Rehab Programme for 2 common injuries

January 17, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Health Science, Sports Medicine
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Rehab Programme for 2 common injuries P6/ M3

Further Info… Create a rehab programme for both injuries. Your plan must include: • Signs & Symptoms of the injury •

First Aid Treatment for the injury • The stages of Rehab • Methods to Improve Range of Motion • Methods to Improve Strength • Psychological Considerations • Your own medical form o Consent and personal details (medical history, allergies) o Tracking progress (i.e. SMART goals, review dates)

Injury Rehabilitation

Phases of an Injury The stages that follow an injury can be classified into 5 phases: Stage



Phase 1

0-20 minutes

Immediate Post-Injury

Phase 2

0-72 hours

Acute Phase

Phase 3

3-10 days

Sub-Acute Phase

Phase 4

Dependent on severity of injury

Active Rehabilitation Phase

Phase 5

Dependent on severity of injury

Functional / Sports Specific Rehabilitation

Phase 1 – Immediate Post-Injury

Aims of the treatment during Phase 1 are to: Assess the injury Prevention of initial swelling Protect the injured part from further damage

Treatment should involve S.A.L.T.A.P.S. (we looked at this in Topic 3)

Phase 2 – Acute Phase Aims of the treatment during Phase 2 are to: Control bleeding & swelling Reduce pain Protect from further damage Apply modifications if required (e.g. Crutches if non-weight bearing needed) Offer advice

Treatment should involve P.R.I.C.E. (We looked at this in Topic 3)

Phase 3 – Sub-Acute Phase Aims of the treatment during Phase 3 are to: Absorb swelling & products from inflammation (e.g. dead cells)

Hot & cold therapy Massage Elevation

Promote healing & assist growth of new cells

Hot & cold therapy

Protect from further injury

Use of bandages, crutches etc

Develop scar tissue

Soft tissue stretching Massage

Introduce non-weight bearing mobilisation exercises

Range of motion exercises

Introduce non-weight bearing strengthening exercises

Strengthening exercises

Phase 4 – Active Rehabilitation Aims of the treatment during Phase 4 are to: Remobilise the joint & increase the range of motion

Range of motion exercises

Re-strengthen the muscles acting on the joints

Strengthening exercises

Increase the extensibility of scar tissue

Stretching Massage

Protect form further damage or stress

Bandages / strapping Walking aids (crutches) Partial weight bearing

Maintain endurance & fitness of the Modernise exercise programme to rest of the body include alternative exercise e.g. Swimming, static bike, isokinetic arm cycler

Phase 5 – Functional / Sports Specific Rehabilitation Aims of the treatment during Phase 5 are to: Improve balance & co-ordination

Return to pre-injury strength & power

Functional Rehab will include sports specific movements, techniques & skills. It would start very basic & progress to very intense ultimately replicating a training or game situation. This may start with straight line activities & progress to side-to-side & rotational movements. You would then progress onto jumping & landing.

Provide psychological reassurance

Psychological skills training

Restore sport specific skills & movement patterns

Select 2 specific sports injuries and plan safe and appropriate treatment

and rehabilitation

programmes accordingly, with tutor support. The injuries selected should be done so with care, as appropriate selection will provide scope for learners to cover the range of criteria P6, M3 and D2. (E.g., a fracture to the tibia and fibula has more scope than a bruise…) •

It should clearly state the treatment and rehabilitation, methods to improve: the lost range of motion, strengthening and coordination exercises, psychological considerations, the need for a carefully structured approach to rehabilitation and relevant documentation and tracking of the treatment and rehabilitation programme.

Treatment: Based on accurate diagnosis, eg immediate and long term, use of specialist help and advice

Rehabilitation: Identification of stages of rehabilitation, eg stages 1-5, acute stage to re-establishing functional activity, strengthening exercises, on-going treatments, gradual increase in activity Programme: Methods to improve the lost range of motion, psychological considerations, various goals, tracking of treatment- all within the programme

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