Metaphors and Similes

January 13, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Psychology, Abnormal Psychology
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Literary Terms •Metaphor: A comparison of two unlike things that have something in common –The clear lake was a mirror reflecting the clouds.

•Simile: A metaphor using “like” or “as” –The lake was like a mirror.

• Irony: The contrast between what we expect and what actually happens – He was so busy helping other people study that he did not study himself and failed the test. • Alliteration: The repetition of initial consonant sounds – Come quickly, Ken! – She sells sea shells down by the sea shore.

• Hyperbole: exaggeration to make a point – My backpack weighs a ton! • Personification: Giving human qualities to an inanimate object – The wind screamed all night.

• Onomatopoeia: Words that imitate the sounds they refer to --The bacon sizzled and crackled in the pan.

•Foreshadowing: Hints and clues that tip the reader off as to what is to come later in the story

–Nothing bad had happened…yet.

•Tone: The writer’s attitude towards his or her subject –Examples: amused, objective, angry, etc. •Mood: Atmosphere or feeling that a literary work conveys to the reader. –Examples: scary, happy, tension, anticipation, suspenseful

• Understatement: when a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is. (opposite of hyperbole) – It’s only 32 degrees below zero outside. Just a bit chilly.

• Euphemism: A phrase used in place of something disagreeable or upsetting – He passed away. – She has a bun in the oven. – I need to use the facilities (restroom).

• Exposition: Characters, setting and conflict are introduced. • Rising Action: Conflict begins to develop producing interest and suspense. • Climax: The turning point of the story; character(s) in conflict must make a decision. • Falling Action: Loose ends are beginning to be tied up. • Resolution: Story comes to a reasonable ending.

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