Preliminary Report launch presentation - Malta Census 2011

January 14, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Pediatrics
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Census of Population and Housing 2011 - Preliminary results 3 October 2012

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

• Legal background • Participation in the Census • Confidentiality • Information Campaign • Census Operations • Fieldwork • Inputting of Data

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

• Residents of Malta • Place of usual residence • Households • Institutions

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

• Population section • Housing section

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

• Population growth • Geographical distribution • Population density • Gender distribution • Age distribution • Distribution by Nationality

Presentation Outline

• General Information • Concepts and Definitions • The Census questionnaire • Preliminary results • Post-Enumeration

• Follow-up exercise • Accuracy of preliminary findings • Final report

General Information

General Information Legal Background • A Census provides information about the count, characteristics, composition and condition of the population and dwellings in a country. • The Census of Population and Housing is a form of national stock-taking, usually held every 10 years. • Census night: midnight of Sunday 20 November 2011. • Malta aligned its censuses with the EU. The last census was carried out in 2005. • Census carried out in conformity with the Census Act of 1948 and Regulation 763/2008 of the European Parliament and Council.

General Information Legal Background • The Census Order, made by the Hon. Prime Minister, was published on 1 November 2011 by means of Legal Notice No. 419 of 2011.

• Mr. Michael Pace Ross, Director General of the National Statistics Office, was appointed Census Officer.

General Information Participation in the Census • Participation in the Census is obligatory in terms of the Census Act of 1948 and any person failing or refusing to provide information may be subject to legal action. • All residents are obliged to provide the information asked in the questionnaire to the best of their knowledge as at Census Night.

Confidentiality • All information collected during the Census remains strictly confidential, and any breach of confidentiality will render involved individuals liable to a fine and/or imprisonment.

General Information Information Campaign • Extensive communications campaign carried out to maximise public awareness and enhance co-operation (TV, Radio,

Newspapers, Magazines). • Website (www.census2011.gov.mt) contained updated information on the Census and the latest developments. • Support was also available through the email address: [email protected] • Freephone service (number 170) – operated between October and December 2011 through a dedicated Call Centre - received nearly 25,000 calls. • Stand at the Malta Fairs and Conventions Centre (MFCC).

General Information Census Operations • Organisational structure (Census Office) set-up in the first quarter of 2011 to co-ordinate: methodology, logistics, information technology and communications. • Census process involved almost 1,200 persons, headed by the Census Officer, including: two deputies, three co-ordinators, six district managers, five area supervisors, 28 call centre operators, 91 supervisors, and 1,021 enumerators. • Ex-Pilar School was rented to accommodate all Census operations.

• 41 schools across Malta and Gozo provided logistical support to enumerators during the Census period.

General Information Census Operations Census Officer

Chief coordinators

Census Office

Area Supervisors

District Managers Supervisors

Defines field operations

Enumerators Defines data collection

General Information Census Operations • Large Recruitment process. • Training and Briefing sessions to all Census staff (in Malta and Gozo).

• Detailed manual provided to all staff involved in the data collection process. • Setting-up of 1,021 Enumeration Areas, consisting of a number of streets or parts thereof in a particular locality covering an average of 180-230 dwellings. • All Maltese localities reflected the boundaries of the Local Council and were grouped into six Districts, as per the Local Administrative Unit (LAU) classification.

General Information Census Operations

MALTA

Districts [6] Localities [68]

Enumeration Areas [1021]

Dwellings

General Information Fieldwork • Census questionnaires were mailed to 153,000 households in the last week of October 2011. • Census questionnaires were collected by the Enumerators between 7 November and 4 December 2011. • Contact was not established with some households during the Census period, which could have been living elsewhere in Malta or were living abroad. These are still being followed up by the Census Office.

• To date, over 146,000 Census questionnaires were collected, a coverage of almost 98 per cent of the total estimated number of occupied dwellings in Malta.

General Information Inputting of Data • During the Census period, a set of key variables from all questionnaires received were entered on a daily basis. These included: - residential address information (of usual place of residence), - name, surname, identity card number, - date of birth, sex, acquisition of Maltese nationality • This enabled Census Office to identify potential problematic areas and to be able to start following-up households which were not enumerated.

