MEXICO - Cobb County ESOL
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AGENDA • • • • • • • •
GEOGRAPHY HISTORY ECONOMY GOVERMENT DEMOGRAPHICS CULTURE MY HOME TOWN LIVING IN THE USA
• Official Name is United States of Mexico (Spanish: Estados Unidos de México) • Mexico is located in North America. • Bordering to the North by United States of America, • to the South with Belize, Guatemala and the Caribbean Sea, • to the West with the Pacific Ocean, • to the East with the Gulf of Mexico. • Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas. • Covering over 760,000 square miles. • With an estimated population of over 112 million.
HISTORY – Ancient Cultures
The Olmec culture
The Aztec culture
The Mayan culture
The Zapotec culture
The Toltec culture
HISTORY – Conquest The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began in February 1519 when Hernán Cortés arrived on the coast of Veracruz. Following a strategy of allying with Indigenous city states that were subject to the Aztec empire and supporting them in a rebellion against the Aztecs, Cortés and his men were able to defeat the Aztecs after two years of campaigning on August 13, 1521.
The Aztec calendar
HISTORY – Independence On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in the small town of Dolores, Guanajuato. The first insurgent group was formed by Hidalgo, the Spanish viceregal army captain Ignacio Allende, the militia captain Juan Aldama and "La Corregidora" Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez.
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
Josefe Ortiz de Dominguez
Mexican Independence Day is one of the biggest holidays. Much like the fourth of July in the USA.
HISTORY – Revolution The Mexican Revolution was a major armed struggle that started in November 20, 1910, with an uprising led by Francisco I. Madero against longtime autocrat Porfirio Díaz, and lasted for the better part of two decades until around 1929. Over time the Revolution changed from a revolt against the established order to a multi-sided civil war.
GOVERMENT • • • • •
Mexico is a Federal Republic constituted by 31 states and a Federal District. The president is directly elected to a non-renewable six-year term. Branches of Government: Executive, Legislative and Judicial Current President 20012-2018 Enrique Peña Nieto As of 2011, Mexico has seven nationally recognized political parties by the Federal Electoral Institute. • PAN - National Action Party (Partido Acción Nacional). • PRI - Institutional Revolutionary Party (Partido Revolucionario Institucional). • PRD - Party of the Democratic Revolution (Partido de la Revolución Democrática). • PT Labor Party (Partido del Trabajo). • PVEM - Ecologist Green Party of Mexico (Partido Verde Ecologista de México). • MC - Citizens' Movement (Movimiento Ciudadano). • NA - New Alliance (Nueva Alianza).
GOVERMENT The flag of Mexico is a vertical tricolor of green, white, and red with the national coat of arms charged in the center of the white stripe. The meaning of the colors are: • • •
Green: represents hope for a better nation, where people join together to achieve and maintain peace between them. White: represents the purity of catholic faith. Red: the color of blood. With the inclusion of this color on their flag, Mexican people pay a tribute to those who died during the terrible war for independence.
The Coat of Arms features: an eagle, holding a serpent in its talon, is perched on top of a prickly pear cactus; the cactus is situated on a rock that rises above a lake. The coat of arms is derived from an Aztec legend that their gods told them to build a city where they spot an eagle on a nopal eating a serpent, which is now Mexico City.
DEMOGRAPHICS – Ethnic Groups
DEMOGRAPHICS – Religions With the Spanish conquest and colonization of Mexico, Catholicism was established as the dominant religion of Mexico.
Our Lady of Guadalupe, is a 16th century Roman Catholic Mexican icon depicting an apparition of the Virgin Mary.
DEMOGRAPHICS – Dialects/Sublanguages
DEMOGRAPHICS - Literacy
Percent of Persons Aged 15+ Who Are Literate
CULTURE The culture of Mexico reflects the complexity of their history through the blending of preHispanic civilizations and the culture of Spain, imparted during Spain’s 300-year colonization of Mexico. Mexicans put a high value on hierarchy and structure in business and family matters. Especially outside of cities, families are typically large and Mexicans are very conscious of their responsibilities to immediate family members and extended family such as cousins and even close friends. Family is very important and comes before everything else. Most Mexican families are highly traditional, with the father as the authority figure. The country remains a male-centric society, and machismo, a word derived from Mexican and Portuguese meaning male supremacy, is prevalent.
CULTURE - Celebrations
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Januray 6th : February 2nd: February 24th: May 10th: 3rd Sunday of June: September 16th: November 2nd: November 20th: December 1st: December 12th : December 25th:
The 3 Wise Man. Calendaria Day. Flag Day. Mothers Day. Fathers Day. Independence Day. The Day Of The Dead. Revolution Day. The Posadas. Lady of Guadalupe Day. Christmas Day.
CULTURE - Cuisine Mexican Cuisine is known for its intense and varied flavors, colorful decoration and variety of spices.
Mexican food varies by region, because of local climate, geography and ethnic differences.
Chocolate was invented in Mexico.
CULTURE – More Facts When Visiting
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Try to speak at least a little bit of Spanish. Show acknowledge and appreciation of Mexican culture. Personal relationships are very important. Always greet people otherwise they may be offended. If you are a guy, always open doors to women. Look into the others eyes when talking to them. Always respect the elderly. Do not ask if they speak Mexican, it is Spanish.
MY HOME TOWN
San Diego, CA. USA
MY HOME TOWN
MY HOME TOWN
LIVING IN THE USA
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Language barriers depending on where you live. Cultural barriers. Appearance. When you immigrate you need to be able to adjust to a different weather, language, culture, people, lifestyle, currency, etc.