Synonyms, Antonyms, Homophones, Homographs

January 9, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Science, Astronomy
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Synonyms, Antonyms, Homographs, Homophones 3RW1.4 Use knowledge of synonyms, antonyms, homophones, and homographs to determine word meaning. (4 questions on CST)

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Synonyms: Words that have the same or almost the same meaning. • • • • • • •

easy feed big grumble start ill crazy

• • • • • • •

simple eat large complain begin sick silly

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STAR Test Prep. Read this sentence.

The car collided into the large tree. Which word is a synonym for the underlined word. A big B crashed C bush D drove www.elatestprep.com

STAR Test Prep. Read this sentence.

The humorous joke made us laugh. Which word is a synonym for humorous as used in the line above? A B C D

person comedian funny happy

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Antonyms: Words that have opposite meanings. • • • • • • •

give loud thick full enemy father add

• • • • • • •

take quiet thin empty friend mother subtract

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STAR Test Prep. Read this sentence. It was hard for Ann to stay calm on her birthday. Which word is an antonym for the word calm as it Is used in the sentence? A B C D

sad present happy excited www.elatestprep.com

STAR Test Prep. Which two words are ANTONYMS?

A B C D

pull, carry sad, depressed up, curly wet, dry

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Homographs – Words that are spelled alike, but are different in origin, meaning, or pronunciation. minute

We had one minute to solve the problems. Apple seeds are very minute.

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Homographs – Words that are spelled alike, but are different in origin, meaning, or pronunciation tear Gauge’s mom wiped away his tear.

What page do we need to tear out?

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The toy needed wound three times. In which sentence does wound mean the same thing as in the sentence above? A B C D

He wound up the clock. The dog had a wound in its paw. I hope the baseball didn’t wound you. My wound needed cleaned.

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Homophones: two or more words that have the same pronunciation, but different spellings and different meanings

• • • • • • • •

ate see cent eye hour no write son

• • • • • • • •

eight sea sent I our know right sun

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Read this sentence.

Would you like a glass of apple juice? Which of the following words from the sentence could be spelled differently and have a different meaning?

(A) Would (B) glass (C)apple (D)juice www.elatestprep.com

If I get good grades, Mom will _____ a _____ phone for my birthday. Which pair of words makes the sentence correct?

(A) by, cell (B) buy, sell (C) buy, cell (D) by, sell www.elatestprep.com

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