commons • Could approve new taxes—checked and limited the power of the monarch

The Tudors

Tudor Dynasty 1485-1603 • Had good relations with Parliament • Henry VIII broke with the Catholic Church-Established the Church of England • Elizabeth I died in 1603 without an heir

The Stuarts James I

Charles I

• Stuarts were the Scottish relatives of the Tudors • James I agreed to rule according to English laws and customs but behaved like absolute monarch

• • • •

Clashed with Parliament Sent them home in 1611 & 1614 Charles I becomes king 1640-1653-Charles I summoned Parliament and they revolted • Demanded the execution of the King’s chief ministers • Charles sent troops to Parliament

The English Civil War • • • •

1642-1649 Between Charles I & Parliament Wealthy nobles support the King Rural landowners, manufactures, Puritan clergy support Parliament • Oliver Cromwell’s army defeated the King


• Parliament set up a court to try the king • King was executed as a traitor • First time a sitting monarch had been tried and executed by his own people

The Commonwealth • House of Commons abolished the Monarchy the House of Lords, and the Church of England • Declared England a Republic • Oliver Cromwell is in charge and installs a military dictatorship

Puritan Rule • Exiled Catholics • Cromwell dies in 1658 • 1660 a newly elected Parliament restored the monarchy by inviting Charles’s son to rule

The Stuarts Again Charles II

Charles II • Absolute Monarch • Had Catholic sympathies • Accepted the Petition of Right & effectively dealt with Parliament

James II

• • • •

Inherited the throne in 1685 Flaunted his Catholic faith Ignored Parliament and Laws English Protestants fear James II will restore the Catholic Church

William & Mary

• 1688 Parliament invited James’s Protestant daughter Mary & her Dutch husband William III of Orange to become rulers of England • As they arrive James II fled to France • This is know as a bloodless or glorious revolution

Significance • Limited Monarchy: Constitution or legislative body limits the monarchs power. • Destroyed divine right theory • King serves by the grace of Parliament not God

The English Bill of Rights • The king or queen could not cancel laws or impose taxes unless Parliament agreed. • Free elections • No excessive fines • No cruel punishments • Habeas Corpus • Right to bring complaints in front of the king or queen • Parliament meet frequently • Government would be based on laws and the rights of its citizens, not the authority of a single ruler

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