Industrial Revolution - Monroe County Schools

May 17, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, Europe (1815-1915), Industrial Revolution
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The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

A New Kind of Revolution Main Idea In the 1700s conditions in Great Britain led to the rapid growth of the textile industry, which in turn led to huge changes in many other industries.

Essential Questions • Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain? • How did industrialization cause a revolution in the production of textiles? • How did steam power the Industrial Revolution? • Where did industrialization spread beyond Great Britain?

Section 1

The Industrial Revolution

A Revolution in Great Britain During the 1700s changes in technology began based on the use of power-driven machinery. This era is called the Industrial Revolution.

Factors for Success

Agricultural Factors

1. Colonization- gave Britain more raw materials & new market for finished goods

• Research and development on farms

2. Strong navy- aided in trade & transportation

• Improved livestock breeding

3. Govt. Support- passed many laws that favored business

4. Private investment- provided funds for investment

• Seed drill • Better varieties of food crops – Increased food supply

– Population grew • Enclosure movement

The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

Britain’s Big Advantage The Industrial Revolution began in Great Britain. • Had essential elements for economic success • Factors of production – Land – Labor

– Capital

The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

Find the Main Idea Why was Great Britain in the 1700s ideally suited to be the birthplace of the Industrial Revolution? Answer(s): Colonies around the world supplied raw materials; powerful navy facilitated trade; waterways provided power and transportation; enclosure movement led to large labor supply; private investors provided funds for investment; coal and iron deposits provided needed resources

Section 1

The Industrial Revolution

A Revolution in Textiles • Textile Industry was beginning of Industrial Revolution • Weaving was a cottage industry, where labor was performed @ home • Industrialization changed this!

New Way of Making Cloth - Supply of wool increased - Cotton farming more profitable b/c of slave labor in America • Invention of cotton gin, spinning jenny, & flying shuttle made cotton even more profitable

Cloth-making in Factories • Cottages were too small for large equipment

• Factory invented, but they needed power? • Water frame invented for water power

• Many factories built close to?

The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

Identify Problem and Solution How did machines solve problems that weavers faced? Answer(s): spinning jenny, spinning frame, and flying shuttle made weaving faster

The Industrial Revolution

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Steam Powers the Revolution Development of Steam Engine • Most efficient steam engine invented by James Watt

Coal for Steam Engines • Steam engines needed large amounts of fuel to heat water

• Steam power meant factories no longer had to be near water

• Wood was scarce

• Steam locomotives

• Coal mining industry boomed

• Steamships developed by Robert Fulton

• Mining was very dangerous

The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

Make Generalizations What impact did the steam engine have on the growth of British industry? Answer(s): factories could be located away from rivers, powered locomotives and ships, led to development of coal as a resource, more factories built near coal mines

Section 1

The Industrial Revolution

Industrialization Spreads Industrialization soon spread to western Europe and the United States. Other regions did not industrialize in the 1800s.

Why Western Countries? • Political liberty

• Freedom to compete • Rewards reaped • Improvements

America

Europe & Asia

- Britain outlawed export of machines or skilled people

• Belgium, 1807

• Samuel Slater

• Germany, 1850

-had to sneak on ship to America. Built water frame from memory & was very successful

• France, 1815 • Japan, 1868 was first in Asia to industrialize

The Industrial Revolution

Section 1

Compare and Contrast How did industrialization in Britain compare to the process in America and Europe? Answer(s): Britain industrialized first, America and Europe benefited from earlier inventions; political issues delayed industrial development in mainland Europe

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