The Hidden Promise - Globalization: Social & Geographic

January 22, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Sociology, Globalization
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Ch. 1, The Hidden Promise: Liberty Renewed Micklethwait & Wooldridge (Excerpted from Micklethwait & Wooldridge, “The Hidden Promise…,” in A Future Perfect: The Essentials of Globalization, Heinemann, 2000)


*The benefits of GL are not only economic, but also political and cultural


Benefits of GL not only economic, but also political and cultural  

Increases efficiency & prosperity Puts limits on government power Promotes freedom • “the most fundamental freedom of all – the freedom to define our identities”


“A measured defense of globalization” 

Yes, GL increases inequality--but “the winners hugely outnumber the losers” Yes, GL can make bad government worse--but focus should be on improving governance Yes, GL weakens nation-states--but they remain the fundamental unit in modern politics 4

nation-state 

a state that derives its political legitimacy from serving as a sovereign entity • state sovereignty is control/authority over a territory

 

the state is a political entity the nation is a cultural entity • "nation-state" implies that the two geographically coincide, and this distinguishes the nation-state from the other types of state, which historically preceded it • the nation is the identity attached to a state

in everyday terms, we usually say “country” to refer to a nation-state


Economic benefits 

GL makes us richer – or makes enough of us richer to make it worthwhile GL is not a zero-sum game


zero-sum game 

a situation in which a gain by one party must be matched by a loss by another party (a person or side) • GL is positive sum – there’s more wealth to go around


Political benefits 

GL puts limits on the power of governments  lowers opportunities for corruption and crony capitalism

GL spreads political culture based on liberty to areas that have been longing to embrace it for years


crony capitalism 

a pejorative term for an allegedly capitalist economy in which market success is determined by connections between business & government • e.g, favoritism in granting of gov’t contracts, special tax breaks, exemption from regulation, distribution of permits, etc. (Stiglitz 2002, Globalization and its Discontents) 9

Those who say GL just means a "change of master”-replacing corrupt gov’ts w/ ruthless TNCs-are wrong 

Increased availability of capital and technology favors small companies Of course, current business elites who benefit from status quo feel threatened by GL • GL gives them more competition • That’s why many elites try to restrict it 10

Cultural benefits 

GL undermines the "tyranny of place" • Gives people freedom to define their own identities 

This gives rise to battle between liberals and communitarians


Liberals vs Communitarians 

For communitarians, the community/ group takes priority over the individual • worry that GL weakens communities, reduces local, face-to-face interaction, fostering anomie


anomie • briefly, a social condition characterized by weak social norms, or lack of moral regulation 

e.g., the protagonist in the film, "Up in the Air"


GL worthwhile, on economic, political, and cultural grounds 

GL may not be delivering the “liberal dream,” but it's delivering enough to make it worth pressing forward and worth defending on more than just narrow economic grounds • Giving birth to an economy closer to the classical theoretical model of capitalism (low government intervention, perfect information, etc.) 14

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