Section 2 PowerPoint Notes

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, Age Of Exploration (1400-1600)
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Chapter

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Objectives • Explain the importance of New Orleans and the crisis over its port. • Describe how the United States gained the Louisiana Purchase. • Discuss Lewis and Clark’s expedition.

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Set Questions: 1. Why was New Orleans important to American farmers? 2. Who did we buy Louisiana from? 3. How did Haiti play a role in the purchase of the Louisiana Territory? 4. Who were the negotiators in the Louisiana Purchase deal?

- Use page 314 if necessary

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What do you think this was used for?

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Terms and People • expedition – a long and carefully organized journey • Meriwether Lewis – army captain chosen by Jefferson to lead the exploration of the West • William Clark – Lewis’s coleader • continental divide – the place on the continent that separates river systems flowing in opposite directions • Zebulon Pike – explored the southern part of the Louisiana territory from 1805–1807 The Louisiana Purchase

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What was the importance of the purchase and exploration of the Louisiana Territory?

The tide of westward settlement speeded up in the years after America’s independence.

By 1800, more than one million settlers lived between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mississippi River. The Louisiana Purchase

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Most western settlers were farmers who relied on the Mississippi River.

Farmers shipped goods down the Mississippi to the port of New Orleans. From there, goods were loaded on ships and carried to markets across the Atlantic.

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Spain, which controlled the Mississippi River and New Orleans, threatened to close the port to American ships.

To prevent this, the U.S. negotiated the Pinckney Treaty with Spain in 1795.

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Pinckney Treaty This treaty guaranteed Americans’ right to ship goods down the Mississippi River to New Orleans.

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Later, after the treaty had been signed, Spain withdrew Americans’ right to ship goods through New Orleans.

Westerners demanded war with Spain.

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To make matters worse, Jefferson learned that Spain had secretly given its Louisiana Territory to France.

French territory

Jefferson feared that France would become dominant in America, as it was becoming in Europe.

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If this happened, westward expansion of the United States would be blocked.

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Jefferson decided to try to buy New Orleans from the French.

He sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to Paris to make a deal.

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When they arrived in France, they discovered that the situation had shifted yet again.

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The French had been driven from their colony on Haiti.

Without Haiti, France would have trouble defending Louisiana in the event of a war. The Louisiana Purchase

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Who was the Emperor of France at this time?

Napoleon Bonaparte The Louisiana Purchase

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Also, war between France and Britain was looming.

Britain

France

Napoleon needed money for the war.

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Because of France’s situation, Monroe and Livingston received a surprising offer.

France offered to sell the entire Louisiana Territory to the United States.

New Orleans

Louisiana

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What would you have done?

Bought the territory from France

or Said no thanks, I’m not allowed to

Remember, technically he did NOT have the authority to do so.

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Jefferson hesitated to approve the purchase.

Was it constitutional?

In the end, Jefferson decided that the purchase was constitutional because the President is able to make treaties with foreign countries.

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After buying the Louisiana Territory in 1803, Thomas Jefferson was eager to have it explored and mapped.

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In 1803, Jefferson convinced Congress to fund a western expedition.

He chose two army officers to lead the exploration.

Meriwether Lewis

The Louisiana Purchase

William Clark

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Identify three things you think would be most important when going on an expedition in 1804. (non-living)

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Identify one animal you think would be most valuable when going on an expedition in 1804.

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Report back on the natural features of the region.

Look for a waterway from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean.

Goals of the western expedition

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Make contact with Native Americans.

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Lewis and Clark left St. Louis in the spring of 1804 and explored the northern part of the Louisiana Territory.

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Lewis and Clark’s expedition lasted for over two years. July 1804

The party reached the mouth of the Platte River, which feeds into the Missouri River.

August 1804

October 1804

The expedition followed the Missouri River from St. Louis to the Rocky Mountains.

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July 1804

August 1804

They met with Native Americans for the first time.

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October 1804

The Americans promised to give the tribes military support and trading rights in exchange for peace.

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July 1804

August 1804

They were joined by Sacagawea, a Shoshone translator.

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October 1804

They camped in what is now North Dakota for the winter.

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August 1805

The party reached the continental divide.

November 1805 March 1806

They did not find a waterway to the Pacific. Instead, they had to navigate rapids in their canoes.

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August 1805

November 1805 March 1806

They reached the Pacific Ocean by way of the Columbia River.

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They began the return journey, which took about half a year.

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The journey of Lewis and Clark led many Americans to feel a sense of duty to expand west.

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From 1805 to 1807, Zebulon Pike explored the southern part of the Louisiana Territory.

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Pike’s Peak

Pike returned Partway Today, headed this up mountain awest home to is the Rocky mountain, known through asSpanish Pike’s Mountains. he was Peak. New forced to turn back. Mexico.

Rocky Mountains Pike’s reports increased U.S. interest in the region.

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Closing Questions: 1. Why did Jefferson authorize the Lewis and Clark expedition? 2. Who authorized the $2,500 to fund the expedition? 3. What things did Sacagawea do for the expedition?

4. What were some of the geographic obstacles faced by the expedition? 5. What were some of the biological obstacles faced by the expedition? Learning Target Question: What was the significance of the Louisiana Purchase? Include 3 different reasons why the purchase was important and answer the question in 3 sentences.

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