Lanore West - Curry School of Education

January 26, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Performing Arts, Drama
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To complement standardized assessments

Two types: video vs. live

What can be observed?

The first article examining play behaviors among pre-school children  Observed children’s play behavior and categorized play based on what she observed  Play stages include 

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Onlooker Independent Solitary play Parallel activity Cooperative/Organized supplementary play Parten, B. Mildred. (1932) School Participation Among Pre-school Children

Developed a code that was appropriate for our population of interest (children enrolled in HeadStart, Preschool, externalizing/internalizing behavior)  Incorporated Parten’s play research and work from others in the field (Fujuki, Brinton, Isaacson, & Summers, 2001; Parten, 1932; Qi & Kaiser, 2004; Rubin, 2001) 

Important points to consider when developing definitions: › Behaviors

must be observable › Coders must be able to observe the same behaviors › Reliability

Event-positive/negative measures of autonomous behaviors or aggression while playing

Duration-codes used to specify play behaviors of children

Child Initiated (CI): interactive behavior (verbal or physical) by the target child toward a peer  Peer Initiated (PI): interactive behavior (verbal, non-verbal, physical) by a peer toward the target child that is complimentary and is followed by a peer behavior  Aggression (CA): any physical touch that is intended to be aversive, negative, or restrictive of the child’s activity 

Following directions (FD): child is on task, following teacher’s directions or engaging in appropriate behavior.  Parallel play (PP): the child is playing with toys similar to those used in the vicinity.  Associative play (AP): child plays with peer without role assignment. Distinguishing feature is the focus of the child.  Equal cooperative play (CPE): child is engaged in activity with others equally. Conversation should be present. 

Using hand-held computers


Video clips

Following directions (FD)

Parallel play (PP)

Equal Cooperative Play (CPE)

Associative Play (AP)

Solitary Play (SP)

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