19.3 Holocaust PowerPoint

January 5, 2018 | Author: Anonymous | Category: History, European History, World War II (1939-1945)
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Ch 19, Sec 3: The Holocaust

Holocaust • Persecution of Jews by Nazi Germany under Hitler that killed 6 million Jews • 5 million others will killed including homosexuals, people with disabilities, gypsies, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and enemies of the state

Nuremberg Laws • Laws for Jews that took away their rights in 1935 – Examples: • • • •

The right to citizenship The right to be married to other Germans Voting/Holding office Could not be doctors, lawyers, or own a business

• Result: High unemployment for Jews

Kristallnacht • “night of broken glass” on Nov 7, 1938 • Started when a Jewish refugee in France killed a German politician • Hitler ordered his troops to attack the Jews in Austria/Germany on Nov 9, 1938

Results of the Kristallnacht • 90 dead/100s injured • 7,500 businesses/180 synagogues were destroyed • 20,000 Jews were jailed – Forced to leave Germany if they wanted to be free – Forced to pay for all the damage – (Charged them 1 billion marks-1938 or $6.6 billion-2013)

Jewish Response • 350,000 people left Germany – Most famous: Einstein and Anne Frank – Many were ignored by other countries including the U.S.

• Had to apply to immigrate to U.S. – Visas denied since the Jews had to leave their wealth behind – Immigration laws limited how many Jews could come over

Final Solution • Wannsee Conference: – 1942 meeting with high German officials • Rounding up, shooting, and gassing (in a truck) Jews were too slow

• New idea: – Use concentration camps and extermination camps to get rid of the Jews

Concentration Camps • Work camps for the strong/young • Worked to death in factories • Ex: Buchenwald – Horrible living conditions 150-200 people packed into an area for 50 – Constant beatings with very little food

• Made war supplies/mined for metals/coal • Cruel medical procedures performed on the Jews

Extermination Camps • Death camps for the elderly, sick, and young children • 6 camps-mostly in Poland • Ex: Auschwitz • Could hold 100,000 people at a time • Killed 2,000 people in one gas chamber at a time • Killed 12,000 people per day (1.3 million during the war)

What took place in the camps? • Jews forced to leave all belongings when entering the gates of the camps • Doctors would remove all gold teeth from the Jews • Soldiers would steal anything of value • Men and women/children would be separated from each other to go to different camps • Those to sick/old would be taken to death camps • Gassed in the showers with zyclon-b • Bodies were burned in the ovens and the remains were buried in mass graves

How could this happen? • 1. German people were desperate to blame somebody after WWI. • 2. Hitler had total control. • 3. German people were not represented in the government. • 4. Germans feared the police (Gestapo) • 5. A history of Anti-Jewish feelings dominated the culture.

Assignment • Take the role of a person living in Germany during Kristallnacht. Write a diary entry describing the events of that night. Include a description of events during the days following Kristallnacht as well. • Diary entry should be at least 10 sentences and use actual events. • Due tomorrow

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