PAC FP - X-CD System Conference Management

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Obstetrics
Share Embed Donate


Short Description

Download PAC FP - X-CD System Conference Management...

Description

Breaking the Cycle of Unintended Pregnancy in Postpartum and Postabortion Women Carolyn Curtis, CNM, MSN, FACNM Office of Population & Reproductive Health US Agency for International Development 2013 International Conference on Family Planning Addis Ababa, November 15, 2013

Overview  Barriers  Postpartum Women  Postabortion Women

 How to overcome “missed opportunities”

Barriers to FP services for postpartum and postabortion (PAC) clients Outcomes when barriers are overcome:

Barriers Structure of services Exaggerated provider concerns (re STI, PID, infertility, expulsion)

Provider bias Lack of knowledge re: return to fertility Lack of skills Source: RESPOND Project, 2012.

Myths and misperceptions Inappropriate eligibility criteria Stigma Where births occur Poor CPI

↑ ↑ Access ↑ ↑ Quality of services

↑ ↑ Choice and use ↓ ↓ Rapid repeat pregnancy ↓ ↓ Abortion

Family planning programs: What has worked? Ten Essential Elements of Successful FP Programs

1. Supportive Policies 2. Evidence Based Programming 3. Strong Leadership and Good Management

Selected, High-Impact Practices (HIPs)

• Community-based services & task-shifting / task-sharing • Postpartum FP

4. Effective Communication Strategies

• Postabortion FP (PAC)

5. Contraceptive Security

• Mobile outreach services

6. High Performing Staff 7. Client-Centered Care 8. Easy Access To Services 9. Affordable Services 10. Appropriate Integration of Services Source: Population Reports 2008, JHU.

Who are the women? 1 in 4 women in developing countries have an unmet need for FP = 222 MILLION women with unmet need! Each year:  210 million pregnancies  80 million unintended pregnancies  44 million abortions  31 million stillbirths  Approximately 130 million births = 130 million postpartum women

Reproductive intentions of postpartum women – 12 months following a birth 100%

95%

80% 65% 60%

40% 30% 20% 5% 0% Want to give Want to space birth in 2 years or limit

Using FP method

Not using a method

Source: Ross and Winfrey “Contraceptive use, Intention to use, and unmet need during the extended postpartum period, Intl FP Perspectives, 2001. Analysis of DHS data from 27 countries

Unmet need, contraceptive use & reproductive intention in women 0-12 months postpartum 100 90 80 70

74 65

62

60

54

52

50

44

42

40 30

32

29 18

20 10

5

8 4

4

3

0 Global % Unmet Need

Sub-Saharan Africa

Middle East

% Using Method - Modern & Traditional

Asia

Latin America

% Desiring birth within 2 years

Source: Ross, J, Winfrey, W, Contraceptive Use, Intention to Use and Unmet Need During the Extended Postpartum Period, International Family Planning Perspectives, 2001 27(1) 20-27.

Postpartum FP use and method mix among women giving birth in previous 12 months 100 90 80 70

62

60 50

92

87

87

83

78

77

77

76

40

30 20 10 0

Permanent method

LARCs

Short-acting resupply

Source: RESPOND Project, secondary analysis of respective DHS, 2010.

Traditional method

Not using

PAC FP: background

 26% of the world’s 7 billion people are aged 10-24

 FP demand in young and unmarried women is high, but access is constrained:  50-80% demand among married women age 15-24; 20-40% unmet need  ~ 90% of unmarried women 15-24 in all regions of the world do not want to become pregnant, but their unmet need is very high, approaching 50% in some sub-Saharan African countries

 Complications of unsafe abortion are a main cause of death in 15-19 year-old women in low-resource countries  A considerable problem in the U.S. too: The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends that its members “encourage adolescents age 15-19 to consider implants and IUDs as the best reversible methods for preventing unintended pregnancy, rapid repeat pregnancy, and abortion in young women.” --ACOG Committee Opinion #539, Obstet. Gynecol., 2012; 120(4):983-988

PAC FP: How we fail women 100

80 77% 60

60%

40 20

32% 20%

0 Using FP before pregnancy (method failure) Desire to space or limit next pregnancy Desired a FP method before leaving facility Left facility with FP method Source: Situation Analyses in Haiti, Dominican Republic, & Nicaragua. Population Council, 2008

Preventing missed opportunities: What can we do?  Reorganize services to integrate/strengthen FP services with:  Postpartum (including EMOC), Postabortion, MCH, HIV/AIDS

 Task-sharing / task-shifting (proven; widely endorsed)  Mid-level providers • Clinical Officers, Midwives, Nurses • injectables, implants, IUDs, permanent methods

 Community Health Workers • Injectables, implants (e.g., Ethiopia)

 Use mobile outreach  Dedicated providers, free services, wide method choice: leads to greater access and use

 Decentralize services

Impact of decentralizing PAC services to lower-level fixed sites PAC Clients, 21 Districts in Tanzania (October 1, 2007 - September 30, 2010)

Results:  Decentralized PAC services in 21 districts  293 health care workers trained

PAC Clients

17,262

Counseled on FP

14,737

 FP counseling and services in 224 sites Accepted

Source: ACQUIRE Tanzania Project

12,106

0

5,000

10,000

15,000

Number of PAC clients

20,000

Integration of FP with immunization – seems a good idea, but not much solid evidence yet FP Acceptors

Vaccines Administered

600

16000 14000

500 12000 400

10000 307

300

FP -Post FP- Pre 167

200

7525

8000 5839

6000 4000 5839

100

2000

200

4185

144

0 0

Test Group Test Group

Control

Control Group

Huntington, D. and Aplogan, A., The Integration of Family Planning and Childhood Immunisation Services in Togo Studies in Family Planning, Vol 25, No.3, 1994

Imm - Post Imm - Pre

Joint Statements by:      

FIGO ICM ICN DFID Gates White Ribbon Alliance  Others

to advance postpartum and postabortion FP

What is needed to ensure “No missed opportunity”? National Level

Facility Level

 Make FP & LA/PMs available and at reduced cost or free

 Ensure the latest WHO FP service delivery guidelines are in place – and model following them in practice

 Support proven policy changes for midlevel providers

 Reorganize services to ensure FP services at same location (PP, PAC, EMOC).

 Include FP in pre-service curricula & certifying exams

 Become a visible “champion” in your facility for increasing FP availability and access.

 Ensure contraceptive supply

 Change in the WHO MEC for postpartum women

Thank You!!!

Photo credits: Slide 1 (left to right), A. Jackson/EngenderHealth; A. Fiorente/EngenderHealth; C. Svingen/EngenderHealth. Slide 5 (top to bottom), M. Tuschman/EngenderHealth; C. Svingen/EngenderHealth; M. Tuschman/EngenderHealth; E. Uphoff/EngenderHealth.

View more...

Comments

Copyright � 2017 NANOPDF Inc.
SUPPORT NANOPDF