Unit 1 Chapter 1 - True/False Questions: 1) When the U.S.

April 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, Government
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Unit 1 Chapter 1 - True/False Questions: 1) When the U.S. Constitution was written, voting was largely limited to property-owning white males. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 2 2) Creation of the Department of Homeland Security demonstrates the function of government to help ensure domestic tranquility. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 7 3) One way government promotes the general welfare is through Social Security. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 7-8 4) Isaac Newton argued that kings would make decisions in strict adherence to moral and religious teachings. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 9-10 5) The Enlightenment and Reformation encouraged people to seek alternatives to absolute monarchy and to ponder new ways of governing. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 9-10 6) John Locke wrote Leviathan, in which he advocated strong government. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 10 7) According to Thomas Hobbes, life without a family would be "nasty, brutish, and short." Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 10

8) One reason that direct democracy is not used more often in the United States is because our population is too large. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 11 9) The Virginia House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in North America. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 11 10) The U.S. federal government frequently makes grants to nongovernmental organizations to promote civil society. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 13 11) Majority rule is the principle that government decisions should be based on the preferences of more than half of the citizens. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 12-13 12) The fall of the Soviet Union exposed the inherent flaws of democracy. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 13 13) A majority of Americans express a preference for presidents with strong religious beliefs. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 14 14) A majority of Americans are skeptical of presidents with strong religious beliefs. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 14

15) Declining birth rates have led to a decrease in the American population in recent decades. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 18-20 16) The number of African Americans in the United States is higher than the number of Hispanics. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 19 17) African Americans are the fastest growing racial or ethnic segment of the American population. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 19 18) Due to the extraordinary influx of illegal immigrants in recent years, the American population is becoming younger. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 19-20 19) The economic boom of the 1990s caused the average size of the American family to increase. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 20-21 20) A majority of Americans believe that illegal immigration is a serious problem. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 21 21) When it comes to regulation of the economy, conservatives tend to believe that government is best that governs least. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 16

22) Liberals often believe that the government should intervene in the economy. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 16 23) In the United States there are currently about twice as many conservatives as liberals. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 16 24) Social conservatives believe that government should promote traditional moral teachings. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 16 25) Libertarianism is a political philosophy based on individual freedom and the restoration of traditional moral values. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 16 26) Negative perceptions of the United States have been increasing in some parts of the world. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 24

Chapter 2 - True/False Questions:

1) Following the French and Indian War, the colonists and Great Britain eagerly encouraged further westward expansion. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 33-34 2) The Sons of Liberty were organized to fight the French and Indian War. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 34

3) The Sons of Liberty protested British rule in the colonies. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 34 4) Thomas Paine wrote Common Sense to argue for American independence from Great Britain. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 37 5) The Declaration of Independence draws from the teachings of John Locke. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 38 6) Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation included the inability to pay war debts, to collect taxes, and to conduct general business. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 40 7) Under the Articles of Confederation, it was difficult for the federal government to collect taxes. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 40 8) Shays’s Rebellion was the last battle of the Revolutionary War. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 41 9) The 1787 Constitutional Convention was called to seek a peaceful resolution to the French and Indian War. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 41

10) The Great Compromise recommended a bicameral legislature with representation in one house based on population and equal representation by state in the other house. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 44 11) The Great Compromise resulted in a bicameral legislature, with all spending and taxing bills originating in the House of Representatives. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: comprehension Page reference: 44 12) To appease women, the Constitution counted women as 3/5 of a person for representation purposes. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 45 13) The Committee on Unfinished Portions was charged with ironing out the details of the executive branch. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 45 14) In order to prevent any one component of government from becoming too powerful, the Framers separated powers among the three branches of government. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 46 15) The system of separation of powers was designed to prevent the concentration of power in any one branch of government. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 47

16) The political philosopher Montesquieu heavily influenced the Framers of the Constitution through his writings, which advocated a separation of powers and a system of checks and balances. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 46-47 17) Article I, section 8, enumerates the powers of the president. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 49-50 18) Article II vests the executive power in a president. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 52 19) The Equal Opportunity to Govern Amendment would give women equal rights. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 50-51 20) The president has the sole authority to resolve conflicts among or between the states. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 50-51 21) Article V of the Constitution specifies how amendments can be added. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 52 22) The supremacy clause prevents government from establishing an official religion. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 52

23) The supremacy clause is found in Article I, section 8. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 52 24) Ratification of the Constitution required approval of nine out of the 13 states. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 53 25) The Federalist Papers were designed to explain the new Constitution and encourage people to support its ratification. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 54-55 26) The first states to ratify the Constitution were small states. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 55 27) The Constitution has only changed through formal amendments. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 60 28) Supreme Court decisions can change the meaning of the Constitution. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 61

Chapter 3 - True/False Questions:

1) The aftermath of Hurricane Katrina demonstrates the benefits of a federal system. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Analysis Page reference: 94-95

2) There are more than 87,000 state and local governments in the United States. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 97 3) There are about 10,000 state and local governments in the United States. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 97 4) The Constitution divided the power between state and national government in order to create a confederation. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 96-97 5) The elastic clause is the root of Congress's implied powers. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98 6) The Constitution divided the power between state and national government in order to create a federal system of government. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 96-97 7) The elastic clause is the root of Congress's implied powers. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98 8) The Tenth Amendment grants reserve powers to the state governments. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98-100

9) In a unitary system, the national government draws its power from the people. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98 10) In a confederate system, the state governments draw their power from the people. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98 11) The Constitution includes a detailed list of the power of state governments. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 99 12) Protection of endangered species is a concurrent power. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 100 13) Congress’s implied powers are linked with its enumerated powers. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 98-100 14) Article IV requires states to extradite criminals to states where they are to stand trial or have been convicted. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 101 15) Article III prohibits states from extraditing criminals to other states in order to stand trial. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 101

16) The Sixteenth and Seventeenth Amendments enhanced the power of the state governments vis-à-vis the national government. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Synthesis Page reference: 105 17) The New Deal was a package of policies introduced by the Roosevelt administration to remedy the Great Depression through federal action. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 106 18) The Great Society was a package of policies introduced by the Roosevelt administration to remedy the New Deal through federal action. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 110 19) The Supreme Court was initially rather supportive of Roosevelt's attempts to deal with the Great Depression. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 107 20) The New Deal was characterized by intense governmental activity on the national level. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 106 21) For the first time in U.S. history, the New Deal embraced local governments as equal partners in an intergovernmental system. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 107

22) After Roosevelt unveiled his court-packing plan, the Supreme Court upheld most of the New Deal programs. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 107 23) Metaphorically, cooperative federalism is similar to a layer cake. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 108 24) Block grants are federal monies given to the states with few strings attached. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 111 25) The Great Society was a package of policies introduced by the Roosevelt administration to remedy the New Deal through federal action. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 110-111 26) Dual federalism is sometimes referred to metaphorically as a layer cake. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 108-109 27) States generally prefer categorical grants over block grants. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Analysis Page reference: 111 28) A cornerstone of Lyndon Johnson's "Great Society" program was an effort to provide universal health care. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Knowledge Page reference: 111

29) States generally prefer block grants over categorical grants. Answer: TRUE Bloom’s level: Analysis Page reference: 111 30) Under the banner of New Federalism, Republicans advocated for an increased use of unfunded mandates. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 112 31) Due to the Supreme Court's decision in Stenberg v. Carhart, American women have equal access to abortion services regardless of where they live. Answer: FALSE Bloom’s level: Comprehension Page reference: 116

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