Concepts and Definitions

Concepts and Definitions Residents of Malta • All Residents of Malta must be enumerated, including: - Persons residing in Malta for a continuous period of at least 12 months before 20 November 2011; or - Persons who arrived in Malta during the 12 months before 20 November 2011 with the intention of staying in Malta for at least 12 months; or

- A person who moved to a country other than Malta for a period of less than 12 months and has the intention to return to Malta; or - Persons who may be illegal, irregular or undocumented migrants, asylum-seekers and persons who have applied for or been granted refugee status or similar types of international protection.

Concepts and Definitions Place of Usual Residence • Place where a person normally spends his/her daily period of rest, regardless of temporary absences for purposes of recreation, holidays, visits to friends and relatives, business, medical treatment or religious pilgrimage. • A person is temporarily absent from his/her place of usual residence if he/she is absent, or expected to be absent, at the time of the Census for less than 12 months. Temporarily absent persons are also included in the total enumerated population. • Address of place of usual residence need not necessarily be the same as the one on the person’s identity (ID) card.

Concepts and Definitions Households • A household is defined in terms of shared residence and common arrangements, as: - One person living alone; or - A group of persons (not necessarily related) living at the same address with common house-keeping i.e. sharing a meal on most days or sharing a living or sitting room.

• A dwelling is a building that is used entirely or primarily as a residence, including any associated structures, such as garages, and all permanent fixtures customarily installed in residences. • Homeless persons who may live without a fixed place of shelter are also enumerated.

Concepts and Definitions Institutions • An institution is understood to be a legal body for the purpose of long-term inhabitation and provision of services to a group of persons. • Institutions have common facilities shared by the occupants such as cooking and toilet facilities, baths, lounge rooms or dormitories. • Institutional households comprise persons whose need for shelter and subsistence is being provided by an institution. These include: homes for the elderly, convents and monasteries, hotels, hospitals, prisons, convalescent homes, welfare institutions, etc.

Census Questionnaire

Census Questionnaire • Divided into two parts: • Demographic and socio-demographic topics (Population), and • Housing. • Prepared after consultation meetings were held with a number of Organisations in June and July 2011.

• Ensures continuation with previous censuses carried out in Malta. It also conforms to the recommendations, concepts and definitions on population censuses of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ENECE) and Eurostat. • Pilot-tested among a random sample of households in August. • Provided in Maltese or English language.

Preliminary Results

Preliminary Results Population Growth along the years • Total estimated population in 2011 stands at 416,055. • Of these, 8,710 persons reside in institutions, the majority of which are homes for elderly people. • The majority of persons residing in institutions are females (55.5 per cent) and aged 65 or over (54.0 per cent).

Preliminary Results Population Growth along the years Population counts between 1842 and 2011

50,000

212,258

184,742

165,037

149,782

134,055

100,000

123,496

150,000

141,775

200,000

211,564

416,055

378,132

314,216

319,620

305,991

250,000

241,621

300,000

114,499

population count

350,000

345,418

400,000

404,962

450,000

0 1842 1851 1861 1871 1881 1891 1901 1911 1921 1931 1948 1957 1967 1985 1995 2005 2011 year

Preliminary Results Population Growth along the years • In 100 years, Maltese population nearly doubled, from 211,564 in 1911 to 416,055 in 2011. • Largest average annual population growth was recorded between 1931 and 1948 with 3,786. • Between 1957 and 1967, the population decreased by 5,404, this being attributed to a substantial number of Maltese residents who emigrated. • Population growth rate increased at a lower rate between 2005 and 2011.

intercensal period

2005-2011

1995-2005

1985-1995

1967-1985

1957-1967

1948-1957

1931-1948

1921-1931

1911-1921

1901-1911

1891-1901

1881-1891

1871-1881

1861-1871

1851-1861

1842-1851

% change

Preliminary Results

Population Growth along the years Percentage intercensal change

30.0

25.0

20.0

15.0

10.0

5.0

0.0

-5.0

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Districts • Largest concentration of the population was in the Northern Harbour District with 28.9 per cent of the entire population (120,063 residents). • Smallest district was Gozo and Comino with 7.5 per cent of the population (31,143 residents). Gozo and Comino, 7.5%

Southern Harbour District, 19.0%

Northern District, 15.3%

Western District, 13.9%

South Eastern District, 15.4%

Northern Harbour District, 28.9%

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Districts Population distribution by district: 1995, 2005 and 2011

