Seasonal Management Presentation.

January 13, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Biology, Zoology, Entomology
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Seasonal Management

The Beekeeping Year August

Remove honey & treat for Varroa

September/October Feed colony and remove Varroa strips Nov./Dec./Jan.

Protect from mice & woodpeckers, occasional checks for damage and sufficient stores


Check for sufficient stores and consider feeding to stimulate egg laying


First full inspection, remove mouse guards. Replace old brood combs. Check for disease and ensure queen is marked (and clipped)


Swarm control, routine inspections, add supers


Swarm control and check colony for major build up


Add supers as the honey comes in

Colony Population through the year 60000

Brood Adults









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 The beekeeping year will vary  In different regions  Sources of honey  Climate

 Annual cycle linked to flowering times!  Seasons illustrated may vary by at least a month Courtesy of Google Images

Apiary 2 Date











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Colony 4

Queen bred from Apiary 1 Colony 1 in 1999

Brood Stores Room Health Varroa


Feed Health Supers







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Removed mouse guard





1 LS


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Replaced floor board with varroa floor


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Roof needs repainting


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Cut grass under hive

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 Bees cluster to keep warm  Use honey and shiver to generate heat  Wind, frost pockets  Mouse guards  Protection (woodpeckers)

 Check food stores  Feed if neccessary  Remove and store empty supers  Complete varroa treatment  Check for other diseases  Move old & damaged frames to side  Protect from mice and woodpeckers  Ensure hive is weatherproof & secure

30,000 workers 1 queen No drones

Season Objective:

September / October / November

Autumn: Disease & Pest free colony with young queen & sufficent stores for winter

Forage & Colony Cycle key points:

Disease control Main Crop finished unless preparing for Ling Heather. Late forage from Balsam & Ivy Colony size diminshing, maximise & protect last broods for winter stock


removal of Honey for extraction replace for cleaning, on same hive

Store drawn supers and protect from Wax moth eg. Fumigation, freezing and seal


Check for stores & plan for feeding regimen NBFrame ~ 2.25 kg (5Lb) Check for Disease: Foul Brood Take samples for Acarine & Nosema Hygenic characteristics of colony Check size of colony & estimate size (laypattern) for entering winter Varroa count (>3 /day) & begin treatment (chemical)

Continue feed in to min of 16kg and/or if Ivy nectar not desired Add super for stores if egg laying persists Super frame ~ 1.1kg honey Nosema Tx in Syrup feed


consider uniting or reducing to nucleus if size not adequate i.e. 9 frames of bees Continue with varroa Tx min 6 weeks

Assess quality: laying rate & pattern , temperament Age; > 2 years consider replacement or moving to nucleus for breeding stock Ensure Queen is marked & in good condition


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Protect against Robbing, reduce entrance size Feed in Evenings if possible

Mouseguards Robustness of Hive stand Tie down Hives if exposed position re winds or large mammals remove landing board (birds_ Wire netting/plastic if woodpeckers an issue Ventilate: Crown board spacers, mesh floor (after Thymol Tx), remove dummy boards - to avoid growth of mould

 Bees cluster to keep warm  Use honey and shiver to generate heat  Wind, frost pockets  Mouse guards  Protection (woodpeckers)

     

Flying bees – check for staining Heft hive – check stores Winter Varroa treatment Repair damaged hive components Observe outside for damage Ensure entrance not blocked  Bees / Snow

10,000 workers 1 queen No drones

December / January Objective: Hives remain in intact and undisturbed Plan for Spring & Summer Colony management No forage Protect and maintain Queen starts laying and brood begins to increase as days lenghten

Stores: check later on by weight/hefting only

Maintain ventilation: removal of snow from entrance Monitor varroa: if > 8 mites / day Consider oxalic / lactic acid Tx

Clean: base/plinth of hive debris and dead bees

Apiary :

removal of weeds , cut back Summer growth

sdfoster 27/11/09

Colony Population through the year 60000

Brood Adults







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 Colony increases rapidly  First inspection – Brood issues  Monitor varroa levels  Swarm control -1 week inspections

