Was idealism the primary cause of World War II? YES
Download Was idealism the primary cause of World War II? YES...
By: Emily Southey
Opposition Why they were NOT the primary cause of WWII: Arguments Treaty of Versailles
The treaty itself was not the cause, it was the idealistic allies failing to make it harsh enough that allowed Germany to rebuild which led to the war Additionally, the allies appeasement (idealistic) of Germany’s violations of the treaty led to the war
Hitler could have been stopped numerous times. Hitler himself said that if they met French resistance in the Rhineland, they would have been forced to retreat.
The other axis powers (Italy and Japan) would not have started a war on their own, they did not have the resources to wage war(military, industrial strength)
THEIR IDEALISTIC POLICY
THE GOAL OF THEIR POLICY/IDEA
HOW IT LED TO WWII
Appeasement To prevent war through negotiation
The League of Nations
To promote peace They did not enforce it through international co- which gave dictators operation (e.g. the idea that they could collective security) continue to expand without facing consequences
David Lloyd George & Woodrow Wilson
The Treaty of Versailles
To limit Germany’s power to rebuild, however, not fully as cooperation is important in peace
Enabled/encouraged Hitler to build up his military and continue to occupy land
Allowed Germany to rebuild and become a world superpower, as it wasn’t limiting enough on Germany
of idealism related to appeasement: War can be prevented
international cooperation will promote peace. Definition:
the policy of acceding to the demands of a potentially hostile nation in the hope of maintaining peace and
violated the Treaty of Versailles by introducing military conscription and rebuilding his Navy (Kreigsmarine), armoured divisons (Panzerwaffe), and Air Force (Luftwaffe), and yet
the allies did
had assembled 95 warships, 8,250 airplanes, and an army of over 1 million soldiers.
Anglo-German Naval Agreement
allowed Germany to increase their navy to 35% of Britain’s at the time
believed that this cooperation with Germany could prevent them from expanding: Idealistic assumptions-War can be prevented and international cooperation will promote peace
“The forty-eight hours after the march into the Rhineland were the most nerve-racking in my life. If the French had then marched into the Rhineland we would have had to withdraw with our tails between our legs, for the military resources at our disposal would have been wholly inadequate for even a moderate resistance.”
you French had intervened in the Rhineland in 1936 we would have been sunk and Hitler would have fallen.”
-Heinz Guderian, German General
NEVILLE CHAMBERLAIN: AN IDEALIST “The
settlement of the Czechoslovakian problem, which has now been achieved is, in my view, only the prelude to a larger settlement in which all Europe may
find peace.” -Neville Chamberlain at the Heston Aerdome in 1938
good friends, for the second time in our history a British Prime Minister has returned from Germany bringing peace with honour.
I believe it is peace for our time”. -Neville Chamberlain, 1938
enemy did not expect my great determination. Our enemies are little worms, I saw them at Munich…Now Poland is in the position I wanted”.
– Adolf Hitler, August 22, 1939
March 1935- Hitler introduced military conscription and began rebuilding their armed forces March 1936- Hitler invaded the Rhineland March 1938- Hitler annexed Austria in the Anschluss March 1939- Hitler occupied the rest of Czechoslovakia September 1, 1939- Hitler invaded Poland
All of these violations, and what did France and Britain do?
NOTHING. They idealistically believed that appeasing Hitler would prevent war.
continually giving in to Hitler they tempted Hitler to go further and further, thus encouraging him into a war”. -British Historian A.J.P. Taylor
Allied Quotes About Hitler
"I have never met a happier people than the Germans and Hitler is one of the greatest men." -David Lloyd George
“One man has accomplished this miracle. He is a born leader of men. A magnetic dynamic personality with a single-minded purpose, a resolute will, and a dauntless heart. He is the national Leader.”-David Lloyd George
"Yes, Heil Hitler. I, too, say that because he is truly a great man.”- David Lloyd George
“There is no human being living whose promise on important matters I would trust more readily.“Viscount Rothermere, British Politician