Southern Harbour District

district

Northern Harbour District

South Eastern District Western District

Northern District Gozo and Comino 0

15,000

30,000

45,000

60,000

75,000

population count 2011

2005

1995

90,000

105,000 120,000 135,000

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Districts • Largest increase over the years was observed in the Northern District, with increases of 41.8 per cent and 11.2 per cent over 1995 and 2005 respectively. • This was followed by the South Eastern District, with increases of 26.6 per cent and 8 per cent from 1995 and 2005 respectively. • These two districts were the only ones with an increase larger than the national average. • The Southern Harbour District was the only district showing a drop in population along the years, from 83,234 in 1995 to 81,047 in 2005 and 79,203 in 2011.

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Localities • 16 localities in Malta had more than 10,000 residents, with an average of 7,128 in Malta compared to 2,224 in Gozo. • The largest 12 localities in Malta remained unchanged. • Largest locality was Birkirkara with 21,533 residents, followed by Mosta and St. Paul’s Bay, with 19,560 and 16,478 residents respectively. • Smallest locality remained Mdina with 237 residents. • Xgħajra had the largest growth rate with 26.5 per cent, followed by Birżebbuġa and St. Paul’s Bay, with 22.9 per cent each. • Largest decline in population was observed in Ta’ Xbiex with 16.8 per cent, followed by Mdina (14.7 per cent) and Senglea (14.7 per cent).

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Localities Percentage difference in population between 2005 and 2011 by locality Ta' Xbiex Mdina

-16.8 -14.7

Senglea

-11.5 -10.5

Locality

Marsa Qala

11.1

Ħal Għargħur

11.1

Santa Venera

11.9

Mellieħa

12.1

Mġarr

14.4

Pembroke

17.3

Marsaskala

18.3

St Paul's Bay

22.9

Birżebbuġa

22.9

Xgħajra -20.0

26.5 -15.0

-10.0

-5.0

0.0

5.0 % difference

10.0

15.0

20.0

25.0

30.0

Preliminary Results Geographical distribution: Localities • A change in trend was observed in a number of localities since 1995. • Population in Birkirkara and Iklin increased since 1995 but decreased since 2005. • On the contrary, Tal-Pieta’ recorded a drop in population between 1995 and 2005 and an increase between 2005 and 2011.

• Other localities showed similar patterns.

Preliminary Results Population density: Malta within the EU • Malta remains by far the most densely populated European Union Member State. • Malta has an average of 1,320 persons/km2, compared to an overall average of 116.6 persons/km2 for the 27 Member States. • The second most densely populated country within the EU is the Netherlands, with a density of 492,2 persons/km2.

country Sweden

Latvia

Ireland

Greece

Spain

Slovenia

France

Slovakia

EU 27

Denmark

Luxem.

Germany

Belgium

Malta

population per km

2

Preliminary Results

1,400

1,200

1,000

800

600

400

200

0

Preliminary Results Population density: Malta and Gozo • Malta (1,562 persons/km2) is three times more densely populated than Gozo (454 persons/km2). • Population density in Malta has increased at a higher rate since 2005 (45 persons/km2) unlike Gozo where the increase was marginal (2 persons/km2).

Population density: Districts • The Northern Harbour District (4,997 persons/km2) and Southern Harbour District (3,026 persons/km2) were the two most densely populated districts in Malta. • Sourthern Harbour District was the only district in Malta showing a drop in population density since 2005 (- 71 persons/km2).

Preliminary Results Population density: Localities Intercensal change in population density by locality 2005-2011

Tarxien

812

Santa Venera

800 465

Tal-Pietà Ħal Balzan

437

Xgħajra

341 319

locality

Marsaskala Pembroke

220

Birżebbuġa

213

St Paul's Bay

211

Paola

-219

San Ġwann

-232

Santa Luċija

-342 -429

Vittoriosa Cospicua

-448

Ħamrun

-483 -614

Valletta Ta' Xbiex Senglea

-1072 -2209

-2,250 -2,000 -1,750 -1,500 -1,250 -1,000

-750

-500

change

-250

0

250

500

750

1,000

Preliminary Results Population density: Localities • The three most densely populated localities in Malta remained the same as in 2005, with Senglea being the most dense (17,028 persons/km2) followed by Tas-Sliema (10,426 persons/km2) and Fgura (9,989 persons/km2). • Senglea continued to experience significant decrease in density with a drop of 5,050 and 2,209 persons/km2 compared to 1995 and 2005. • Għasri, which is the least densely populated locality in the Maltese islands (85 persons/km2), is the only locality inline with the overall EU average.

