PowerPoint Slides - University of Canberra

January 12, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Writing, Journalism
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Beginning research for assignments


Session outline   

  

Terminology Analysing your question Different information sources ◦ When to use them ◦ Where to find them ◦ What they look like in a reading list The information cycle Starting research Where to get more help

Terminology: 

Journals OR Serials ◦ regular publications which contain scholarly articles for academic readers ◦ Journals are published in yearly volumes ◦ Volumes are comprised of monthly or quarterly issues ◦ Each issue contains multiple articles

Peer-reviewed OR refereed journals ◦ All articles are reviewed by experts in the field before publication

Databases ◦ Searchable collections of information or data ◦ Most of our academic journals are accessible via databases ◦ Some databases contain full text (complete articles) ◦ Other databases provide just the reference and abstract (summary)

Terminology cont’d: 

Reference ◦ A formal, detailed description of a book, journal article etc ◦ Example:  Behrens, L. (2010). A sequence for academic writing. New York, N.Y.: Pearson.

In-text reference OR Citation ◦ An abbreviated reference within the body of an assignment to guide the reader to the detailed reference in the Reference List or Bibliography

Referencing style ◦ Rules for the format, punctuation & elements of references ◦ Examples: Harvard, APA

Analysing your question Before you can start your research, you need to know what you’re looking for!

Identify direction words & limiting words: ◦ direction words tell you what sort of assignment to write  e.g. discuss, analyse, evaluate ◦ limiting words define the boundaries of your research  e.g. 2 years, three examples, in Australia  specific aspects of a topic  Identify the key concepts of the question 


Sample question: 

Discuss the impact of snow sports on alpine environments, providing case studies of at least three resort areas, each in different countries. Evaluate infrastructure, environmental and economic factors.

Circle the direction words  Underline the limiting words  Highlight the key concepts  More info on Academic Skills Centre page 


Start with background reading: ◦ What defines an ‘alpine environment’ ◦ Find three (or more) resort areas ◦ What is ‘infrastructure’ For other questions this might involve checking definitions, breaking broad terms into separate aspects etc

List different forms of your key concepts: ◦ Synonyms and related terms e.g. snow sports, winter sports, alpine sports etc.



Contain: •broad, background information

Useful for: •broad understanding of the topic

•history, development of a topic •Often just one chapter or Example of a book reference: •classic examples, theories & section of a book May, C. A., & May, G. S. (2006). Effective writing:will apply theorists a handbook for accountants (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall. Example & of an e-book reference: BOOKS E-BOOKS

Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722 How to find books: •Reading list in your Unit Example of a chapter reference: Outline Nicholson, N. R. (2013). Social isolation. In I. M. Lubkin & P. D. Larsen (Eds.), Chronic •Bibliography of text illness: and intervention. Burlington, book and otherimpact readings Mass.: Jones & Bartlett Learning. •Library catalogue or UCanFind

Contain: •Concise, focused information •Detailed research •Some conference papers •Case studies

Useful for: •Lending authority to your writing •Strengthening your argument •Supporting your view

•Up to date information – journals are published frequently

Examples of journal references: JOURNAL &(2005). E-JOURNAL ARTICLES Munslow, A. Getting on with history. Rethinking History, 9(4), 497-501. How to find journal articles: Fernsten, L. A., & Reda, M. (2011). Helping •Library students databases over meetindex the challenges of academic 40,000 journals writing. Teaching in Higher Education, 16(2), 171-182. to doi:10.1080/13562517.2010.507306 •Use UCanFind search broadly across all databases • Select Subject Guides on the Library page to search specific databases

Contain: •Immediate, breaking news •Current affairs

Useful for: •Local information

•Editorial comment

•Advertising trends •Economic information

Examples of news source •Politics references: NEWS SOURCES issues Waterford, J. (2007, May•Social 30). Bill of Rights gets it wrong. The Canberra Times, p. 11. How to find news & current affairs: Funding changes unlikely to affect •Print copiesNorth of major daily Coast TAFE (2012, October newspapers 25). in Library ABC News. Retrieved from http://www.abc.net.au/news •Limit results to Newspaper Articles in UcanFind •Specialised databases listed on the Subject Guides page

Contain: Useful for: •Some scholarly, professional information •Quick, easy searching •Many sites for children or general public •Current, popular information – not appropriate for academic use •Images, maps, logos etc •Always important to evaluate information carefully

•Company information

Example of web site reference: WEB RESOURCES •MacIsaac, D. (1995). An introduction to action research. Retrieved from http://physicsed.buffalostate. edu/danowner/actionrsch.html

How to find scholarly web sites: •Library Subject Guides list selected sites for each area of study •Use links from professional organisations and Government departments

THE INFORMATION CYCLE There is also a time factor in information sources  Let’s look at the information cycle, using the 20072009 Global Financial Crisis as an example 

The information cycle WITHIN HOURS





Eye witness accounts, public reaction

Comment, official statements

Causes, impacts & more details

Research on particular aspects

Websites, radio,TV, social media

Detailed research & long term impacts

Newspapers, other news sources


Scholarly journals


Exercise: 

Look at the references and questions: ◦ References: What type of source is this a reference to? ◦ Questions: What type of source would you use to find information on this topic?

Handy hints: ◦ Remember the distinctive features for each type of reference ◦ Ask for help if you need it – we want you to help you get them all right!

Exercise answers:

What type of information source is each reference describing? Diani, G. (2012). Text and corpus work, EAP writing, and language learners. In R. Tang (Ed.), Academic writing in a second or foreign language (pp. 87-106). London: Continuum.

Dooley, M. D., Payne, A. A., & Robb, A. L. (2012). Persistence and academic success in University. Canadian Public Policy, 38(3), 315339. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.canberra.edu.au/login?url=http://search.ebscohost .com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=80379636&site=ehostlive Satariano, W. A. (2012). Mobility and Aging. American Journal of Public Health, 102(8), 1508-1515. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2011.300631

Book chapter

Journal article

Journal article

The sprint to election day. (2012, October 26). New York Times, 32.

Newspaper article

Sword, H. (2012). Stylish academic writing. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.


United Nations Environment Programme. (2012).The global garbage crisis: no time to waste. Retrieved November 7, 2012, from http://www.unep.org /newscentre/Default.aspx?DocumentID=2698&ArticleID=9317&l=e n


What type of information source would you use to find the following information?

…detailed research comparing recovery times for sports injuries treated by acupuncture or by physiotherapy


…results of football matches played in a small country town


…the current organisational structure at BHP

BHP Website

…research into cell death and neurological disorders


…the history of primary school teacher training in Australia


…clinical trials of two new drugs for the treatment of arthritis


Start research on the Library page Use UCanFind to search broadly across journal databases and catalogue

Your lecturer may have some readings listed on E-Reserve, use the …more link to go to E-Reserve

Search UC Library catalogue for known titles, specific items Search Subject Guides for specialised databases & other resources on more complex topics

Register online for training sessions, or view online tutorials Use UC Referencing Guide for correct referencing

For more help… Help is always available LIBRARY

Ask a Librarian online: • Ask a question by email • Online chat 10.303.30 Monday-Friday In person: • Research Assistance Desk • Level B of the Library

Phone: • 62015082



In person • ASC Rovers in the Library or Student Commons

Access via Moodle: • Have your writing reviewed within 24 hours

• Have your writing reviewed at a drop in session or an individual appointment

• Chat online with a live tutor

• Phone: 62012205 for an appointment

• Schedule to chat with a specialised tutor

• Send a tutor an academic question


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