Personal Fall Arrest System Personal fall arrest systems

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Business, Management
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This training presentation is part of FHM’s commitment to creating and keeping safe workplaces.

Be sure to check out all the training programs that are specific to your industry.

Fall Protection for Construction ►►►

These materials have been developed based on applicable federal laws and regulations in place at the time the materials were created. The program is being provided for educational and informational purposes only and does not constitute and is not intended to provide OSHA compliance certification, regulatory compliance, a substitute for any "hands on“ training required by applicable laws and regulations, or other legal or professional advice or services. By accessing the materials, you assume all responsibility and risk arising from the use of the content contained therein. ©2010 Grainger Safety Services, Inc.

Learning Objectives At the end of this course you will: ► Have ► Plan

knowledge and skills needed for fall hazards

and work safely when hazards are present

Agenda Today’s agenda: ► Overview ► Fall

protection strategies

► Types ► Your

of equipment for fall arrest systems


Section 1


The Hazards of Working at Heights Frequently cited OSHA provisions are failure to: ► Protect

workers from falls of 6 feet or more

► Protect

workers from falling into floor openings

► Provide


The Hazards of Working at Heights Hazards causing most fall-related injuries: ► Unprotected ► Improper

scaffold construction

► Unguarded ► Misuse

sides, wall openings, and floor holes

protruding steel rebar

of portable ladders

Employee Training Training is required in the following areas: ►The

nature of fall hazards

►Correct ►Use

procedures for fall protection systems

and operation of protection devices


in safety monitoring and fall protection plan


of equipment

Employee Training Refresher training is required if there are: ► Changes

in the workplace

► Changes

in the types of fall protection systems

► Inadequacies

in an affected employee's knowledge

Control Measures Control measures used to for serious hazards: ► Perform

work at ground level

► Restrain

worker so they can not reach the edge

► Use

aerial lifts

► Use

control line and personal fall arrest systems

► Cover

holes as they are created

Section 2

Fall Protection Strategies

Fall Protection Strategies Fall Protection Strategies include: ► Guardrails ► Safety


► Personal ► Warning

fall arrest systems lines

► Controlled ► Safety

access zones


► Covers ► Fall

protection plans

Guardrail Systems A barrier to prevent employee falls to lower levels: ► Specific


– Height of top rails shall be 42 inches plus or minus 3 inches above walking or working level

– Withstand force of at least 200 pounds

Safety Net Safety nets must have: ► Border

rope for webbing

► Minimum

breaking strength of 5,000 pounds

Installations must be tested: ► After

initial installation or major repair

► Before

being used

► Whenever ► At


6-month intervals if left in one place

► Inspected

for deterioration at least once weekly

Personal Fall Arrest System Personal fall arrest systems: ► Stops ► Limit ► Be

employee falls from working levels

maximum arresting force to 1,800 lbs


► Complete ► Strength

stop and limit maximum deceleration

to withstand twice the potential impact energy

Warning Line System Roof barrier warning of side or edge ► Warning

lines shall consist of:

– Ropes – Wires – Chains – Supporting stanchions

Controlled Access Zones Controlled access zone is permitted only in: ► Overhand ► Fall

brick laying and related work

Protection Plan for leading edge work

Controlled access zone should be as follows: ► Consist

of ropes, wires, tapes, or equivalent and supporting stanchions

► Flagged ► Rigged

and supported

► Minimum

breaking strength of 200 pounds

Safety Monitoring Safety monitoring permitted when: ► Employees ► Workers

are engaged in low slope roofing work

are covered by written fall protection plan

Employer designated competent person must: ► Be

able to recognize hazards

► Monitor ► Visual ► Can

working or walking surfaces

sight and communication

not be distracted duties

Covers Covers protect employees from falls through holes: ► Holes ► Sites


surveyed before working

► Continually ► Support

audit as work continues

two times the weight of employees

Fall Protection Plan Written fall protection plan must state: ► Why

conventional fall protection systems cannot be used where the fall hazard is present

► Measures

taken to reduce or eliminate fall hazard where conventional fall protection systems cannot be used

An example fall protection plan is provided in the OSHA fall protection standard

Section 3

Personal Fall Arrest Equipment

Equipment Use, Care, and Maintenance Equipment used: ► Body


► Vertical

lifeline or lanyard

► Horizontal


► Webbing ► Connectors ► Anchorages

Body Harness Body harnesses are designed to: ► Minimize

stress forces

► Provides

freedom of movement

► Minimize

force on the body in falls

Vertical Lifeline or Lanyard Vertical lifeline or lanyard must have: ► Strength

of 5,000 lbs or more

► Protected ► Separate

from being cut or abraded vertical lifeline for each employee

► Self-retracting

vertical lifelines have minimum strength of 3,000 lbs

Horizontal Lifeline Horizontal lifelines: ► Designed, ► Complete

installed, and used under supervision personal fall arrest system

Webbing Ropes and straps used in: ► Lifelines

► Lanyards ► Body ► Made

harness strength component from synthetic fibers

Connectors Made of drop-forged, pressed or formed steel, or equivalent material: ► Rings

and Snap hooks

– Minimum tensile strength of 5,000 lbs Unless designed for it, do not engage to: ► Webbing, ► Each

rope, or wire


► D-ring

► Horizontal


► incompatibly

shaped object

Anchorages Used in attachment of personal fall arrest equipment: ► Must

be independent of anchorage

► Supports

at least 5,000 lbs

Section 4

Your Responsibilities

Your Responsibilities Your Responsibilities: ► Recognize ► Utilize ► Use

fall hazards in the workplace

fall protection strategies

personal fall arrest systems equipment

Additional Information Additional Resources:

Stairways and Ladders: A Guide to OSHA Rules. OSHA Publication 3124, (2003) Preventing Worker Deaths and Injuries from Falls Through Skylights and Roof Openings. NIOSH Publication No. 90-100, (1989, December) Plain Language Revision of OSHA Instruction. STD 03-00-001 [STD 3-0.1A], (1999, June18)

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