Talk by Hew Dundas - slides

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, International Relations
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ARBITRATION in SCOTLAND the RENAISSANCE a presentation by

HEW R. DUNDAS Chartered Arbitrator DipICArb CEDR-Accredited Mediator Past President CIArb Co-Author “Arbitration (Scotland) Act 2010” to CIArb East Anglia Branch 1st June 2012

OVERVIEW of PRESENTATION 

Introduction



The History Attempts at Reform 1985-2008 The 2008/09 Bill



The 2010 Act



Alternative to Adjudication ?



Conclusions

HISTORY of ARBITRATION in SCOTLAND 

Ancient Origins Cambuskenneth Abbey v Dunfermline Abbey (1207) Regiam Majestatem c.1300



Legislative History Acts of 1598, 1695, 1894 Administration of Justice (Scotland) Act 1972 Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) (Scotland) Act 1990



The 2002 Bill – CIArb + others

DEFICIENCIES in OLD LAW (1) No concept of severability  Kompetenz-Kompetenz rejected 

Caledonian Railway (1872)

No inherent/implied power to award damages, expenses or interest  Stated Case Procedure 

S.3 Administration of Justice (Scotland) Act 1972 

Unclear whether Court Rules of Evidence applied

DEFICIENCIES in OLD LAW (2) No slip rule;  No provision regarding privacy or confidentiality  No provision for partial or interim awards  Immunity of arbitrators unclear  A Party can be the [sole] arbiter  Inaccessibility of the law 

Reliance on a Clerk 

Reliance on ancient authority

UNCITRAL & the MODEL LAW 

Origins New York Convention 1958 Why UNCITRAL exists



UNCITRAL Rules 1976, revised 2010



Model Law 1985, revised 2006



S.26 of the 2010 Act



Repeal of the 1990 legislation Fundamentally flawed

THE 2009 BILL Consultation process June-Dec. 2008  Consultation draft September 2008  Bill published 30th January 2009  Parliamentary Process 

Stages 1/2/3

Hearings  CIArb submissions – 42,000 words  Parliament Approves 18th November 2009  Royal Assent 5th January 2010 

The ACT: MAIN FEATURES (1) 

Single integrated Act compare Ireland/Singapore/NZ et al

UNCITRAL Model Law compliant  Unprecedentedly extensive international research  International Best Practice – UNCITRAL Rules 2010 and s.26  Procedural Rules in Schedule 1 

The ACT: MAIN FEATURES (2) Easy-to-use structure – Part 1, Part 2 etc  User-friendly explanatory Rules  Mandatory and Default Rules 

Mandatory – fundamental principles which cannot be modified or discarded Default – can be modified/deleted, otherwise applicable; no vacuum 

Role of the Arbitration Agreement Death of the Submission Agreement

The ACT: MAIN FEATURES (3) 

“Consumer” Arbitration ss.89-91 AA96 SSFARs to £25,000 (indicative upper limit)



Transitional Provisions Arbitration Acts 1889, 1934, 1950, 1979, 1996 Dinosaurs Still Live !!! Retain Old Law in Perpetuity >5 year period

KEY IMPROVEMENTS (1) 

Role of the Courts reduced to bare minimum First instance judgment “more final” No appeal from any decision by Sheriff Almost no access to Inner House NO appeal AT ALL to UK Supreme Court

BUT court will support where necessary  Law governing Arbitration Agreement (s.6)  Oral arbitration agreements included  Arbitrator to be an individual (Rule 3M) 

KEY IMPROVEMENTS (2) 

Resignation of Arbitrator (Rule 15M) Immunity Issue (R16M)

Anonymity in Legal Proceedings (s.15)  Confidentiality (Rule 26D) 

Parties can opt out e.g. Public Authorities

Independence of Arbitrator (Rule 8M)  AARs (s.22/Rule 7M) 

CIArb/RICS/LSoS/FoA + others

KEY IMPROVEMENTS (3) “Dermajaya” provision (s.32(1))  Gannet v Eastrade (Rule 58(7)(b) - D)  Cetelem v Roust (Rule 46(4)(b) - D)  Simplified Language of the Act 

Arbiter, oversman, decree arbitral – all gone Sist, expenses Economy “Plain English” Policy User-friendly approach

COMPARISON with the 1996 ACT Reduced Role of the Court  AARs (s.22/R7M)  Disclosure of Conflicts (Rule 8M)  Resignation of Arbitrator (R15M)  Confidentiality (Rule 26D)  Gannet/Cetelem (R46D/58D)  Language/Style 

RECOMMENDED READING 

ARBITRATION (SCOTLAND) ACT 2010 by Fraser Davidson, Hew R Dundas & David Bartos Pub. W Green & Co (Edinburgh) 2010 ISBN 978-0-414-017772-6 Published Same Day as Act Came into Force



The Arbitration (Scotland) Act 2010: Converting Vision into Reality [2010] 76 ARBITRATION 2 at p.15 See also [2004] 70 ARBITRATION 2

ALTERNATIVE to ADJUDICATION

? Arbitrator control of proceedings e.g. R28D  More detailed process R28-R40  Court Support R45M+46D  Wider range of tools e.g. R41D+42M  Finality  Enforceability 

CONCLUSIONS

THANK YOU for listening to me this morning

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