40,000 workers 1 queen* 400 drones

February / March  Quick inspection    

5 mins. max Stores OK Queenright & laying Sufficient adult bees

 Remove mouse guard  Feed candy & pollen, if required  Plan the season ahead

Early Spring: February / March Objective: Build Colony for Spring flow in April Forage & Colony: Rapid increase in demand but forage sparse Nectar in March sparse Dandelion, Sycamore, Pollen imports for brood , snowdrop, crocus, willow, hazel yew Watch stores carefully as more brood than adults in March danger of chilled brood and brood diseases as adults stretched as minimum population of adults in February Stores:

Brood rearing and lack of income quickly diminishes Stimulative feeding 50/50 ( they need water) Protein patties if area short on pollen

Brood Box:Count varroa > 2/day action dusting, exomite, bayvarol Brood comb change: Bailey or Shook swarm, Clean floor / move to mesh floor ( if not already on sample for nosema , check entrance for signes of diarrhoea Brood comb change / Sufficient space for laying - remove old stores as necessary danger of chilled or chalk brood balance with need for mesh floor & varroa control remove mouseguard and winter ventilation return dummy boards - open crown board repairs to boxes as necessary Queen:

marked & condition consistent build up of brood- record/monitor weekly consider replacing as necesary

 Colony increases rapidly  Monitor varroa levels  Treat if required

 First inspection  Shirt sleeve weather!  Ribes in flower

 Ensure adequate equipment for swarm control

30,000 workers 1 queen 400 drones

Late Spring: April / May Objective: Collect early flow & watch for swarming Forage & Colony cycle: OSR management, Sufficient room for first big flow Hawthorn , blackthorn, chestnut, Topfruit, currants, gooseberry, bluebells, Bee Population rising rapidly potential for varroa to get out of control Adult bees and Brood in equal amounts end of April Stores:

Queen excluder and add 1 st super preference for over supering Extract & return supers after flow & feed if necessary monitor sources of nectar for quantity & type eg: rape, quick granulation

Brood Box:Sufficient room to lay Monitor carefully for signs of swarming i.e. egg laying rate, Drones, Queen size, Q cups & cells Identify reasons for poor build up in strength add another half (super) or full brood box Disease: watch the Varroa count > 1 / day Drone brood removal & count varroa Icing sugar (& mesh floor if not done)


Build up as expected (ex disease) if not plan to requeen Similarly age of Queen may demand plans for replacement Queen rearing procedures begin May possibly in conjunction with swarm control.


Cattle stock released for outside grazing Inquisitive Humans

 Add supers  Under / Over

 Check for queen cells  Combine small healthy colonies  Many bees = excess honey

 Ensure hives are bee tight

Up to 60,000 workers 1 queen Up to 1000 drones

   

Loss of bees Loss of honey Nuisance to neighbours Most swarms left in wild are doomed

 Many bees = excess honey crop  Remove crop in early August to 70,000 workers  Ensure hives are bee-tight Up 1 queen  Robbing by bees and waspsUp to 1000 drones

 Extract the honey and store

Summer: June / July / August Objective: Collect maximise main foraging flow inforce July in June to collect main summer flow Forage & Colony Cycle: June gap n/s in Twickenham due to Limes & Bramble often a steady income if weather OK but check ! Summer vegetables, herbs, clover & meadow plants (weeds) Adult Bee population peaks at end of June Brood peaks early/ mid June


watch out for stores in June if there is any gap in flowering or bad weather super carefully, under super and adjust frame spacing to maximise load but check for overcrowding remove for extraction as water content allows

Brood box:maintain inspections for swarming signs Manage brood space combs, add space, remove pollen and Honey filled combs as necessary unite smaller colonies in June to maximise foraging force in July


Potential for massive varroa build up with increase in brood


Integrated Pest management of Varroa         

Control at several points of the year makes it harder for the mite population to reach harmful levels • Use of management methods can reduce the need for varroacides • Using two or more unrelated varroacides will delay the development of mite resistance • Control strategies can be easily altered to reflect changing infestation levels

Bee Brood & Varroa populations

Integrated Pest management

Treatments for Varroosis Icing Sugar

Dusting bees with icing sugar


Tray of Apiguard with removable foil lid


Inserting Apistan strip

Oxalic Acid

Narrow eke

50 ml Syringe with polythene tube extension and protective sleeve

Monitoring varroa

Keeping Bees  Livestock not totally wild  Spring and Summer  Busy times, weekly inspections  Affects your holiday plans

 Much that an go wrong  Manipulation skills  Disease knowledge  Plants & Forage

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