US HISTORY FINAL REVIEW

January 8, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: Social Science, Political Science, American Politics
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US HISTORY REVIEW Day 2

the late 19th and early 20th centuries, urban immigrants generally supported local political machines that provided essential serves to the immigrants

 During

muckraking journalists associated with the Progressive Era were known primarily for their willingness to expose the corruption of US society.

 The

Eighteenth Amendment outlawed the manufacture, sale, and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States.

 The

Nineteenth Amendment gave women in the United States the vote.

 The

 The

publication of Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle (1906) influenced the passage of the Meat Inspection Act .

 President

Roosevelt became involved in the Pennsylvania coal miners’ strike of 1902 by forcing labor and management into arbitration

 During

the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the US government attempted to facilitate the growth of domestic industry by placing high tariff barriers on foreign imports

 Theodore

Roosevelt’s Bull Moose Party was nicknamed for the Progressive Party

 Over

time the Federal Reserve has become responsible for regulating bank deposits and interest rates

 The

growth of US manufacturing increased demand for markets which contributed support for an Open Door policy in China.

 Involvement

in the SpanishAmerican War, acquisition of Hawaii, and introduction of the Open Door policy in China were actions taken by the US Government to gain overseas markets and sources of raw materials

 In

1900 the US declared an Open Door policy that reflected the belief that all countries should have equal trading rights in China.

 In

1898, newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst stated to a reporter, “You furnish the picture; I’ll furnish the war.” This quote illustrates the influential role of the press in affecting public opinion

 Theodore

Roosevelt’s “Speak softly and carry a big stick” policy relied on the US having a strong navy .

 The

US supported a revolution in Panama at the turn of the 20th century in order to secure the right to build a canal through Central America

 The

Roosevelt Corollary stated that the US reserved the right to intervene in the affairs of Central America and the Caribbean.

 The

War Industries Board, the War Labor Board, and the Food Administration were all created as part of the US war effort in WWI, which demonstrated that in time of war, the government becomes more involved with directing the economy.

 The

Espionage Act of 1918 included punishment for speaking or writing “disloyal, scurrilous or abusive language about the American form of government, the Constitution, the armed force, or the flag…” – The Espionage Act of 1918  The passage and the enforcement of the Espionage Act by the Wilson Administration reflected the belief that nation’s war effort would be threatened if dissenters were allowed free speech

 “The

seeds of World War II were sown earlier in the 20th century.” The quote supports the idea that the World War I peace settlement created bitterness and resentment.

President Wilson proposed the Fourteen Points at Paris Peace Conference in 1919 Thirty-nine US Senators sign petition against US entry into League of Nations The US Senate refuses to ratify the Treaty of Versailles

 The

American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) was formed in the 1920s to ensure that the individual rights of citizens were protected from government abuse.

 The

“ Red Scare ” in the United States immediately following World War I was a reaction to a perceived threat (fear) of a communist revolution in the United States

 An

increase in the advertising industry was an outgrowth of mass production techniques used during the 1920s

 Ford’s

production of Model Ts in the early 20th century demonstrated the economic relationship between specialization and greater efficiencies in production

 The

number of votes cast in the US Presidential electoral rise by 8.2 million from 1916 to 1920 was due to the Nineteenth Amendment which gave millions of women the right to vote

 Marcus

Garvey’s “Back to Africa” movement and the creation of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) were both early-twentieth century responses to the practice of racial discrimination in the US

 The

primary objective of Harlem Renaissance writers was to generate pride in African-American culture.

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