Latin American Revolutions
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Aim: How was Latin America impacted by the ideas of Enlightenment and the French Revolution? Do Now: How would you describe yourself? American? Italian American? Irish American? Latino? Why? Predict what revolutionaries in Latin America will be fighting against
Nationalism is commonly defined as a love for one's country. Historically, however, nationalism takes on a far greater meaning. Throughout history, large groups of people who share a cultural identity (language, customs, history) have felt the pulling power of nationalistic feeling. The spirit of nationalism also includes the belief that one's nation is better off as an autonomous state.
Autonomy is defined as a nation governing itself independently from a centralized point. Still another aspect of nationalism is the willingness to go to extreme measures in achieving autonomous self-rule.
Revolutions, wars, ethnic tension, and other conflicts of varying degrees have occurred throughout history because of a love for one's country. The spirit of nationalism has shaped the histories and destinies of many countries. Nationalism can unite people into cohesive, stable nations. Likewise, it can tear nations apart which can result in long periods of social upheaval and political chaos.
Discussion Questions Define and give examples of Nationalism Define and give examples of Revolution (s)
Good, Bad or Both? Describe how pride or too much pride could be a bad thing.
Explain why nationalism is both a positive and a negative force
Causes of Latin American Revolutions
The French Revolution and the American revolutions provided the spark for independence
The rise of Revolutionary leaders raised on the ideas of the Enlightenment
“El Grito de Dolores” The Cry of Dolores “My Children, will you be free? Will you make the effort to recover the lands stolen from your forefathers by the hated Spaniards 300 years ago.” Who do you think the children are in this quote? Describe how the Spaniards are being described? How could this quote possibly influence the quest for independence?
Latin American Revolutions
As we go through the slide show, please fill in your Graphic organizer and answer the questions.
Father Miguel Hidalgo Mexico: 1810-1820
Rallied support with his speech, “El Grito de Dolores” (The Cry of Dolores) Poor Mexicans fight for “Independence and Liberty” from Spain. Hidalgo, considered too radical for some, was executed and several other leaders eventually achieved independence.
Toussaint L’Ouverture Haiti: 1791-1820
Begins movement for Haiti’s independence from France. Freed slave who became “brave leader” Haiti gains independence due to the French being spread too thin, and falling victim to yellow fever
Simón Bolívar “The Liberator”
Educated Creole Leads independence movements in Venezuela, New Granada (Colombia), Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia against Spain. 1810-1822 Joins forces with José de San Martín
Independence for Brazil
Peaceful Independence King of Portugal introduced many reforms Constitution with free press, free relgion, and a legislature
José de San Martín
1810s Educated Creole Leads independence movements in Chile and Peru
Was Bolivar truly “The Liberator?” Consider this document:
Taken from the memoirs of Bolivar’s own chief of staff: “Meanwhile he organized his government, in which he united in himself the three powers, --legislative, executive, and judicial; in virtue of which, he became absolute master of the liberty, prosperity, and lives of his countrymen. He named to offices those who could flatter him most. This dictatorship was…an absolute, despotic, military government.
Student Debriefing Activity
Working in Pairs: Read: Latin American Peoples Win Independence Answer Questions 1-4 and Skill builder 1-2 H.W. Create a poster that represents your nationality. Feel free to be creative!!
Evaluate whether the revolutions of Latin America succeeded in bringing the ideals of the Enlightenment to the People
In a T Chart- list the Similarities/Differences
How did the Enlightenment and the French Revolution lead to Revolutions in Latin America?
Summary In a paragraph,
discuss the similarities of Revolutions Influence of the Enlightenment Influence of the French Revolution