urban guilds

January 6, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Business, Economics
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The Birth Of The Cottage Industry and Changes in Work

The growth of the Cottage Industry and the decline of the Urban Guilds laid the foundations of a consumer economy.

By Kenneth, Chace, Blaire and Lindsay

Life Before the Cottage Industry-Urban Guilds • urban guilds dominated the economy o collected taxes from their members o imposed standards and orders on trade o represented the interests of commerce to the government • received privileges from the crown • very restrictive-violators of these monopolies could be prosecuted

Urban Guilds-Continued • guild masters adopted new technologies • found creative ways to get around impractical rules • grew more accessible to woman. • by 1777 all guilds were open to women • guilds were abolished in 1791

Life Before the Cottage Industry-Peasants • Peasant communities... o made clothing o processed food o constructed housing • peasants did not produce manufacturing to sell on the market • manufactured goods for their own use

Life Before the Cottage Industry Raw Materials

Raw Materials

Peasants Made it into usable products

Artists Made it into usable, yet luxurious products

Peasant Use

Wealthy upper class buys

The Rise of the Cottage Industry/Putting Out System Raw Materials


Cottage Workers Finished Products

• rise of population = unemployment in rural areas, = rural workers to look for other sources of work • cause of the cottage industry • organized through the putting out system • Consisted of manufacturing with hand tools in peasant cottages

The Putting out sytem 2.0 • Work was often broken down into stages, making the job more Raw Materials productive, and allowing for Merchants more jobs for the worker

Cottage Workers Spinsters Bleachers


Finished Products


How does all of this affect the Guilds? • • • • •

Population growth = low unemployment rate in the fields Rural Workers went to city for work Competition for Guild System Rural workers cost less, merchants preferred to hire them Rural poverty and the need to employ landless peasants hurt the urban guilds ability to maintain their monopolies

The Textile Industry • • • • •

Manufacturing of textiles (cloth) Handlooming= family job Loom= man's job women/children worked on supporting tasks Conflicts between merchant and worker

Cottage Manufacturing in Europe

The Industrious revolution, not to be confused with the industrial revolution • Social and economic changes in Europe • People worked harder • Goods available at lower prices • Consumer economy • Individual family members worked for money, bought what they needed

Women's roles in the Industrious Revolution • • • •

Started to enter the work force Simple and boring jobs for low wages Making money = more power Women got control of surplus o Bought luxury items which helped the textile industry

The Rise of the Consumer Economy • Driven by individual expenditures • jobs spending demand more jobs • spent on household necessities. o surplus funds were available for luxury goods • all of the family worked for wages o Later, goes back to old model (head of the house provides)

Connections to today • During the 19th and 20th century o work was done in factories o recently a more modern cottage industry • This is how our economy works now: o We buy not produce our products o jobs of making the bread are divided among many people. • Another industrious revolution is now starting

Bibliography The Rise of the Cottage Cheese Industry A History of Modern Society http://issworldhistory.forumotion.net/t1206-the-putting-out-system http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consumer_economy http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrious_Revolution#Patterns_of_Con sumption http://www.investorwords.com/3112/monopoly.html

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