Romeo and Juliet Notes

January 19, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Arts & Humanities, Performing Arts, Drama
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William Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet A Tragedy

The Life and Times of William Shakespeare Shakespeare’s Life • • • • • • • •

Little is known about his early life Born April 23, 1564 in Stratfordon-Avon Died April 23, 1616 (on his birthday) Mother-Mary Arden Father-John Shakespeare Little formal education Married Anne Hathaway (8 years older) The “Lost Years”-between 15831592 there is little known about Shakespeare

Life in London By 1592 Shakespeare had become recognized on the London Stage • Wrote 37 plays and numerous sonnets • Acted as part of the “King’s Men” and “Chamberlain’s Men” in the Globe Theatre • Retired between 1611 and 1613 and returned to Stratford •

Shakespeare’s Theatre “The Globe” •

5 levels 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Trapdoor Main stage Balcony Pulleys under roof Musician’s room

No profanity used, little scenery, no microphones, 1 actor had 4 or 5 parts Plays often lasted 2 hours

Audience: • • •

Loved to be entertained Royalty sat up in balcony Groundlings stood in front of stage. Paid 1¢

Actors: • •

No females-female roles played by young men Actors were well trained (speech, dance, fencing, etc.)

Shakespeare’s Tomb Inscription Good friend, for Jesus’ sake forbear To dig the dust enclosed here; Blest be the man that spares these stones, And cursed be he that moves my bones.

Characters in Romeo & Juliet House of Montague • • • • • •

Lord Montague Lady Montague Romeo (son) Benvolio (cousin & friend) Balthasar (servant) Abram (servant)

House of Capulet • •

• • • • •

Lord Capulet Lady Capulet Juliet (daughter) Tybalt (cousin & nephew) Nurse Peter (servant) Sampson & Gregory (servants)

The Others • • • • • •

Prince Escalus (Ruler of Verona) Mercutio (Romeo’s best friend) Friar Laurence Friar John Count Paris (wants to marry Juliet) Apothecary (pharmacist)

Romeo and Juliet Setting: • • •

1300’s Verona, Italy Mantua, Italy

Vocabulary Notes 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6.


ACT: large division of a play. Romeo & Juliet has 5 acts. SCENE: small division of a play. Act I has 5 scenes EXEUNT: plural of exit; several people leave the stage. ANON: soon SOFT: wait ASIDE: comment to the audience other actors can’t hear. FRIAR: priest, monk


9. 10. 11. 12.

SOLILOQUY: speech a character gives when he is alone on stage; it is a way for the audience to know what a character is thinking. SHRIFT: confession; a regular part of the Catholic faith. CELL: apartment; the priest’s living space. EXILE: forced by law to live somewhere else. BANISHMENT: the same as exile.

Vocabulary cont. BIER: platform where a corpse or a coffin is placed during a funeral. 14. ERE: before Romeo will visit Juliet ere he leaves for Mantua. 15. NE’ER: never; a contraction. The apostrophe shows where a letter has been left out. 16. VIAL: a small bottle 13.

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