Preliminary Results Gender distribution • In 2011, the Maltese population still comprised made up of more females than males, although the gap between the two sexes continued to narrow. • Males continued to increase at a higher rate than females after 1957. • Compared to 2005, males increased at a rate of 3.2 per cent compared to 2.3 per cent for females. • The number of females per 1,000 males has gone down to 1,008 from 1,088 and 1,024 in 1957 and 1995 respectively.

Preliminary Results Gender distribution Num ber of fem ales per 1000 m ales: 1842-2011 1,100 1,080

1,040 1,020 1,000

census

2011

2005

1995

1985

1967

1957

1948

1931

1921

1911

1901

1891

1881

1871

1861

1851

980 1842

number

1,060

Preliminary Results Age distribution • Shift in age composition of the population towards an older population continued to materialise, since 2005. • Persons aged 65 and over represent 16.3 per cent of the total population, compared to 13.7 per cent in 2005.

• Persons aged 14 and under make up 14.8 per cent of the population compared to 17.2 per cent in 2005. • Average age of the Maltese population increased from 38.5 in 2005 to 40.5 in 2011.

• The average age in Gozo and Comino (41.6 years) was higher than that observed in Malta (40.4 years).

Preliminary Results Age distribution Age distribution: 2005-2011

0-14 15-24

age group

25-34 2011

35-44

2005

45-54 55-64 65+ 0.0

5.0

10.0 %

15.0

20.0

Preliminary Results Age distribution: Localities • Mdina is the locality with the oldest population (average of 52.1 years), followed by Floriana (48.3 years) and Ħal Luqa (48.2 years). • Pembroke, Xgħajra and Mtarfa have the smallest average age (less than 35 years).

• Compared to 2005, the largest increases in average age where observed in Mdina (+5.1 years), Ta’ Xbiex (+4.7 years) and Iklin (+4.3 years).

Preliminary Results Age distribution: Malta within the EU • Malta’s old-age dependency ratio stands at 23.7 per cent, compared to 25.9 per cent across the EU. Malta’s population is still relatively young compared to the EU. • This percentage stood at 17.2 per cent in 1995 and 19.9 per cent in 2005 and hence a remarkable increase was seen over the past years.

The old-age-dependency ratio is defined as the proportion of persons aged 65 and over divided by the working-age population of persons aged 15 to 64

country

Slovakia

Ireland

Cyprus

Poland

Luxemb.

Romania

Czech Rep.

Netherlands

Malta

Slovenia

Lithuania

Hungary

UK

Latvia

Spain

Estonia

Denmark

France

Bulgaria

EU 27

Austria

Belgium

Finland

Portugal

Sweden

Greece

Italy

Germany

%

Preliminary Results

Age distribution: Malta within the EU Old-age-dependency ratio by country

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

Preliminary Results Distribution by Nationality • Of the total population (416,055 persons), 20,086 (4.8 per cent) are non-Maltese nationals compared to 12,112 persons (3 per cent) in 2005 (an increase of 65.8 per cent). • The largest proportion of non-Maltese nationals are males (52.9 per cent) and have an average age of 39.5 years. • Nearly one fourth of non-Maltese nationals are aged between 25 and 34 compared to 14.1 per cent of Maltese nationals. • The majority of non-Maltese residents (37.6 per cent) reside in the Northern Harbour District compared to 28.4 per cent of Maltese nationals.

• A smaller percentage (8 per cent) of non-Maltese residents reside in the Southern Harbour District when compared to Maltese residents (19.6 per cent).

Post-Enumeration

Post-Enumeration Follow-ups • Monitoring of individuals featuring in official and in-house registers who were not enumerated to ensure the most comprehensive enumeration rate possible. • Follow-up letters sent in March 2012. • Legal letters sent in September 2012.

Post-Enumeration Final report • A more accurate population count will be presented in the Final Report as most of the remaining households and residents would have been enumerated by then. • The Final Report will also include a detailed analysis of the population and other information collected in the 2011 Census. • The Final Report will be available in the first quarter of 2013.

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