Star Spangled Banner

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, US History, Revolution And Post-Independence (1775-1820), War Of 1812
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Star Spangled Banner Promotion Test Part 1

Origins • Author: Francis Scott Key

• Published: 1814 • Original name: The Defence of Fort McHenry • Music: from a popular drinking song

War of 1812 • United States went to war with Great Britain over: – Violations of US sovereignty – Lack of recognition in international commerce – Impressments of US sailors – Trouble with Indians along western frontier

US invades Canada • US wanted to add Canada to US territory • Invasion unsuccessful • US troops burn Canadian capital, Toronto

History 1 • 1814 British burn Washington DC in retaliation for Toronto and plan attack on Baltimore Maryland

History 2 • British plan to attack Baltimore and destroy all American ships and shipbuilding industry

History 3 • Fort McHenry is vital to protecting Baltimore • British must destroy or capture Fort McHenry

History 4 • On September 7, 1814, Francis S. Key boards British warship outside Baltimore to help release a friend who is a prisoner

History 5 • Key is forced to remain aboard until after attack on Fort McHenry and becomes witness to battle

History 6 • British used incendiary weapons to try to blow up fort – Heated Shot – Explosive Shell (bombs) – Rocket

History 7 • Attack went all night ending just before dawn • Only light came from exploding shells and rockets

History 8 • Throughout battle Americans maintained a flag flying above Fort McHenry • Flag was enormous and had 15 stars and 15 stripes

History 9

• When bombardment ended it was still night and no one, including Key could tell if the Americans had lowered the flag which would signal surrender

History 10

• At dawn, sunlight revealed the huge flag still flying. • British attack had failed • Baltimore was saved • Americans celebrated

Protocol 1 • Anthem played and sung at: – Military bases at sunset – Sporting events – National holidays and celebrations

Protocol 2 • When played, Americans should

– Stand – Face the music – Salute – Remain silent

• Military Units

Protocol 3

– Stand at attention (sit at attention if unable to stand/

• Present Arms • Color Guards dip all flags except US Flag

Words

Lyrics 1

• O say can you see by the dawn’s early light • What so proudly we hailed at the twilight’s last gleaming

Explanation

• Questions the listener: Can you see the flag? • We saw it last night at sunset

Words

Lyrics 2

• Whose broad stripes and bright stars • Through the perilous fight • O’er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming

Explanation

• Describing the flag • Referring to the battle which might be won or lost • Describes the flag bravely waving over the walls (ramparts) of the fort in defiance of enemy

Words

Lyrics 3

Explanation

• And the rockets red glare, the bombs bursting in air

• Rockets and cannon shells fired by British ships at Ft. McHenry

• Gave proof through the night, that our flag was still there

• Lit up the sky allowing us to see if the flag was still up and the Americans still fighting

Words

Lyrics 4

• O say does that star spangled banner yet wave

Explanation

• Questions listener again: Is the flag still there? – Spangled = sprinkled, referring to the stars on the flag – Banner = flag

• O’er the land of the free • and the home of the brave

• Land of the Free = America, • home of the brave = defenders of Ft. McHenry

Music Wikipedia – Star Spangled Banner

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Star_Spangled_Banner Media The Star-Spangled Banner (1942)

Fred Waring and His Pennsylvanians sing The Star-Spangled Banner in 1942 The Star-Spangled Banner (1915) More...

A 1915 recording of the Star-Spangled Banner as sung by Margaret Woodrow Wilson, daughter of Woodrow Wilson

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