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Lesson 1 - Setting and Mood Setting can . . . serve as a backdrop be symbolic provide information about characters can help or hinder characters in achieving their goals create physical hardships or challenges
Setting and Mood • The setting of a story affects how we and the characters feel about their surroundings. • Setting can make things seem pleasant OR create an air of foreboding. THIS IS CALLED MOOD
Setting and Mood Page # Setting Description Function(s) in the Story
• As notice the p. 1 setting, try to figure out p. 41 what the writer is trying to convey.
Planes are never allowed to fly over the community.
Creates an air of mystery. Also helps to demonstrate the limits within the society.
Include at least 5 examples. What’s the overall mood of the story?
Lesson 2 - Characterization • Character: Someone/something whose actions, choices, thoughts, ideas, words, and influence are important in developing the plot. • Protagonist: A single character (or small group of characters) whose goal or problem is the core of the plot. *If they’re good, they’re often referred to as the “hero” of the story. • Antagonist: Character, group or force that opposes the protagonist. *May be referred to as a villain.
Characterization – the name for the technique a writer uses to reveal the personality of characters. It is achieved in a number of ways. Words: comments, dialogue, what is said, how it is said
Thoughts: what’s going on in the character’s mind; motives & choices
Appearance: physical characteristics and clothing
Actions: what the character does
Interactions: how the character relates to others
Names: often symbolic of a major character trait or role
Chosen Setting: the items, furnishings, etc. that the character chooses to surround himself/herself
Change/Development the occurrence of and direction of change or development that a character undergoes inwardly
What techniques does the author rely on for characterization? Any not used? Why?
Characterization Continuum Self-controlled -------------------------- Overwhelmed Write paragraph about how The Giver changes over time
Gullible --------------------------------------------Insightful Jonas and the community
Honest ------------------------------------------- Deceptive Jonas
Follower/Dependent ------------ Leader/Independent The Giver, Jonas, Father
Write a paragraph explaining the character change throughout the story along the continuum.
Lesson 3 - Conflict • Core of the story’s plot • Makes us wonder if the protagonist will attain his/her goal • Adds suspense and excitement ONE OVERARCHING CONFLICT usually takes up most of the book. Each scene/chapter may have its own smaller conflict.
Conflict • Internal: Conflicting desires, value, personality traits or motives. Takes place within the character’s mind and heart. • External: May be with another individual, with a task or problem, with society, with nature, with an idea, or with a force such as good or evil.
Conflict 1. Explain the type of
conflict involved in this story, for example, man vs. man, man vs. self, man vs. nature. Write a 7 – 10 sentence paragraph with one quote explaining the type of conflict involved and the significance to the story.
2. Make and fill out a chart showing the conflict for every chapter. Chapter # Ch. 1
Ch. 2 Ch. 3 Ch. 4
Ch. 5 Ch. 6 Ch. 7
Lesson 4 – Plot: The Design of the Story 1.
2. 3. 4. 5.
Plot: sequence of actions Exposition (introduction of essential background information, as well as characters, situations, and conflicts. May be found throughout the story as well as the beginning. Complication or Rising Action (beginning of the central conflict in the story Crisis/Turning Point/Climax (main character’s action or choice determines the outcome of the conflict) Falling Action (time when the ending becomes inevitable) Resolution or Denouement (when conflicts are resolved and story is concluded)
Plot – The Design of the Story PLOT STRUCTURE As you read The Giver, pause at the end of each chapter, and identify where it fits in the plot structure. MAJOR EVENTS List 7 – 10 important events in chronological order with one sentence explanation for each event describing how it connects to the conflict.
Lesson 5 - Theme • Generalization about life or human behavior or values; the author’s insight into the way things are that s/he wants to share with readers • Shaped by the author’s intention and purpose • In stories with complex issues, while you may find multiple themes, look for a single, over-arching theme.
Theme 1. Theme Chart 2. Explain theme from story. Write a 7 – 10 sentence paragraph with one quote explaining the theme of the story
Lesson 6 - Dystopia UTOPIA: “No place” in Greek. Title of book in 1516 by Sir Thomas Moore showing a perfect society on an imaginary island. DYSTOPIA: “Bad or impaired place” in Greek. Dystopias show dehumanized rather than ideal societies. BOTH: Focus on contemporary problems. Can be a critique of present society by bringing attention to evils or ills of society. May be a call to social action.
Dystopia 1. Explain why this is a dystopian society. Describe the intention of the society and its structure. (7 – 10 sentences with one quote to support) 2. Is this story a critique of our society? A call to social action? If so, what evils or ills of contemporary society do you think are being addressed? If not, what is the author’s purpose? (7 – 10 sentences with one quote to support
Lesson 7: Book Evaluation • Identify the work by including title, author, genre. • Briefly summarize the plot (include names of main characters, the basic plot conflict, the setting, and the background of the situation). • State your assessment of the work
Book Evaluation Responding positively: • The plot is suspenseful and interesting • The theme resonates with what you believe • You like or admire one or more of the characters • The vivid description catches your interest • The book is amusing and enjoyable • You learn something valuable • You are so absorbed that you can’t wait to read more • You find insights or understandings that enrich your life
Use quotes from text to support your evaluation
Book Evaluation Responding negatively: • Dialogue is unbelievable • Characterization is weak • Characters’ motivations are not believable • Plot is convoluted or unbelievable • Attitudes expressed seem inappropriate to you • Genre doesn’t appeal to you
Use quotes from text to support your evaluation