mptc firearms inst recert `09 - `10

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FIREARMS INSTRUCTOR Recertification TY 2011 / 2012

Massachusetts Municipal Police Training Committee SGT William Leanos, Firearms Training Coordinator 1

Author: Sgt. William Leanos & MPTC Firearms Training Advisory Committee Date Written: January 10, 2011 Revised: March 2, 2011 Power Point Design: Todd Bailey & Bill Leanos


Complete all sections and pass in to Lead Instructor Helps Firearms Coordinator maintain an up to date data base Available on line at - Select MPTC News - Click on the Data Form link

Certificate will be issued by E-mail Only 3


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Contains new MPTC Recruit Firearms Manual - Full time - Reserve Officer Firearms New Shotgun Qualification & Manual New Less Lethal Course & Qualification Will be updated as required


HOT TOPICS FOR TY 2011/2012      

Instructor requirements New Instructor Levels New Shotgun Program & Qualification New MPTC Less Lethal Munitions New MPTC Full Auto / Select Fire Minimum Qualification Standards Where is my certificate? 5


All weapons are treated as if they were loaded. Never point a weapon at anything you are not willing to destroy. Keep your finger off the trigger until you are on target and have made the decision to fire. Know your target and what is beyond it.



Distribute RANGE RULES

Read the form

Sign the form

Turn the form in 7

Instructors will read and review with students the range safety rules. After completion students will sign and hand in to instructors the first range day.

Range Rules Safety rules, Procedures and Regulations Are expected to be followed by all shooters

SAFETY IS EVERYONE’S RESPONSIBILITY! 1. Keep weapon pointed in a safe direction at all times. 2. Do not handle any weapons while anyone is downrange. 3. Never draw the weapon with your finger on the trigger. 4. Never bend over on the firing line until the line has been declared “safe”. 5. Obey all commands from Range Master 6. Never holster any weapon with the hammer in the single-action mode or with your finger on the trigger. This applies to double action weapon only 7. Dry fire is only performed under the guidance of the firearms instructors. DO NOT dry fire unless instructed to do so. 8. “The finger remains off of the trigger and outside the trigger guard until the weapon is on target and that the officer has determined the use of deadly force is imminent” ( i.e. Trigger Finger Management ). 9. Unsafe acts or unsafe behavior on the range will not be tolerated. Do not take live ammunition into the cleaning area. I have and reviewed and understand all of the above Range rules. I will comply with these rules and conduct myself as a professional and responsible police officer. Signature:______________________________Date:________________

Instructor Certification Update Certification is valid for two (2) years  94% is minimum passing score MPTC / MSA Certification  MSA Certification Optional  MSA Adopted Patrol Rifle & Shotgun Qualifications  100% required at 3, 5 & 7 yard stages  100% Round Accountability 



100% round accountability Each scored hit = 2 points

Hits within the “milk bottle” score points. This includes the pelvic scoring area. (Instructors may need to add this in to their manuals)

Hits in the grey silhouette area do not score points however they are considered a “hit”. Hits outside the silhouette area are considered a miss and disqualifies the stage. Must re-shoot the stage.


INSTRUCTOR REQUIREMENT 100% Round Accountability 

Instructors will - Lead from the front by setting the example of marksmanship - Encourage practice - Stress the importance of making each round count. Future Instructor Qualifications will be all on target with score rings - No Misses Rounds not fired due to misfire or malfunction are “accounted for” via an alibi fire or by virtue of not being fired. 11

INSTRUCTOR REQUIREMENTS During Recertification 

No more than 3 attempts to attain a passing score on qualification. If not; - Repeat Basic Firearms Course Your instructor certification may not be expired for more than 4 years. If so; - Repeat Basic Firearms Course

(Effective: 1/1/10) 12

NON-INSTRUCTOR All Other Personnel 


 

Renamed from MPTC Qualification with Movement

Minimum of 80% for passing score 40 out of 50 shots in scoring area


Officer Requirements  

Each scoreable hit = 2 points Minimum Score 80 Points

Hits within the “milk bottle” score points. This includes the pelvic scoring area. (Instructors may need to add this in to their manuals)

Hits to grey silhouette and outside but on paper do not score points however they are considered a “hit”. Hits off paper are considered a miss and will lead to disqualification in the future.


