Codes, Standards & Conformity Assessment
GP Russ Chaney CEO, The IAPMO Group [email protected]
Objective • Provide an overview and the interrelationships of :
Codes and Regulations
• Why it should matter to industry and consumers?
Plumbing Codes & Regulations • Provide the legal framework for setting mandatory plumbing product requirements • Enacted with: – Various degrees of application – Various degrees of enforcement responsibility – Variety of update mechanisms – Many different schemes in use throughout the world today...
Plumbing Code – Common Provisions • Scope (typical) ~ The code shall apply to the installation, alteration, repair, relocation, replacement and maintenance of plumbing systems within the jurisdiction...
Plumbing Code – Common Provisions • Approval – All products used in the plumbing system shall conform to the applicable standards referenced in the code and approved by the governing jurisdiction...
Codes and Regulations
What is a Plumbing Product Standard? • An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative characteristics of a product... • Examples of organizations that develop product standards... – – – – – –
SA CSA IAPMO BIS BSI DIN
Product Standards • Ensure that products are consistent and safe • Reduce antitrust and product liability exposure • Reduce trade barriers • Referenced in plumbing codes and building specifications • Essential part of product approval process...
Product Standards... • Voluntary documents unless... • Mandatory when adopted by government • Must produce reproducible and repeatable results • Must comply with well accepted engineering standards • Latest edition used by certifiers/CABs...
Plumbing Industry ANSI Accredited SDOs
Principles ofofStandards Cardinal Principles the U.S. System
Consumers and Labor Interests
Codes and Regulations
What is Conformity Assessment? A process used to show that a product, process or system meets specified requirements
Why is Conformity Assessment Important? • Demonstrates compliance to customers and regulators • Gives specifiers, customers and end-users confidence when selecting products • Allows manufacturers and consumers to distinguish products from competitors • Creates a level playing field • And in many cases, CA is required by law...
Types or Levels of Conformity Assessment • First Party Certification: – Manufacturers self declaration – Customers frequently rely on this – Acceptable to regulators in some instances once authorization has been granted...
Types or Levels of Conformity Assessment... • Second Party Certification: – Product purchaser's declaration of compliance
Types or Levels of Conformity Assessment... • Third Party Certification: – Declaration from authoritative, independent, and objective party – ISO Guide 65 (17065) utilized as criteria by which third-parties are evaluated and accredited...
Where is Third-Party Accreditation Required? • Most plumbing codes require that CABs – Be third-party accredited – The CAB must: • • • •
Perform initial and ongoing testing Perform periodic inspections & witness audits Make their listings publically available Must themselves submit to audits of their processes • Renew their accreditations annually...
Third-Party Accreditation in Accordance with ISO 17065 • Establishes minimum acceptable level of performance • Identifies competent product certifiers • Ensures highest level of confidence of compliance • Levels playing field for certifiers and manufacturers alike...
The Process of Third-Party Certification of Products? • Accreditation of third-party agency • Testing of product • Examination of test reports, drawings, calculations, physical dimensions literature, etc. • Initial and ongoing audits/inspections • Certificate of Compliance issuance • Legal recognition of certification...
Interrelationship • Each plays a vital role Codes and Regulations
• Effective framework • Level playing field • Substantial industry involvement
Summary • Codes and Regulations are intended to protect health and safety • Standards dictate specific product performance requirements within the codes. • Conformity assessment is a process to help to ensure the mandates within the codes, standards and regulations are met...