Greek Mythology That means the study gods and goddesses! And

January 16, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Anthropology, Mythology
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Greek Mythology

The Gods and Creatures of Ancient Greece By: Chris Bursaw and Marissa Cannistraro

Gaia • Goddess of the Earth, Mother Earth • Wife to Uranus • Mother to Titans, Cyclops, and Hecatonchires

Zeus The Greek god of the sky

His weapon is the master lightning bolt, given to him by the cyclops

His symbols are lighting, the oak tree, and the eagle

Poseidon Greek god of the sea and earthquakes His symbol is the dolphin His weapon is the trident

Hades His symbols are the helm of darkness and a scepter

He is generally depicted seated on his throne of ebony

He is the Greek god of the Underworld

Aphrodite • • • • •

Goddess of love and beauty Wife to Hephaestus Symbols are swan and dove Represents power of love Born from sea foam

Apollo Twin brother of Artemis God of prophecy, colonization, medicine, archery, poetry, dance, and intellectual inquiry. He is an archer, but not for hunting or fighting The lyre is his symbol

Ares The Greek god of war

His symbol are the dog, and the spear, because it is his favorite weapon in battle

Artemis • • • • • •

Goddess of hunting Sister of Apollo Maiden goddess Has group of hunters (nymphs) with her Symbols are stag, moon, and cypress Associated with moon as representation of purity

Athena • Goddess of wisdom, war craft, and arts & crafts • Came from Zeus’ head • Maiden Goddess • Gained Athens by giving olive tree • Symbols are owl, shield, and olive branch • Known to have invented crafting

Demeter • • • •

Goddess of the harvest Mother of Persephone, who is grain Controls the seasons Symbols are corn and wheat

Hephaestus The Greek god of blacksmithing and the blacksmiths’ fire Married to Aphrodite He made weapons and armor for the gods He was almost always depicted as a cripple

Hera • • • • •

Goddess of marriage Queen of gods and goddesses Represents woman/mature woman Often jealous Symbols are peacock and cow

Hermes God of shepherds, land travel, thieves, merchants, weights, measures, oratory, literature, and athletes Guides dead to underworld

Brings dreams to mortals

Symbols are winged sandals and helmet. He holds the Caduceus

Hestia • • • • • •

Goddess of the hearth First Olympian Never lets fire/hearth go out Name means “hearth” in Greek Symbol is fire Most kind of all the gods

Centaurs • Half man, half horse • Are mindless, party-loving alcoholics • Only wise (and sober) one is Chiron

Cerberus Three headed dog that guarded underworld Made sure no one left

Cyclops One-eyed monsters Work with metal Are sons of Poseidon

Medusa • One of the 3 gorgons, only mortal • Was beautiful, then cursed by Athena • Vowed with sisters to be maiden, then assaulted by Poseidon • Killed by Perseus

Minotaur Human body with a head of a bull

Lives in the Labyrinth Eats young maidens that are sacrificed

Nymphs • Different types -Dryads: trees/woods -Naiads: water -Aurai: air/sky -Lampes: underworld

• Fairy-like, more capricious and eerie • Dryads hunt with Artemis

Sources tm dite.html

Sources (Continued) taur/centaur.html

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