100% Round Accountability All rounds must “hit the paper” - Rounds observed to miss the paper “unaccounted for” - Instructor will use discretion when scoring targets.  Disqualification optional at this time  Reasoning - Police officers are responsible for every round they fire - Missed rounds can kill or injure innocent bystanders 

100% Round Accountability   

Individual Officer Qualification OPTIONAL at this time Incorporating Qualification Course Data Collection Sheet to evaluate policy impact Falls in line with Massachusetts Standard for Qualification & Training  Data Collection designed to measure impact of policy prior to implementation  It is a requirement for Recruits – why not veteran officers?

Qualification Course Data Collection Admin Task for Lead Firearms Instructor

Why the Score Sheet?  MPTC will be tracking scores to determine the over all impact of “round accountability”  This data will be presented for the future Round Accountability Standard  Score Sheet is for DATA ONLY  This NOT to eliminate requirement for agencies to keep their own firearms records 17

Qualification Course Data Collection Admin Task for Lead Firearms Instructor 

 

Instructors submit training report (Score Sheet) to the Firearms Coordinator Fill in the required data Lead instructor will faxing or e-mail to Firearms Coordinator - Email and fax number are at bottom of score sheet Participation optional but very helpful

Officers Name:

Lead Instructor :

Safefy Officer:

Additional Instructors

Additional Instructors

1 2 3 4


Target Type:

Attempt #

Weather conditions: Course of fire Description:

Number of scorable rounds

Range Location:

Scorable rounds x 2 = points


Score Qualification


Number of unaccountable rounds

Data Collection Scoring Sheet

5 Instructors Notes:

Individule Student Comments:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Lead Firearms Instructors Signiture: - Each hit is the scoring section of the target shall equal two (2) points. (80 Points) - **A disqualification occurs when an officer has an unaccountable round. A disqualifications results in a failure to qualify, regardless of the score.

Data Collection Scoring Sheet Department: Date: Range Location:

Target type

Target Type:

Officers Name: Officer’s Name

1 2 3

Attempt #

Weather conditions: Course of fire Description:

Number of scorable rounds

Pertinent info for your records

Data Collection Scoring Sheet Lead Instructor :

Safefy Officer:

Additional Instructors 1 2 3



Score Qualification

Number of unaccountable rounds

Scorable rounds x 2 = points


Attempt #


Number of scorable rounds

Data Collection Area

Additional Instr

Enter the data for each student,

Attempts (1,2,3) Score-able Rounds

(Rounds 5 Instructors Notes:

in scoring area)

Score-able rounds X 2 Unaccountable Rounds (Number of rounds that went out side Individule the dedicated areas) Student Comments:

Qualification Score Actual numeric score


3 4 5 6 7

Data Collection Scoring Sheet

8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15

Lead Firearms Instructors Signiture: - Each hit is the scoring section of the target shall equal two (2) points. (80 Points) - **A disqualification occurs when an officer has an unaccountable round. A disqualifications results in a failure to qualify, regardless of the score.

Lead instructor Signature after completion

Data Collection Scoring Sheet Lead Instructor :

Safefy Officer:

Additional Instructors

Additional Instructors

1 2 3


4 5 Instructors Notes:

Individule Student Comments:

Who was the lead instructor & what additional instructors were there with the lead instructor. Who was appointed Safety Officer for the days events

Instructor Notes & Individual student notes: Individual student notes of what instructors observed and fixed or remedial . What were if any problem with the days events.

INSTRUCTOR LEVELS Effective 01/01/10

BASIC INSTRUCTOR – Teach at agency level only 

Updated 01/01/11

Must have 1 year on the job (Part Time or Full Time) prior to attending Basic 10 Day school

ADVANCED – Basic Level plus can teach Recruit Academy level programs including new Reserve Officer Firearms Course. 

