Rosa Parks

January 8, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Law, Criminal Justice
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Rosa Parks { By: Hailey Schroeder

Background Born: February 4,1913 in Tuskegee, Alabama  Died: October 24, 2005 at age 92 in Detroit  Attended high school at Industrial school for girls in Montgomery until she left to go to Alabama State College for Negroes for secondary education  Married Raymond Parks at age 19 

“We didn't have any civil rights. It was just a matter of survival, of existing from one day to the next. I remember going to sleep as a girl hearing the Klan ride at night and hearing a lynching and being afraid the house would burn down."

NAACP Rosa and her husband joined the NAACP  Worked closely with President Nixon  The goal was to improve the ways of AfricanAmericans in the South  This program worked on many cases such as rape and murder  Rosa Parks stated “We didn't seem to have too many 

successes. It was more a matter of trying to challenge the powers that be, and to let it be known that we did not wish to continue being second-class citizens."

Seamstress Rosa and her husband also worked as seamstress together.  While working, Rosa came across Clifford and Virginia Durr  Clifford and Virginia took Rosa Highlander Folk School in Tennessee  The school trained social activists.  At the school, Rosa learned ways to protest against segregation  After Parks returned back home she was more determined to get rid of Jim Crow Laws 

December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks, 42 year old boarded Montgomery City bus  Refused to give her seat up to a white man  Rosa was than arrested by two police man for not obeying the Jim Crow Laws.  President Nixon and Clifford Durr bailed Rosa out of jail.  The word of what had happened to Rosa spread very quickly 

Montgomery Bus Boycott  

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Over 35,000 handbills were made and announced to bus boycott After the boycott worked for one day, the Montgomery Improvement Association was put into place  President of this Association was Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. During the boycott, African Americans decided only to carpool, take cab, or walk.  Some people walked up to 20 miles a day “The Supreme Court ruled that segregation on city buses were unconstitutional on November 13, 1956” Although, the boycott did not end until November 20, 1956. They were waiting until the court written order came into Montgomery. The boycott lasted 382 days Known as the “largest boycott in American History”  17,000 African Americans participated in this boycott Rosa Parks was named “Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”

After Boycott With all the threats that occurred during the boycott, Rosa and her family moved to Detroit  Stayed a seamstress and was a spokesperson for Civil Rights  After a year, came back to Montgomery.  Worked as a secretary for U.S. Representative John Conyers  Co-founded with the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self-Development 

Awards 

Presidential Medal of Freedom 

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"she stood up for the ideals of equality and justice and demanded that the rest of us do the same.“

Congressional Gold Medal In 2001 opened up the Rosa Parks Museum and Library Each year in Parks honor, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference Award presents Rosa Parks Freedom Award Rosa Parks was the only women and second of African Americans to lie in state at the Capitol


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Academy of achievement . (1961). Retrieved from Bio.. (2005). Retrieved from Chaberski, C. (2012, November 30). This day in history for december 1 — rosa parks arrested, and more. Retrieved from Gaillard, F. (2007, March 14). Encyclopedia of alabama. Retrieved from Pretzer, W. S. (2002, February). The rosa parks bus. Retrieved from History. (1996). Retrieved from Pettinger, T. (n.d.). Biography online. Retrieved from Stevens, P. (2006). Rosa parks . Retrieved from Story behind the bus. (2002). Retrieved from

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