Key words definitions and examples - EAL Nexus

January 8, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Anthropology, Mythology
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This project and its actions were made possible due to co-financing by the European Fund for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals

EAL Nexus resource

Writing book reviews Key words, definitions and examples Subject:

English

Age groups:

8 – 11, 12 – 14, 15 – 16, 17 - 18

Topic:

Non-fiction writing

Licence information | This resource is free to use for educational purposes. Source | This resource was originally developed by Charlotte Hurley and has been adapted by EAL Nexus.

©British Council 2014

Key term Definition

Example

Paragraph A part of a piece of writing that usually deals with one subject, that begins on a new line, and that is made up of one or more sentences

Key term

Opinion

Definition

A judgement or viewpoint on a particular matter

Examples

 The main character is interesting…  The plot is weak…  Many people believe that it is cruel to…

Key term

Background

Definition

Information about the story or book, such as when it was written or details about the author.

Examples

Key term

Definition

Examples

Plot The events that take the story from start to finish

Key term

Conclude

Definition

To bring to an end

Examples

 In conclusion…

 To summarise…

Key term

Character

Definition

The people or creatures that have roles within the story

Examples

 Goldilocks  Baby Bear  Katniss Everdeen

 Harry Potter  Smaug

Key term

Setting

Definition

The time and place where the story takes place

Examples

 Long ago on a planet far, far away…  In a small town beside the sea…

Key term

Conjunction

Definition

A word that is used to link other words or parts of a sentence to make compound or complex sentences

Examples

and, but, or, because, when, if, so…  The ending didn’t work because…

 The main character was unlikeable when…  If the author had written in the first person …

Key term

Orientate

Definition

Direct the reader to a particular place in the text

Examples

on the first page, after that, later on, towards the end, when, after, whenever…  Later on, Katniss needs to make an important decision.

Key term

Adjective

Definition

A word which modifies and gives more information about a noun

Examples

 The second part of the story was boring…  He was a believable character…

Key term

Author

Definition

The person or people who have written the book or story

Example

   

Phillip Pullman J K Rowling Charles Dickens Roald Dahl

Key term

Genre

Definition

A particular type of story, book or writing with similar themes, characters, setting etc.

Example

     

Horror Mystery Crime Ghost Adventure Sci-fi

Key term

Strengths

Definition

The good (positive) points about the book or story

Example

 The detail of description is amazing and the fast pace is incredible

Key term

Weaknesses

Definition

The bad (negative) points about the book or story

Example

 It has a weak plot and unconvincing characters

Key term

Past tense

Definition

A verb tense used to show an action that has already happened

Example

 When I read the final page I found that…  It was surprising when she made it out of there alive…

Key term

Present tense

Definition

A verb tense used to show an action that is happening now

Example

 I think that when the two characters finally become friends…  The author uses a variety of techniques to keep the plot moving…

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