Requirement - 4 yrs active as basic instructor with documentation) 24

INSTRUCTOR LEVELS Effective 01/01/10 Updated 01/01/11 

INSTRUCTOR TRAINER – Basic & Advanced levels in addition to recertifying basic instructors. (Does not apply to Firearms Instructor Trainers certified prior to 01/01/11)

- Requirement: 5 yrs as Advanced Instructor (documented) - Annual update required to maintain certification - Must attend continuing professional development program at least once every 2 years; or - Show proof of furthering their profession in firearms training or related field such as: • Attend a training conference • Teach at a conference • Write an Article

Firearms Instructor Trainer Effective 01/01/11 

New Firearms Instructor Trainers can only recertify - Basic Firearms Instructor recertification classes - Advanced Firearms Instructor recertification classes - All programs under Basic & Advanced levels

Does not apply to Firearms Instructor Trainers certified prior to 01/01/11. - They will be permitted to instruct at the 10 Day Basic School

Firearms Instructor Trainers Certified prior to 1/1/11

Must update with the following  Less Lethal Program  Select Fire Program To remain at this level  

Courses to be scheduled for Select Fire Less Lethal can be done at 2 day Recertification

Master Firearms Instructor Trainer: (MFIT) Effective 01/01/11 

 

In 2006, the MPTC Firearms Coordinator established the Firearms Training Advisory Committee to update existing programs and create new ones. All instructors were invited to participate. Those instructors who took on this commitment and responsibility are now designated Master Firearms Instructor Trainers for their dedication and commitment to the MPTC Firearms Training program.

Master Firearms Instructor Trainer Requirements  

 

Must be a current member of the MPTC Firearms Committee; or Be a member of a subcommittee that reports to the MPTC Firearms Coordinator Be a Firearms Instructor Trainer Attend 50% of the scheduled meetings annually Required to maintain proficiency and practical application with the subjects they teach

Master Firearms Instructor Trainer: (MFIT)

Duties Shall teach all subjects designed and established by the Firearms Committee. Shall submit all documents to the Firearms Coordinator for approval to issue certifications for the subject taught.

Master Firearms Instructor Trainer Subjects will include but not limited to; 

   

   

  

10 Day Basic Firearms Instructor Course Basic Firearms Instructor Recertification Advance Firearms Instructor Advance Firearms Instructor Recertification Recertification of Firearms Instructor Trainer Less Lethal Certification Less Lethal Instructor Certification Less Lethal Instructor Recertification Select Fire Instructor Certification Select Fire Certification Select Fire Instructor Recertification Any Courses the Firearms Coordinator has authorized

State Standard 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts written “state standard” for firearms training MPTC Pistol Qualification course is the standard qualification course of fire Applicable to all that fall under the MPTC umbrella


State Standard  

Approved by the MPTC in March 2010 Establishes Minimum Re-Qualification and Continual Training Standards At this time, applies ONLY to handgun Required of ALL sworn Municipal Police Officers in the Commonwealth Includes Full Time, Reserve or Intermittent

Divided into Qualification & Training 33

Qualification 

Intended to - Document existing marksmanship proficiency - Safe firearms handling skills Qualify Annually - MPTC Pistol Qualification Course - Min. passing score of 80% - Duty Pistol (Revolver) - MPTC approved targets 34

Training Training is intended to improve the officer’s marksmanship proficiency and firearms handling skills under stress in a variety of potential shooting situations as well as to enhance officer safety and the safety of the public.  Has 3 required components - Review Policy, Safety, Safe Storage - 50 live fire handgun training session - 2nd practical training session 


Training 

Every officer shall complete, within a twelve month period, TWO training sessions in the use of the handgun.

1. At least 50 rounds of live fire in multiple exercises. 2. A second training session on a separate date. - This session does not have to be live fire. 36

Annual Training Standard 

Instruction and review of - Deadly force legal issues (case law) - Department policy on use of deadly force - Safe handling of firearms - Safe storage of firearms (c140s131L) This may be done at the time of qualification, range training or on a separate date


Annual Training Standard 

Live fire session will include at least 50 rounds. - Shall be fired during multiple training exercises. - Shall be in addition to the 50 rounds fired in the Qualification Course. - May be conducted on the same day as the 50 round Qualification Course - May use any target - Reactive targets encouraged 38

Annual Training Standard 

Training shall be realistic in nature or scenario based and include - Judgmental shooting - Reduced light shooting - Multiple target drills or scenarios - Moving targets - Shooting while moving - Use of cover - Shooting from a variety of positions - Sighted & Point shooting techniques 39

Annual Training Standard 

 

Second training session shall be held on a separate date from the live fire training. No time requirements The important thing is to have quality training and properly document the training with lesson plans and training reports.


Annual Training Standards 

Skill building drills may include - Simulators (Range 3000, FATS, etc.) - Simulations (Simunitions®, Airsoft, Plastic rounds or Red/Blue Guns)

Departments are encouraged to use MPTC instructors in their programs


Shotgun Qualification 

Old Qualification Course More Familiarization then Qualification  Did not have any practical exercises  Needed to change  Becomes obsolete on Jan. 1, 2013 

New Shotgun Qualification    

 

Latest Change in the Firearms Program Needed to be more practical Falls in line with the whole Firearms Program Includes downloading / unloading as a testable component in the Qualification Emphasizes tactical reloading “replace what you Shoot” Movement, use of cover & multiple rounds Shooting on the move 43

New Shotgun Program 

Some of the Course Fundamentals:  Fundamentals of Shotgun Operation  Marksmanship  Loading, Downloading & Unloading  Different Shooting Positions  Tactical Reloading (topping off) “Put back what you shoot”  Movement  Use of cover

25 Yard Stage STAGE ONE – KNEELING FROM COVER 3 Rounds (slug only)  Shooter [email protected] 30 yard line with an Unloaded & Safe Weapon. “Load to Transport Condition”  Command “Gun or Threat”  Weapon placed into “Tactical Condition” from Transport Condition  Command “Advance” shooter advances to 25 yard line  From Behind Cover & the Kneeling Position  On the command “UP”, the shooter engages the target with 3 rounds  Covering the target, Top Off, (“Put back what you shoot")

15 Yard Stage STAGE TWO Standing 15 Yards 4 Rounds (Slug Only)  Shooter begins at 25 Yards with “Topped Off “ Weapon  On the Command “Advance” Shooter advances to 15 Yards with Safety “ON”  At the 15 Yard Line  On Command “Gun or Threat" verbal challenge  On Command “UP” Shooters engages with 4 rounds.  Cover the target, use cover if available, Top Off “Put Back What You Shoot”

10 Yard Stage STAGE THREE – PIVOTS 10 Yards 6 Rounds (Slug or Buck)  Shooter begins at the 15 Yard line with “Topped Off” Weapon  On Command the command “Advance” Shoots moves to the 10 yards  At the 10 yard line, shooters will depress muzzle, “SAFETY CIRCLE”  Shooters faces Right Muzzle Fully Depressed. (Safety Circle)  On the command “ Gun or Threat”, shooters will; (in order of sequence) –  LOOK to identify the threat,  PIVOT to face the threat,  MUZZLE UP and Verbalize  On Command “UP” Engage 2 Rounds  Line Faces Left Pivots Right 2 Rounds  Line Faces Rear Pivots 180 Degrees 2 Rounds Students will always “Put Back What They Shoot”

10 to 7 Yard - Shooting on the Move STAGE FOUR: SHOOTING ON THE MOVE 10 to 7 Yards. 4 Rounds Slug or Buck  From the 10 Yards:      

From “low ready” On the Command “Advance” Advance from 10 to 7 yard Fire two rounds on the command “UP” while moving between 10 and 7 Yards. 7 Yards Cover – Scan- Top Off “Put Back What you Shoot” Repeat Stage Once more for a total of 4 Rounds

Instructors should encourage shooters NOT to stop when they shoot - keep the line moving.

7 Yards - Control Pairs w/ Movement STAGE FIVE – CONTROLLED PAIRS with Movement 7 Yards 6 Rounds Buck or Slug  At the 7 Yard Line 

 

  

Shooters face threat low ready position. Fire 2 rounds on the command “UP” 2 Rounds Move (left or right) as directed. Scan – Cover - Top Off

Repeat twice more total of 6 Rounds Safety ON while at Low Ready On the Command “Advance” move to the 5 yard line

5 Yards - Hammer Drill   

 

STAGE SIX – HAMMER DRILL 5 Yards 2 Rounds Slug or Buck At 5 Yards from “low ready”. On the Command “UP” Fire two rounds in rapid succession to center mass.

Down Load & Unload make Safe DEMONSTRATE UNLOAD & DOWNLOAD THE SHOTGUN make SAFE The shotgun will have 3 rounds remaining (including one in the chamber).  Shooters will demonstrate ability to download to “Transport Mode”  Shooter will unload their shotgun and make “Safe”  This skill set is part of the shotgun qualification and must be demonstrated.

If necessary, this evaluation may be conducted off the range with dummy rounds.

Remember – You do not get sued for ‘failure to qualify’…

You are sued for FAILURE TO TRAIN 52



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